Difference Wiki

Yum vs. RPM: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sumera Saeed || Updated on October 16, 2023
Yum is a package manager that fetches and installs RPM packages, while RPM is a package management system itself used for installing, uninstalling, and managing software.

Key Differences

Yum, short for Yellowdog Updater Modified, is a command-line package manager that simplifies the process of managing and maintaining software on certain Linux distributions. It's designed to fetch, install, update, and remove software packages from repositories, handling dependencies automatically. On the other side, RPM stands for RPM Package Manager (originally Red Hat Package Manager). It is a package management system which is used to install, uninstall, verify, query, and update software packages.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023
Yum uses repositories of grouped applications to manage software installations and handle their dependencies in an automated fashion. For instance, if a user wants to install a software package that depends on other software packages, yum will ensure that all dependencies are satisfied. However, RPM doesn't handle dependencies as automatically. While it will notify the user of missing dependencies, it doesn't fetch or install them on its own.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023
Another distinction between yum and RPM is their level of interaction with the user. Yum provides a higher-level interface, making it simpler and more intuitive for users, especially those unfamiliar with the intricacies of software dependencies. In contrast, RPM offers a lower-level approach, giving users more control but potentially more complexity.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023
In terms of functionality, while both yum and RPM can install or remove packages, yum can search for packages in its repositories, making it easier for users to find and install new software. RPM, however, works directly with individual package files and does not maintain a search functionality based on repositories.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023
Lastly, yum is often seen as a front-end tool for RPM, handling the complexities and providing users with an easier way to manage software on their systems, while RPM serves as the foundational system upon which yum operates.
Janet White
Oct 16, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Definition

Package manager for retrieving and installing software.
Package management system for software management.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023

Dependency Handling

Handles dependencies automatically.
Notifies of missing dependencies but doesn't fetch them.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023

User Interaction Level

Higher-level interface, more user-friendly.
Lower-level, offers more control but can be complex.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023

Search Functionality

Can search for packages in its repositories.
Does not maintain a search functionality based on repositories.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023

Relation

Front-end tool for RPM.
Foundational system upon which yum operates.
Janet White
Oct 16, 2023
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Yum and RPM Definitions

Yum

A package manager that handles software dependencies automatically.
Using yum, I installed the software, and it took care of all the dependencies.
Sara Rehman
Oct 16, 2023

Rpm

Tool for installing, verifying, and removing software on Linux.
With rpm, I was able to verify the integrity of the installed software.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 16, 2023

Yum

Interface to search, install, and update software from repositories.
I searched for the package using yum and installed it without any issues.
Janet White
Oct 16, 2023

Rpm

A system for managing software packages on Linux.
I used rpm to install the software package on my machine.
Sara Rehman
Oct 16, 2023

Yum

Command-line tool for managing software on Linux.
With yum, updating the system's software is straightforward.
Huma Saeed
Oct 16, 2023

Rpm

Originally stood for Red Hat Package Manager.
The rpm system was initially developed for the Red Hat Linux distribution.
Sara Rehman
Oct 16, 2023

Yum

Tool that simplifies software management on specific Linux distributions.
On this Linux distribution, yum makes software management a breeze.
Janet White
Oct 16, 2023

Rpm

Allows users to query installed software details.
I ran an rpm command to check the details of the software version.
Huma Saeed
Oct 16, 2023

Yum

A front-end for the RPM package management system.
I prefer using yum as it simplifies the RPM package management process.
Harlon Moss
Oct 16, 2023

Rpm

Does not handle software dependencies automatically.
While installing with rpm, I was notified of some missing dependencies.
Sara Rehman
Oct 16, 2023

Yum

Used to express appreciation of or eagerness for a tasty food or beverage.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2016

Rpm

Alternative case form of RPM
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2016

Yum

Used to express appreciation for something attractive or to express eagerness for a pleasurable experience.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2016

Rpm

Alternative case form of RPM
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2016

Rpm

Rate of revolution of a motor;
The engine was doing 6000 revs
Sumera Saeed
Jan 21, 2016

FAQs

What does yum stand for?

Yum stands for Yellowdog Updater Modified.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023

Does yum handle software dependencies?

Yes, yum automatically handles software dependencies.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023

Is RPM exclusive to Red Hat-based systems?

Originally developed for Red Hat, rpm is now used in many Linux distributions.
Huma Saeed
Oct 16, 2023

Can rpm search for software in repositories?

No, rpm doesn't search repositories like yum does.
Sara Rehman
Oct 16, 2023

Which is more user-friendly, yum or rpm?

Yum offers a more user-friendly, higher-level interface than rpm.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023

Can I update my system using yum?

Yes, yum can be used to update all software on the system.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023

How does yum fetch software to be installed?

Yum fetches software from specified repositories containing rpm packages.
Janet White
Oct 16, 2023

How do I list all available packages with yum?

Use the command yum list available.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023

What command would I use to install software with rpm?

The command is rpm -i packagename.rpm.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023

Does yum work with sources other than RPM packages?

No, yum specifically works with rpm packages and repositories.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 16, 2023

Is rpm a package manager like yum?

RPM is a package management system, while yum is a package manager that utilizes rpm.
Janet White
Oct 16, 2023

Can I verify the integrity of a package using rpm?

Yes, with the command rpm -V packagename.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 16, 2023

How can I see all installed packages with yum?

Use the command yum list installed.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023

Is rpm specific to any Linux distribution?

While originally for Red Hat, rpm is now used in various distributions.
Harlon Moss
Oct 16, 2023

Is it easier to handle software dependencies with yum or rpm?

With yum, as it automatically handles software dependencies.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023

Can I use both yum and rpm on the same system?

Yes, in fact, yum often acts as a front-end for rpm.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023

How does rpm handle software dependencies?

RPM notifies users of missing dependencies but doesn't fetch them automatically.
Sara Rehman
Oct 16, 2023

How can I remove a package using rpm?

The command is rpm -e packagename.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023

Can rpm update all system software like yum?

No, rpm is used for individual packages, while yum can update all system software.
Harlon Moss
Oct 16, 2023

How do I search for a package using yum?

Use the command yum search packagename.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 16, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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