Difference Between 2 Pole Motors and 4 Pole Motors

Main Difference

The main difference between 2 Pole Motors and 4 Pole Motors is that 2 Pole Motors have a single pair of magnetic poles whereas 4 Pole Motors have two pairs of magnetic poles.

2 Pole Motors vs. 4 Pole Motors

A motor is a device that transforms electrical energy into mechanical energy in the form of torque supplied through a shaft. It functions on the principle of electromagnetic induction as defined by Michael Faraday. There are different types of motors, e.g., 2 pole motors and 4 pole motors, etc.

A 2 pole motor is a type of motor that has two magnetic poles or a pair of the magnetic pole, i.e. north and south. On the other side, 4 pole motor is the motor with two pairs of magnetic poles present in alternating orders, i.e. north-south-north-south.

The number of poles has an inverse relationship with speed, i.e. more the number of poles less will be the speed of the motor. So, a 2 pole motor has more speed than a 4 pole motor. But, for heavy power, 4 pole motor is best than 2 pole motor. Gearbox below 3000rpm is always required for a 2 pole motor. On the flip side, Generally, there is no need for gearbox in a 4 pole motor.

A 4 pole motor has double work output than a 2 pole motor. The rotor of a 2 pole motor completes a single cycle for each cycle of the source. On the other side, the rotor of a 4 pole motor brings to an end only half cycle for every single cycle of the source.

Comparison Chart

2 Pole Motors4 Pole Motors
A type of motor that has two magnetic poles or a pair of magnetic poles is known as a 2 pole motor.A type of motor with 4 magnetic poles or two pairs of magnetic poles is known as a 4 pole motor.
Configuration
A 2 pole motor shows a north-south configuration.A 4 pole motor shows north-south-north-south configuration.
Speed
A 2 pole motor has high speed due to less number of poles.A 4 pole motor has low speed due to more number of poles.
Efficiency
A 2 pole motor is more efficient.A 4 poles motor is less efficient.
Revolution Per Minute (RPM)
A 2 pole motor has more RPM value.A 4 poles motor has less revolutions per minute.
For Heavy Power
A 2 pole motor is not good for heavy power.For heavy power, 4 pole motor is best.
Gearbox
Gearbox below 3000rpm is always required for a 2 pole motor.Generally, there is no need for gearbox in a 4 pole motor.
Completion of Cycle
The rotor of a 2 pole motor completes a single cycle for each cycle of the source.The rotor of a 4 pole motor brings to an end only half cycle for every single cycle of the source.
Work Output
A 2 pole motor has less work output.A 4 pole motor has double work output than a 2 pole motor.
NPSHR
A 2 pole motor has higher NPSHR.The 4 pole motor has low NPSHR.
Energy Consumption
A 2 pole motor consumes less energy.A 4 pole motor spends double energy than a 2 pole motor.
Shape
A 2 pole motor is cylindrical in shape.The 4 pole motor is not cylindrical.
Torque
2-pole motors have 1.5 ft.-lbs of torque per horsepower.The 4-pole motors have 3.0 ft.-lbs of torque per horsepower.
Noise Performances
A 2 pole motor has good noise performance.The 4 pole motor is not good in noise performance.

What are 2 Pole Motors?

A 2 pole motor is a type of motor with two magnetic poles or a pair of magnetic poles. It shows a north-south configuration. A 2 pole motor is more efficient with high speed and more RPM. At 60 Hz, a 2-pole motor has 3600 rpm. But, it delivers low torque, i.e., 1.5 ft.-lbs of torque per horsepower. Moreover, it also consumes less energy and has less work output. This type of motor is not good for heavy power.

What are 4 Pole Motors?

A 4 pole motor is a type of motor that has 4 magnetic poles or two pairs of magnetic poles. It shows north-south-north-south configuration. A 4 pole motor is less efficient with less speed and less RPM. It shows 1800 rpm at 60 Hz. But, it delivers more torque, i.e., 3.0 ft.-lbs of torque per horsepower. It consumes more energy and twice works output than a 2 pole motor. This type of motor is good for heavy power.

Key Differences

  1. A type of motor that has two magnetic poles or a pair of magnetic poles is known as a 2 pole motor whereas, a type of motor with 4 magnetic poles or two pairs of magnetic poles is known as a 4 pole motor.
  2. A 2 pole motor shows north-south configuration; on the other hand, a 4 pole motor shows north-south-north-south configuration.
  3. A 2 pole motor has high speed due to less number of poles. Conversely, a 4 pole motor has low speed due to more number of poles.
  4. A 2 pole motor is more efficient on the flip side, a 4 poles motor is less efficient.
  5. A 2 pole motor has more RPM value; on the other side, the 4 poles motor has fewer revolutions per minute.
  6. A 2 pole motor is not good for heavy power while, for heavy power, 4 pole motor is best.
  7. Gearbox below 3000rpm is always required for a 2 pole motor; on the other hand, generally, there is no need for gearbox in a 4 pole motor.
  8. The rotor of a 2 pole motor completes a single cycle for each cycle of the source whereas, the rotor of a 4 pole motor brings to an end only half cycle for every single cycle of the source.
  9. A 2 pole motor has less work output, on the flip side, a 4 pole motor has double work output than a 2 pole motor.
  10. A 2 pole motor has higher NPSHR while a 4 pole motor has low NPSHR.
  11. A 2 pole motor consumes less energy. Conversely, a 4 pole motor spends double energy than a 2 pole motor.
  12. A two-pole motor is cylindrical in shape; on the other hand, the 4 pole motor is not cylindrical.
  13. 2 pole motors have 1.5 ft.-lbs of torque per horsepower whereas, the 4 pole motor has 3.0 ft.-lbs of torque per horsepower.
  14. A 2 pole motor has good noise performance while the 4 pole motor is not good in noise performance.

Comparison Video

YouTube video

Conclusion

Above discussion summarizes that a 2 pole motor is a more efficient and high-speed motor with less work output. On the other hand, a 4 pole motor is a less efficient motor with less speed but more work output.

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Harlon Moss

Harlon currently works as a quality moderator and content writer for Turpy Media. He graduated from the University of California in 2010 with a degree in Computer Science. Follow him on Twitter @HarlonMoss or on Pinterest @HarlonMoss

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