Difference Between Electrical Devices and Electronics Devices

Main Difference

Electrical and electronics seems to be the same technologies but are different in actual sense. Both deal with the electrons for making current to run the appliances. An electrical circuit lacks decision making ability while electronic circuit can take decisions. In a microwave oven, it makes a signal when the food gets cooked and thus is an electronic circuit. A washing machine carries both electrical and electronic circuits. Socket, fuse and motor are electrical while the programming is done to control the rotation of the drum which is the electronic part. Heavy transformers used in transmission are electrical while small transformers used in toys and chargers are electronics equipment. Most of the Electrical devices operate on 220 Volts or more while on the other hand most of the Electronic devices operate on 3 to 12 Volts. Many of the small electronics circuit are used to control the operation of electrical devices.

What are Electrical Devices?

Electrical circuits don’t have the ability to make decisions. Electrical appliances are mostly large and deal with high current and voltage. Electrical devices use the purely passive components (Components that don’t require external supply for their operation) for their working. Motors run on 11 kV or more. Generators produces 100 KW or more. Mostly operate in AC. Generators, large transformers, heavy motors are electrical devices. Resistance is a passive component and is used in electrical devices as it don’t require external supply for its operation.

What are Electronics Devices?

Electronics circuits have the decision making ability. Electronic appliances are mostly small and deal with low voltage and current. Electronic Devices work with at least one active component (Components that require external supply for their operation). Mostly operate on 3-12 DC. Cell phones, laptops, radio and microwave oven are electronic devices. Diodes and transistors are active components and used in the electronic devices that require some volts to be functional while placed in the circuit normally 0.3 volts to 0.7 volts.

Key Differences

  1. Electrical circuits don’t have the ability to make decisions while electronics circuits have the decision making ability.
  2. Electrical mostly operate with high voltage while electronics operate with low voltage.
  3. Electrical devices mostly operate with high voltage while electronic devices deal with low voltage.
  4. Heavy transformers used in transmission are electrical devices while small transformers used in toys and chargers are electronic devices.
  5. Electrical devices mostly deal with AC (Alternating Current) but not always and electronics mostly deal with DC (Direct Current) but not always.
  6. Electrical devices use the purely passive components (Components that don’t require external supply for their operation) for their working and while Electronic Devices work with at least one active component (Components that require external supply for their operation).
  7. Small electronic device control causes the relay to trip the heavy circuit breaker which is an electrical device.
  8. Many of the small electronics circuit are used to control the operation of electrical devices.
  9. Computer is a machine which contains electronic components more than electrical components.
  10. Heavy industries and factories contain both electronic devices and electrical devices for their operation but Electrical devices are far more than electronic devices.
  11. Electronic components are mostly used in the machines for controlling purposes for the composition of electrical devices.
  12. Many electrical machines contain electronic components in them to handle and control their functioning.
  13. Generators producing Electrical energy are Electrical devices while small tiny ICs used in the small toys are Electronic devices.
  14. Most of the Electrical devices operate on 220 Volts or more while on the other hand most of the Electronic devices operate on 3 to 12 Volts.
  15. Electrical devices are larger in size while most of the electronic devices are smaller in size.

Comparison Video

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Harlon Moss

Harlon currently works as a quality moderator and content writer for Difference Wiki. He graduated from the University of California in 2010 with a degree in Computer Science. Follow him on Twitter @HarlonMoss

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