Difference Wiki

Yellow Sapphire vs. Topaz: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Harlon Moss || Updated on October 19, 2023
Yellow sapphire is a yellow variety of the corundum mineral, while topaz is a distinct mineral with a broader color range.

Key Differences

Yellow sapphire and topaz are both treasured gemstones that can be found in a similar hue, but they originate from different mineral families. Yellow sapphire, belonging to the corundum family, is often prized for its vibrant, clear yellow shade. On the contrary, topaz, a silicate mineral, can come in a variety of colors, including blue, pink, and yellow.
A primary distinction between yellow sapphire and topaz is their hardness. Yellow sapphire is second in hardness only to diamonds, ranking 9 on the Mohs scale, making it highly durable and suitable for all types of jewelry. Topaz, however, ranks 8 on the Mohs scale, which is still hard but can be more prone to scratching than yellow sapphire.
Yellow sapphire is often associated with astrological benefits, especially in certain cultures, and is believed to bring prosperity and good fortune. Topaz is more commonly associated with the birthstone for November and is thought to bring clarity and strength to the wearer.
The origins of yellow sapphire are primarily from Sri Lanka, Madagascar, and Myanmar, though they can be found in other locations. Topaz, conversely, has a wider distribution, with significant deposits in Brazil, Nigeria, Australia, and Russia.
When purchasing yellow sapphire or topaz jewelry, it's crucial to understand their properties and origins. While yellow sapphire is often more expensive due to its rarity and association with benefits, topaz provides a more affordable option with a broader color range, though care is needed to avoid potential damage.

Comparison Chart

Mineral Family


Hardness (Mohs Scale)


Common Associations

Prosperity and astrological benefits
November birthstone, clarity, and strength

Primary Origins

Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Myanmar
Brazil, Nigeria, Australia, Russia

Color Range

Primarily yellow
Wide range, including blue, pink, and yellow

Yellow Sapphire and Topaz Definitions

Yellow Sapphire

A gemstone prized for its vibrant yellow hue.
She wore a necklace with a stunning yellow sapphire pendant.


A gemstone known for its broad color spectrum.
From blue to pink, the variety in topaz colors is fascinating.

Yellow Sapphire

Primarily sourced from Sri Lanka, Madagascar, and Myanmar.
This yellow sapphire is from the mines of Sri Lanka and boasts a vivid shade.


A hard gemstone ranking 8 on the Mohs scale.
Although topaz is hard, care is needed to maintain its luster.

Yellow Sapphire

A durable stone used in various types of jewelry.
Due to its hardness, yellow sapphire is perfect for daily wear rings.


A silicate mineral available in various colors, including yellow.
The bracelet was set with several shimmering topaz stones.

Yellow Sapphire

A yellow-colored variety of the corundum mineral.
The ring was adorned with a brilliant yellow sapphire.


The November birthstone associated with clarity and strength.
As a November-born, she cherished her topaz ring.

Yellow Sapphire

Associated with astrological benefits in certain cultures.
Many believe wearing yellow sapphire brings prosperity.


Found in several regions, including Brazil, Nigeria, and Australia.
This particular topaz is Brazilian and has a deep blue hue.


A colorless, blue, yellow, brown, or pink aluminum silicate mineral, often found in association with granitic rocks and valued as a gemstone.


Can topaz come in blue?

Yes, blue is one of the most common colors for topaz.

Which is the birthstone for November?

Topaz is the birthstone for November.

Is yellow sapphire rarer than topaz?

Yes, yellow sapphire is generally rarer and often more valuable than yellow topaz.

How do these stones react to light?

Both can be very brilliant, but their optical properties differ.

Are there synthetic versions of these gems?

Yes, both synthetic yellow sapphires and topazes are available.

What are the astrological benefits of wearing yellow sapphire?

It's believed to bring prosperity, good fortune, and can strengthen the position of Jupiter in one's horoscope.

Are these stones found together?

No, they have different origins and are not typically found in the same locations.

Which stone has a higher luster?

Both can exhibit high luster, but the luster type can differ.

Why is yellow sapphire considered auspicious in some cultures?

It's believed to be associated with the planet Jupiter, representing wisdom and prosperity.

Which stone is more expensive?

Typically, yellow sapphire is more expensive than topaz.

How can I differentiate between the two?

Besides physical properties, professional gem testing can accurately identify them.

Do both stones have inclusions?

Yes, both can have inclusions, but the type and appearance of inclusions may differ.

Can I find both stones in antique jewelry?

Yes, both have been used in jewelry for centuries.

How should I care for my topaz jewelry?

Avoid hard knocks and store separately to prevent scratches.

Can topaz be used as a substitute for yellow sapphire in astrology?

While some believe it can, it's best to consult an expert astrologer.

How do I clean my yellow sapphire jewelry?

Warm soapy water and a soft brush can be used for cleaning.

Is imperial topaz the same as yellow topaz?

No, imperial topaz is a specific pink-orange to reddish-orange variety of topaz.

Can both stones be used in rings?

Yes, but yellow sapphire's higher hardness makes it more suitable for rings that see daily wear.

Is yellow the only color for yellow sapphire?

Primarily, yes. Yellow sapphire is a specific variety of sapphire that is yellow.

Are these gemstones treated to enhance color?

Both can be treated, but it's essential to ask for disclosures when purchasing.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

Trending Comparisons

Popular Comparisons

New Comparisons