Difference Wiki

Prokaryotic Ribosomes vs. Eukaryotic Ribosomes: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sumera Saeed || Updated on October 30, 2023
Prokaryotic ribosomes are smaller (70S) than eukaryotic ribosomes (80S).

Key Differences

Prokaryotic ribosomes, found in bacteria and archaea, are smaller with a 70S sedimentation rate and are composed of 50S and 30S subunits. Eukaryotic ribosomes, found in animals, plants, fungi, and protists, are larger with an 80S sedimentation rate and are composed of 60S and 40S subunits.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023
Prokaryotic ribosomes are the site of protein synthesis in bacteria and archaea, and their structure is targeted by some antibiotics to prevent bacterial infections. Eukaryotic ribosomes, on the other hand, are found in the cytoplasm and on the endoplasmic reticulum and are the site of protein synthesis in eukaryotic cells.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023
Both prokaryotic and eukaryotic ribosomes are essential for the survival and function of the cell, as they play a critical role in the process of translation, where mRNA is decoded to produce proteins. However, the differences in their size and structure make them distinct entities.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023
In summary, while both prokaryotic and eukaryotic ribosomes serve the same fundamental purpose of protein synthesis, their differences in size, structure, and location reflect the distinct nature of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Comparison Chart

Size

Smaller (70S)
Larger (80S)
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Subunit Size

50S and 30S
60S and 40S
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Location

Cytoplasm of bacteria and archaea
Cytoplasm and endoplasmic reticulum of eukaryotic cells
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Sensitivity to Antibiotics

Sensitive
Not sensitive
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Organisms

Bacteria and Archaea
Animals, plants, fungi, and protists
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Prokaryotic Ribosomes and Eukaryotic Ribosomes Definitions

Prokaryotic Ribosomes

Prokaryotic ribosomes are sensitive to antibiotics.
Antibiotics can target the structure of prokaryotic ribosomes to prevent bacterial infections.
Harlon Moss
Oct 30, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Eukaryotic Ribosomes

Eukaryotic ribosomes are larger with an 80S sedimentation rate.
The larger size of eukaryotic ribosomes is a distinguishing factor from prokaryotic ribosomes.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Prokaryotic Ribosomes

Prokaryotic ribosomes are essential for the survival and function of bacteria and archaea.
Without prokaryotic ribosomes, bacteria and archaea would not be able to produce proteins.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Eukaryotic Ribosomes

Eukaryotic ribosomes are composed of 60S and 40S subunits.
The 60S and 40S subunits of eukaryotic ribosomes come together during translation.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Prokaryotic Ribosomes

Prokaryotic ribosomes are smaller with a 70S sedimentation rate.
The smaller size of prokaryotic ribosomes is a distinguishing factor from eukaryotic ribosomes.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Eukaryotic Ribosomes

Eukaryotic ribosomes are essential for the survival and function of eukaryotic cells.
Without eukaryotic ribosomes, eukaryotic cells would not be able to produce proteins.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Prokaryotic Ribosomes

Prokaryotic ribosomes are composed of 50S and 30S subunits.
The 50S and 30S subunits of prokaryotic ribosomes come together during translation.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Eukaryotic Ribosomes

Eukaryotic ribosomes are not sensitive to antibiotics.
The structure of eukaryotic ribosomes is different from prokaryotic ribosomes, making them not sensitive to antibiotics.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Prokaryotic Ribosomes

Prokaryotic ribosomes are the sites of protein synthesis in bacteria and archaea.
Prokaryotic ribosomes are targeted by antibiotics to treat bacterial infections.
Huma Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Eukaryotic Ribosomes

Eukaryotic ribosomes are the sites of protein synthesis in eukaryotic cells.
Eukaryotic ribosomes are found in the cytoplasm and on the endoplasmic reticulum.
Huma Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

FAQs

What are eukaryotic ribosomes?

Eukaryotic ribosomes are larger ribosomes found in eukaryotic cells.
Huma Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

What is the sedimentation rate of prokaryotic ribosomes?

The sedimentation rate of prokaryotic ribosomes is 70S.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Are there any differences in the composition of prokaryotic and eukaryotic ribosomes?

Yes, prokaryotic ribosomes are composed of 50S and 30S subunits, while eukaryotic ribosomes are composed of 60S and 40S subunits.
Sara Rehman
Oct 30, 2023

Are prokaryotic ribosomes sensitive to antibiotics?

Yes, prokaryotic ribosomes are sensitive to antibiotics.
Harlon Moss
Oct 30, 2023

Are there any similarities between prokaryotic and eukaryotic ribosomes?

Yes, both prokaryotic and eukaryotic ribosomes are essential for protein synthesis.
Sara Rehman
Oct 30, 2023

What is the impact of antibiotics on prokaryotic ribosomes?

Antibiotics can target the structure of prokaryotic ribosomes to prevent bacterial infections.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Are there any structural differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic ribosomes?

Yes, prokaryotic ribosomes are smaller and have different subunit sizes compared to eukaryotic ribosomes.
Janet White
Oct 30, 2023

What is the sedimentation rate of eukaryotic ribosomes?

The sedimentation rate of eukaryotic ribosomes is 80S.
Sara Rehman
Oct 30, 2023

What are the subunits of prokaryotic ribosomes?

The subunits of prokaryotic ribosomes are 50S and 30S.
Sara Rehman
Oct 30, 2023

What are the subunits of eukaryotic ribosomes?

The subunits of eukaryotic ribosomes are 60S and 40S.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 30, 2023

What is the function of ribosomes?

The function of ribosomes is to synthesize proteins.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

What is the role of ribosomes in the process of translation?

Ribosomes are responsible for decoding mRNA to produce proteins during the process of translation.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 30, 2023

What are prokaryotic ribosomes?

Prokaryotic ribosomes are smaller ribosomes found in bacteria and archaea.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Where are prokaryotic ribosomes found?

Prokaryotic ribosomes are found in the cytoplasm of bacteria and archaea.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Are eukaryotic ribosomes sensitive to antibiotics?

No, eukaryotic ribosomes are not sensitive to antibiotics.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

What is the significance of the sedimentation rate of ribosomes?

The sedimentation rate indicates the size of the ribosomes, with larger ribosomes having a higher sedimentation rate.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

How do ribosomes contribute to the survival of organisms?

Ribosomes are essential for the synthesis of proteins, which are necessary for the survival and function of organisms.
Janet White
Oct 30, 2023

Where are eukaryotic ribosomes found?

Eukaryotic ribosomes are found in the cytoplasm and on the endoplasmic reticulum.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 30, 2023

What organisms have prokaryotic ribosomes?

Bacteria and archaea have prokaryotic ribosomes.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

What organisms have eukaryotic ribosomes?

Animals, plants, fungi, and protists have eukaryotic ribosomes.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 30, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

Trending Comparisons

Popular Comparisons

New Comparisons