Difference Between Fact Table vs. Dimension Table

Main Difference

A fact table becomes known as the document that contains all the measurement, dimensions, costs and the events related to the process of a business or a venture carried out within a particular range. A dimension table becomes known as the document that contains all the measurements related to the design and has descriptions of all the factors such as attributes, lengths, time and other textual fields such as discrete numbers.

Comparison Chart

BasisFact TableDimension Table
DefinitionThe document that contains all the measurement, dimensions, costs and the events related to the process of a business or a venture carried out within a fixed range.The document that contains all the measurements related to the design and has descriptions of all the factors such as attributes, lengths, time and other textual fields such as discrete numbers.
FormatContains the data corresponding to a certain business process.Contains details about each instance of an object.
Contentcomprises of business actualities and remote keys that allude to essential keys in the measurement tablescomprises fundamentally of graphic traits that are printed fields.

What is Fact Table?

A fact table becomes known as the document that contains all the measurement, dimensions, costs and the events related to the process of a business or a venture carried out within a certain range. It helps to keep track of all the things that help with the completion of the task. In information warehousing, a Fact table comprises of the estimations, measurements or actualities of a business procedure. It is situated at the focal point of a star mapping or a snowflake outline encompassed by analysis tables. Where different fact tables get utilized, these are organized as a reality heavenly body construction. A fact table ordinarily has two sorts of segments: those that contain certainties and those that are an outside key to measurement tables. The essential key of a fact table is usually a composite core that gets comprised of the greater part of its remote keys. Fact tables contain the substance of the information distribution center and store distinctive sorts of measures like added substance, non-added substance, and semi-added element rules. A reality table holds the information to be broken down, and a measurement table stores information about the routes in which the information in the fact table can get investigated. In this manner, the fact table comprises of two sorts of sections. The outside keys segment permits join with measurement tables, and the measures sections contain the information that is being dissected. Exceptional care must exist when taking care of proportions and rate. One great outline govern is to never store rates or proportions tables however just ascertain these in the information get to apparatus.

What is Dimension Table?

A dimension table becomes known as the document that contains all the measurements related to the design and has descriptions of all the factors such as attributes, lengths, time and other textual fields such as discrete numbers. It helps to ensure that all the things complete per the requirement. In information warehousing, a measurement is a gathering of reference data about a quantifiable occasion. These events are known as truths and are put away in a reality table. Measurements classify and portray information distribution center facts and measures in ways that bolster significant responses to business questions. They shape the very center of dimensional displaying. Dimension tables contain insights about each case of a protest. For instance, the things dimension table would contain a record for everything sold in the store. It may incorporate data, for example, the cost of the item, the provider, shading, sizes, and comparative information. Truth tables and measurement tables get identified with each other. Then again, coming back to our retail display, the reality table for a client exchange would likely contain an external key reference to the thing measurement table, where the section compares to an essential key in that table for a record portraying the thing acquired. For instance, in the local situation, we talked about that buys, returns, and calls are actualities. Then again, clients, workers, things, and stores are measurements and ought to contain in dimension tables.

Key Differences

  1. A fact table becomes known as the document that contains all the measurement, dimensions, costs and the events related to the process of a business or a venture carried out within a certain range.
  2. A dimension table becomes known as the document that contains all the measurements related to the design and has descriptions of all the factors such as attributes, lengths, time and other textual fields such as discrete numbers.
  3. Fact tables contain the data corresponding to a certain business process. On the other hand, Dimension tables contain details about each instance of an object.
  4. The fact table chiefly comprises of business actualities and remote keys that allude to essential keys in the measurement tables. On the other hand, a dimension table comprises fundamentally of graphic traits that are printed fields.
  5. A dimension table contains a surrogate key, characteristic key, and an arrangement of properties. on the other hand, a fact table contains a remote key, estimations, and declined measurements.
  6. The size of a fact table becomes much bigger than the size of a dimension table as the latter one becomes part of the first and includes the details required to complete the full cycle.