A country is run under different systems which include an economic system, cultural system, legal system but the most important type which exists that helps in running the country is known as the government system. It consists of politics and government both of the terms are related to each other in several ways but are different. It works in a simple way, different political parties start from the grass rout level and form their base in a society, from there they participate in elections and if they win, form the government and if they lose, they become the opposition party which keeps the main government in check. This is the basis of political structure which is the relationship between groups of people who have different ideologies but work towards creating laws and regulations which are beneficial for the common people. They can force it through their political power or they can easily do it when they are the actual government. This is the main difference between politics and government. Both are linked to each other but the first one leads to the second one. It cannot be the other way round. One cannot form a government without being involved in politics and there is no political future if the party does not aim to form a government. Politics can be done on different points and people can look from short to long term measures of a specific group while in government, one has to look at the overall population of the country where people from different parties, sects and religions belong and the well-being of everyone is their responsibility. Government has to take long term measures, more often than not. A political party does not always concern itself with the overall needs of everyone. They have their own agenda and work towards is step by step. Therefore, it can be said that a government is a body which rules over a country and has the power by law and constitution to make sure all the actions of people are according to the norms of society. Political party on the other hand, does not have this liberty, they have to work within the current system and cannot make their own rules and regulations and cannot break them either. In a democratic system politics plays and important role in the course of action taken but government does not always have to be democratic but can also be taken over by power. Few other differences are listed at the end while brief explanation of these two types is given in the next two paragraphs.
Definition of Politics
It is a political system which is based on a set of specific rules, ideas from the common people and has some limitations in the way it operates. There aren’t always specific goals in politics and changing of view and partying ways from one to the other is very common. It is said that there is no final word in politics and people can change their stance as soon as they see some gain or benefit for themselves. Political parties who participate in politics always have to abide by the law set by the government of the time and constitution of the country. It can focus on people from a specific area and create own importance and then move towards bigger goals among which the most important is forming a government. Therefore, it can be said that there is no use of politics if the main aim is not end up in the government and implemented everything that has been preached in the politics.
Definition of Government
It is not always famous among common people but has the responsibility of making sure every person is taken care of in a proper way and they get their rights even if they are associated to a different group other than the one who participated in other type of politics. A government is free to make new laws and make changes in the constitution and there are no ways of stopping them legally unless people make use of politics and show their public power. A government usually has the mandate from the people but they can come in to power through other means too such as army rule and kingship. It is heavily dependent on the type of politics which is being done and people only choose a government if they see a party has done its politics right and has been able to convince the people that they should vote for them.
Differences in a Nutshell
- Government has the power to make new laws and change the constitution while a political party does not have the power to make any changes by law.
- In politics, people can make the government change its decision with the help of power but a government cannot show its power with any such acts.
- Politics is the basis of government system while government is not the basis of political system.
- Government rules over the whole country irrespective of the type of people while in a political system, party can make themselves the symbol of specific type of people.
- Common people have no role to play when it comes to the decisions taken by the government but in politics common people have a lot of say in all the decisions and course of action taken.
- Government is strictly related to state while politics is wide ranged which can be found in all fields of life such as educational institutes and trade unions.
There are different forms of government and parties attached to the system. This article looks at the specification of the two main types Government and Politics and gives a clear understanding of them. Hopefully it will help people in getting a better understanding and clearing the confusions that may arise while researching about them.