Laminar Flow vs. Turbulent Flow
Rate of Flow
Definition of Laminar Flow
When a person smokes a cigarette, the smoke comes out of it. If careful observation is made it can be seen that the smoke is not irregular and follows a similar trajectory, this is known as laminar flow. One, in which the fluid follows a straight path and there are no distractions in the flow, this can be made possible in industry by using another fluid which keeps the surface of pipes smooth. Velocity is constant at every point in a laminar flow and the flow reaches its maximum in the middle and slows down when it reaches the end surfaces.
Definition of Turbulent Flow
Once the smoke from the cigarette is out after following a straight path for some time it tends to waver at a particular point, this then becomes a turbulent flow. One, in which there is no smoothness in the way the fluid flows and the pipes which are used in industry have rough surfaces. This flow can be helpful in some applications but mostly is considered inefficient. The velocity changes at every instant in the turbulent flow while it has the maximum rate at the end, the rate is slower in the central region because of many irregularities.