Difference Between Guidance and Counseling

Main Difference

The main difference between Guidance and Counseling is that Guidance is instruction or advice on the general problems which is given by someone more qualified or experienced whereas Counseling is professional advice which is specifically based on the psychological or personal issues of the people that is given to them by a professional counselor.

Guidance vs. Counseling

Psychology is a diverse field that deals with the study of mental processes and behavior. Almost all of us often encounter several problems in our lives. There are many applications and branches of psychology, in which the fields of guidance and counseling are also involved. Sometimes almost all of us need the help of a second or a third party to give us the best solutions for our problems that we face in our life. In these difficult situations of our life, counseling and guidance come into play to help us.

Although both of these branches of psychology appear quite similar in nature, yet, they are different from each other. In guidance, the main focus is made on listening to the problem of the person, and after that, the ready-made solution is given to that person by the expert. Counseling, on the other hand, has a purpose of understanding and discussing the problem of a person, empowering and advising him to decide that concern with the career or life goals of the person in one-to-one sessions. It tends to alternate the viewpoint to help that person to get the solution by herself or himself.

Guidance is considered as a comprehensive process, and it has an external approach. Conversely, counseling emphases on the inward and in-depth examination of the problem, until the client overcome and understands that problem entirely. Guidance is the branch of psychology that is referred to as comparatively more broader and comprehensive. Counseling, on the other side, is referred to as in-depth to fix the problem of the people and to make that problem to be understood.

Both of these branches of psychology can help in the rehabilitation and treatment of a person who is suffering from a mental disorder or illness, but counseling is considered more extensive than the guidance.

Comparison Chart

GuidanceCounseling
The branch of psychology that is basically an instruction or advice on the general problems and is given by someone who is more qualified or experienced is called guidance.The branch of psychology that is basically a piece of professional advice and is specifically based on the psychological or personal issues of the people that is given to them by a professional counselor is called counseling.
Nature
Guidance is basically precautionary in nature.Counseling has a tendency to cure, healing, or remedy.
Main Focus
In guidance, the main focus is made on listening to the problem of the person, and after that, the ready-made solution is given to that person by the expert.The main focus of counseling is at understanding and discussing the problem of a person, empowering and advising him to make a decision that concern with the career or life goals of that person in one-to-one sessions.
Helps In
Guidance helps a person in selecting the best substitute.Counseling tends to help a person by making him able to get the solution of the problem by himself or herself.
Type of Process
Guidance is a process that has an external approach.Counseling has a focus on the inward and in-depth analysis of the problem of a person until the person understands and overcome that problem entirely.
Secrecy
The guidance could be open; hence, the level of privacy is less in it.Complete secrecy is retained in this branch of psychology.
Deliverance
We can deliver guidance to an individual or a group of individuals at the same time.Counseling is the advice that is always given one to one.
Broader and Comprehensive
Guidance is referred to as comparatively more broader and comprehensive.Counseling is referred to as comparatively less broad and comprehensive.
Scope
Guidance has the scope in almost all the fields, but it is more common in the field of education.Counseling is mostly involved in psychological and personal assistance.
Therapeutic Nature
Guidance is the branch of psychology that is less therapeutic in nature.Counseling is the branch of psychology that is more therapeutic in nature.

What is Guidance?

Guidance is the branch of psychology and is instruction or advice on the general problems which is given by someone who is more qualified or experienced. This branch of psychology is applied to rehabilitate and treat mentally disordered patients. It is actually based upon the external analysis. It generally suggests to the process where a person (who has more experience or knowledge than the person who is getting the guidance) gives advice, instructions on the better pathways or solutions to find the accurate answer to the problem that someone faces.

Guidance helps in almost all the fields, but it is more common in the field of education. Teachers, professors, or lecturers guide the students in the right direction in their education pathways. For instance, university professors or lecturers can guide the undergraduates to discover better career pathways by displaying them the pros and cons of various careers that they can follow after their graduation.

Besides, even in the workplace, the authoritative person or the boss guides his workers in the tasks that they have to accomplish. Also, think of the guidance that bank personnel gives us regarding our deposits. Even a simple situation shows how the process of guidance can happen when elder siblings guide their younger siblings. The guidance gives us the solution to the problem, or we can say that “Dinner is ready.”

The guidance could be open; hence, the level of privacy is less in it. It is the branch of psychology that is preventive in nature. We can deliver guidance to an individual or a group of individuals at the same time. It helps a person in choosing the best substitute. It is referred to as comparatively more comprehensive and broader. The scope of this branch is vast because it includes matters which concern with the career, finance, education, tasks, and psychology as well. It is essential to note that guidance happens with the person who is more experienced and with the person who has lesser knowledge of the related issue.

What is Counseling?

Counseling is the branch of psychology that is taken when a problem is related to the socio-psychological and personal issues. It is professional advice that is specifically based on the psychological or personal issues of the people that is given to them by a professional counselor. In order to become a professional counselor, one must have a natural predisposition to help the people suffering from mental problems, and he must have extensive academic knowledge and a lot of practice in the field of psychology. It is mostly destined to help those people who deal with mental issues. It is actually based upon the inward analysis.

A counselor is responsible for direct dealing with the person who needs psychological help in order to alleviate his living condition. This branch of psychology is more therapeutic in nature. Counseling is that which makes us able to get the solution by properly understanding the problem, or we can say that “Prepare the dinner by yourself.” It is not just creating a judgment or giving advice, but it is involved in helping the client so that he may clearly see the root of the problems and become able to identify the potential solutions of the issues.

The counselor makes his client prepared to change his vantage point and also help him so that he may choose a course of action or make the right decision. It will help the client to remain positive in the future and also be intuitive in the next life. Complete secrecy is retained in the counseling. It is the branch of psychology that tends to be curative, healing, or remedial. Counseling is the advice that is always given one to one. It is referred to as in-depth to fix the problem of the people and to make that problem to be understood.

Key Differences

  1. The branch of psychology that is basically an instruction or advice on the general problems and is given by someone that is more qualified or experienced is called guidance, whereas, the branch of psychology that is basically a professional advice which is specifically based on the psychological or personal issues of the people that is given to them by a professional counselor is called counseling.
  2. Guidance is the branch of psychology which is basically precautionary in nature; on the other hand, counseling is the branch of psychology that has a tendency of cure, healing or remedy.
  3. In guidance, the main focus is made on listening to the problem of the person, and after that, the ready-made solution is given to that person by the expert. Conversely, the main focus of counseling is at understanding and discussing the problem of a person, empowering and advising him to make a decision that concern with the career or life goals of that person in one-to-one sessions.
  4. Guidance is the branch of psychology which helps a person in selecting the best substitute, on the flip side, counseling is the branch of psychology that tends to help a person by making him able to get the solution of the problem by himself or herself.
  5. Guidance is the process which has an external approach, on the other hand, counseling is the process which has its focus on the inward and in-depth analysis of the problem of a person until the person understands and overcome that problem entirely.
  6. As guidance could be open, so the level of privacy is less in it, on the other side, complete secrecy is maintained in the counseling.
  7. We can give guidance to an individual or group of individuals at the same time, while, counseling is the branch of psychology that is always given one to one.
  8. Guidance is the branch of psychology which is referred to as comparatively more comprehensive and broader, on the flip side, counseling is the branch of psychology which is referred to as comparatively less broader and comprehensive.
  9. Guidance is the branch of psychology that has the scope in almost all the fields, but it is more common in the field of education. Conversely, counseling is the branch of psychology that is mostly involved in psychological and personal assistance.
  10. Guidance is the branch of psychology that is less therapeutic in nature; on the other hand, counseling is the branch of psychology that is more therapeutic in nature.

Comparison Video

YouTube video

Conclusion

The above discussion summarizes that guidance and counseling become the necessities for us when we face the crucial problems in our lives. The former is a general process through which we guide someone with a piece of advice or another manner to solve the problems of that person, while, the latter mainly refers to the advising process of a professional counselor which is based on the psychological or personal problems of the people.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson

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