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Difference Between Organic Farming and Chemical Farming

Main Difference

The main difference between Organic Farming and Chemical Farming is that Organic Farming is the type of farming in which the plants are grown with the help of the natural fertilizers. On the other hand, Chemical farming is the type of farming in which the plants are grown with the help of chemical fertilizers.

Organic Farming vs. Chemical Farming

Organic farming is the type of farming in which natural fertilizers are used to grow different types of plants in different fields. On the other side of the coin, chemical farming is the type of farming in which the chemical fertilizers are used to grow different types of plants in different fields. In organic farming, the growth of harmful weeds is controlled by the help of different natural processes such as hand weeding, mulching, tilling, and crop rotation. On the flip side, in chemical farming, the growth of different harmful weeds are controlled by the help of the artificial or chemical fertilizers.

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In organic farming, the attack or side effects of pests can be controlled by the help of the natural methods like birds, insects, and traps or by the use of the naturally-derived pest killers. On the opposite side, in chemical farming, the attack or side effects of pests can be controlled by the help of the chemical or synthetic pest killers. In organic farming, there are no risks of the air, water, and soil pollution; on the other hand, in chemical farming, there are higher risks of air, water, and soil pollution.

In organic farming, the requirements of irrigation are reduced; on the other side of the coin, in chemical farming, the requirements of irrigation are needed. Organic farming is done by collaborating with nature, whereas chemical farming is done by dominating in nature. Organic farming causes the improvement of the ecosystem; on the opposite side, chemical farming causes the harms of the ecosystem.

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Comparison Chart

Organic FarmingChemical Farming
Organic farming is the type of farming in which natural fertilizers are used to grow different types of plants in different fields.Chemical farming is the type of farming in which the chemical fertilizers are used to grow different types of plants in different fields.
Growth of Weeds
In it, the growth of weeds is controlled by the natural methods of hand weeding, mulching, tilling, and crop rotation.In it, the growth of different harmful weeds is controlled by the help of artificial or chemical fertilizers.
Pests
In it, the side effects of pests can be controlled by the help of the natural methods like birds, insects, and traps or by the use of the naturally-derived pest killers.In it, the attack or side effects of pests can be controlled by the help of the chemical or synthetic pest killers.
Pollution
It does not cause any pollution.It causes air, water, and soil pollution.
Collaboration with Nature
It always collaborates with nature.It does not collaborate with nature instead appears as dominant.
Irrigation
The requirements for irrigation are reduced.The requirements for irrigation are needed.
Impact on the Ecosystem
It generally improves the ecosystem.It generally has a severe impact on the ecosystem.
Effect on Soil Fertility
It causes the improvement of soil fertility.It causes the deterioration of soil fertility.
Fertilizers
It uses bio-fertilizers.It uses chemical fertilizers.
Effect on Nature
It restraint of natureIt causes the exploitation of nature
Type of Orientation
It generally based on the ecological orientationIt generally based on the chemical orientation
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What is Organic Farming?

Organic farming is the type of farming in which the different types of plants are grown with the help of natural biofertilizers. There are many benefits to using organic farming. The growth of different harmful weeds in farming can be controlled by the use of natural methods such as mulching and tilling effects. The requirement of irrigation is reduced in this process. It does not have any severe effects like air, water, and land pollution.

The side effects of pests can also be controlled by natural methods such as the birds, insects, and traps that can decrease the number of pests in the field by eating them. It generally improves the natural ecosystem. This process is generally based on ecological orientation. It causes the improvement of nature. It always works by collaboration with nature instead of dominating in nature.

What is Chemical Farming?

Chemical farming is the type of farming in which different types of plants are grown with the help of chemical or synthetic fertilizers. There are also many benefits of using the process of chemical farming. The growth of harmful weeds in farming can be controlled by the use of chemicals or synthetics. The side of the pest can be controlled by the use of artificial pest killers. It also has many side effects like air, water, and land pollution.

Chemical farming generally based on chemical orientation instead of ecological orientation. This process has more side effects. It causes the destruction of nature. It also has many severe impacts on the natural ecosystem. It always works by dominating in nature rather than collaborating with nature. The requirements for irrigation are increased in this process.

Key Differences

  1. Organic farming is the type of farming that is based on ecological orientation; on the other hand, chemical farming is the type of farming that is based on chemical orientation.
  2. Organic farming causes the improvement of soil fertility; on the flip side, chemical farming causes the deterioration of soil fertility.
  3. Organic farming does not have any side effects like air, water, and land pollution; on the opposite side, chemical farming has side effects like air, water, and land pollution.
  4. Organic farming is the type of farming in which the different types of plants are grown in different fields with the help of the biofertilizers. On the other side of the coin, chemical farming is the type of farming in which different types of plants are grown in different fields with the help of synthetic or artificial fertilizers.
  5. Organic farming is always done by collaborating with nature; on the other hand, chemical farming does not do by collaborating with nature instead appear as dominant.
  6. In organic farming, different natural methods like hand weeding, mulching, tilling, and crop rotation is used to control the growth of the harmful weeds. On the flip side, in chemical farming, different chemical or artificial methods are used to control the unwanted growth of the harmful weeds.
  7. Organic farming causes nature to restraint; on the flip side, chemical farming causes the exploitation of nature.
  8. In organic farming, with the help of the natural methods like birds, insects, and traps or by the help of the naturally-derived pesticides, the severe effects or attacks of pests can be controlled. On the opposite side, in chemical farming, with the help of artificial or synthetic fertilizers, the severe effects or attacks of pests can be controlled.
  9. Organic farming causes the improvement of the ecosystem; on the other hand, chemical farming causes a severe impact on the ecosystem.

Conclusion

The above discussion concludes that organic farming is based on the ecological orientation; on the flip side, chemical farming is based on the chemical orientation.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson