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Difference Between Mind and Soul

Main Difference

The main difference between Mind and Soul is that the Mind is the faculty of thinking, reasoning, of a man and his skills to apply knowledge, whereas the Soul is known to be the spiritual nature of humankind.

Mind vs. Soul

The mind is the faculty of thinking, reasoning, of a man, and his skills to apply knowledge. The soul is known to be the spiritual nature of humankind. The human mind is the information collected through the five senses. The soul is the essence of humankind incorporated into the human body; it is believed to be apart from the body when a person dies.

The mind is the human consciousness emerging from the brain that is driven by a person’s thoughts, actions, emotion, memory, and imagination. It is said that the human soul is his mind in extended form. For some psychologists, emotions, e.g., love, hate, fear, and joy, are not linked with the mind because the mind only possesses higher intellectual processes such as memory, intellect, and reasoning. Scientists believed that the soul has a connection with the mind for the reason that we can learn about the soul by studying the human brain (the place where minds are located).

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The mind is associated with what we feel. It plays a significant part in making us happy or sad. The soul is associated with specific emotions, e.g., desire. Our mind decides what we should do to achieve a thing or if we should let it go. Our soul drives us to think and act in a certain way and feel different emotions. The mind is believed to be a projection of the soul. The soul is a person’s life force and his whole consciousness.

Comparison Chart

MindSoul
A mind is where the information collected through the five sensesThe soul is the essence of humankind incorporated into the human body
Associated With
Feelings (Happy or sad)Desires
Function
The faculty of thinking, reasoning, of a man and his skills to apply knowledgeThe spiritual nature of humankind
Decides
What we should do to achieve a thing or if we should let it goTo act in a certain way, and feel different emotions.
Synonymous With
ThoughtsMind
Connected To
The brainThe eternal part of a being
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What is Mind?

The mind refers to a person’s thought process of reason and consciousness. It is synonymous with human thoughts that are an individual’s private conversion with himself. Some psychologists suggest that the mind is made up of specified elements. These elements are thoughts, memory, imagination, and consciousness. All these elements make a person think in a certain way, recall things, create ideas, and perceive in different ways.

The mind is also compared to the computer. It is programmed in a certain way, and the outcome of its processing is our thoughts leading to our actions. In its mental state, the mind is responsible for handling the biological functions of the body—for example, metabolism, digestion, breathing, and the like. Some psychologists believe that emotions like love, hate, fear, and joy are separate from the mind because only higher intellectual processes like memory and reason can be part of the mind.

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Types of Mind

  • Conscious Mind: A person’s mind when he is awake. The things a person does with the conscious mind are always rational and closer to reality. The thoughts in this state are known as conscious thoughts.
  • Subconscious Mind: Subconscious is active even when a person is sleeping or awake. Our breathing is linked with the subconscious mind because we breathe whether we are sleeping or waking.
  • Super-conscious Mind: The super-conscious mind is the state where a person starts witnessing all the activities of his mind and body. It is the ultimate state of being.

What is Soul?

The Soul is the portion that retains the highest possible level of consciousness. It is the part that is deprived of any form and physical existence. The soul is associated with specific emotions, e.g., desire. Our desires are aiming at those things which we cannot have, which are transient and go away. But at the same time, they give us pleasure. Many religions of the world regard the soul as man’s divine or God-given essence. It is also a religious belief that the soul will be apart from the body after death. It is believed that the soul is the entity that only exists in living things, but some also say that it also exists in nonliving things. This essence is an eternal part of a being. The soul is consists of mind, desires, and emotions. The existence of the soul is closely connected to spirituality and religion.

According to scientists, the soul is synonymous with the mind because one can learn about the soul by studying the human brain, which is the place where minds are located. But there is also a belief that the soul is connected to being alive. When you are active, then your soul is asleep, and when you are asleep, it is active through your dreams. Some religions regard the human soul and spirit as one. But some religions direct their relation to mind, whereas the spirit is beyond the mind. The soul does not participate in the functioning of the mind and body, but it acts as a spectator and watches all these activities.

Key Differences

  1. The human mind is the information collected through the five senses; in contrast, the soul is the essence of humankind incorporated in the human body.
  2. When a person dies, his mind stops working; on the other hand, the soul is believed to be apart from the body when a person dies.
  3. The mind is the faculty of thinking, reasoning, of a man and his skills to apply knowledge, whereas the soul is known to be the spiritual nature of humankind.
  4. Our mind decides that what we should do to achieve a thing or if we should let it go, while our soul drives us to think and act in a certain way and feel different emotions.
  5. The mind is the human consciousness; on the flip side, the human soul is his mind in extended form.
  6. The mind is associated with what we feel. It plays a significant part in making us happy or sad on the contrary, and the soul is associated with specific emotions, e.g., desire.
  7. For some psychologists, the emotions, e.g., love, hate, fear, and joy are not linked with the mind because the mind only possess higher intellectual processes such as memory, intellect, and reasoning; conversely, the scientists believed that the soul has a connection with the mind for the reason that we can learn about the soul by studying the human brain ( the place where minds are located).
  8. The mind is emerging from the brain that is driven by a person’s thoughts, actions, emotion, memory, and imagination on the converse; the soul is the essence of an eternal part of a being.

Conclusion

Mind and Soul are the two similar concepts, as both are the inner part of a human being. But both of these concepts are distinct from each other as they differ in their function and properties.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson