Difference Wiki

Series Resonance vs. Parallel Resonance: What's the Difference?

Edited by Sawaira Riaz || By Sumera Saeed || Updated on October 6, 2023
Series Resonance occurs when circuit impedance is minimum; Parallel Resonance happens when circuit impedance is maximum.

Key Differences

Series Resonance refers to the phenomenon where in a series RLC circuit (Resistor, Inductor, Capacitor), the inductive and capacitive reactances are equal, minimizing the impedance. When this happens, the circuit allows maximum current to flow. Parallel Resonance, on the other hand, occurs in a parallel RLC circuit. At the point of resonance, the circuit's impedance reaches its maximum, minimizing the circuit's current.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023
Series Resonance circuits are often used for their ability to select or favor a particular frequency, like in tuning circuits of radios. Parallel Resonance circuits, in contrast, are typically utilized to reject certain frequencies, making them useful in applications like notch filters.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023
The bandwidth is generally broader in Series Resonance compared to Parallel Resonance, providing distinct characteristics in their operation.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023
Additionally, at Series Resonance, voltage across the components can be many times greater than the applied voltage, while in Parallel Resonance, current through the components can be much larger than the source current.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023

Comparison Chart

Circuit Configuration

Series RLC
Parallel RLC
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023
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Circuit Impedance at Resonance

Minimum
Maximum
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023

Current at Resonance

Maximum
Minimum
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023

Usage

Favors or selects certain frequencies
Rejects certain frequencies
Aimie Carlson
Oct 06, 2023

Example Application

Tuning circuits in radios
Notch filters in audio applications
Harlon Moss
Oct 06, 2023

Series Resonance and Parallel Resonance Definitions

Series Resonance

Utilized for frequency selection.
Series Resonance is critical for tuning applications.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 06, 2023
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Parallel Resonance

Point of minimized current flow.
Devices use Parallel Resonance to reject unwanted frequencies.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023

Series Resonance

A phenomenon in a series RLC circuit.
At Series Resonance, the radio is tuned to a specific frequency.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023

Parallel Resonance

Where circuit impedance is at its maximum.
At Parallel Resonance, the current is at its lowest.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 06, 2023

Series Resonance

Point of minimum impedance in a series circuit.
The circuit exhibits Series Resonance at a specific frequency.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023

Parallel Resonance

Utilized for frequency rejection.
Notch filters operate based on the principle of Parallel Resonance.
Janet White
Oct 06, 2023

Series Resonance

Condition of maximum current flow.
The current is at its peak when Series Resonance is achieved.
Sara Rehman
Oct 06, 2023

Parallel Resonance

A phenomenon in a parallel RLC circuit.
The Parallel Resonance condition minimizes the circuit's current.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023

Series Resonance

Where inductive and capacitive reactances are equal.
Series Resonance enables maximum current to flow in the circuit.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 06, 2023

Parallel Resonance

Condition of minimum current flow in the circuit.
Parallel Resonance is achieved when certain frequencies are eliminated.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023

FAQs

Does Series Resonance allow more current to flow?

Yes, at Series Resonance, the current flow is at its maximum.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023

How does Parallel Resonance differ?

Parallel Resonance occurs in a parallel RLC circuit, where impedance is maximum and current is minimized.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 06, 2023

Where is Parallel Resonance commonly used?

Parallel Resonance is typically used in notch filters to reject certain frequencies.
Sara Rehman
Oct 06, 2023

How do the inductive and capacitive reactances compare at Parallel Resonance?

At Parallel Resonance, the inductive and capacitive reactances are equal, leading to minimized current.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023

Are Series and Parallel Resonance opposite phenomena?

In a sense, yes. Series Resonance minimizes impedance and maximizes current, while Parallel Resonance does the opposite.
Harlon Moss
Oct 06, 2023

What is Series Resonance?

Series Resonance is the point in a series RLC circuit where impedance is minimum and current is maximum.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023

Which resonance condition results in minimized current?

The Parallel Resonance condition results in minimized current.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023

What's the relation between impedance and frequency in Series Resonance?

In Series Resonance, as frequency approaches the resonant frequency, the impedance decreases.
Harlon Moss
Oct 06, 2023

Can Parallel Resonance be useful in audio applications?

Yes, Parallel Resonance is valuable in audio applications, especially in notch filters.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 06, 2023

Is there a risk of component damage at Series Resonance?

Yes, due to the potential magnification of voltage across components at Series Resonance.
Janet White
Oct 06, 2023

Can Parallel Resonance be achieved in a series RLC circuit?

No, Parallel Resonance is specific to parallel RLC circuits.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023

Can voltage magnify in Series Resonance?

Yes, at Series Resonance, voltage across components can be significantly greater than the applied voltage.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 06, 2023

What role does capacitance play in Series Resonance?

In Series Resonance, the capacitive reactance equals the inductive reactance.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023

At what point is Parallel Resonance achieved in a circuit?

Parallel Resonance is achieved when the impedance of the circuit is at its highest, minimizing the current.
Harlon Moss
Oct 06, 2023

How does current behave in a circuit at Series Resonance?

At Series Resonance, the current in the circuit is at its peak.
Sara Rehman
Oct 06, 2023

What happens to the circuit's impedance at Parallel Resonance?

At Parallel Resonance, the circuit's impedance reaches its maximum.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023

Are both Series and Parallel Resonance found in RLC circuits?

Yes, Series Resonance is found in series RLC circuits, and Parallel Resonance is found in parallel RLC circuits.
Harlon Moss
Oct 06, 2023

Why is Series Resonance significant in radios?

Series Resonance is vital in radios for tuning to specific frequencies by favoring or selecting them.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023

Is the bandwidth broader in Series or Parallel Resonance?

The bandwidth is generally broader in Series Resonance compared to Parallel Resonance.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023

Why is Series Resonance important in filter circuits?

Series Resonance is crucial for selecting or favoring certain frequencies, making it valuable in filter circuits.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 06, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.

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