Chemistry

Difference Between Metallic Conduction and Electrolytic Conduction

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Main Difference

The main difference between Metallic Conduction and Electrolytic Conduction is that the Metallic Conduction is the conduction of electric current through electrons, whereas the Electrolytic Conduction is the conduction of electric current through the ions.

Metallic Conduction vs. Electrolytic Conduction

Metallic conduction is the passage of the electric current with the help of free electrons in the conductors, whereas the electrolytic conduction is the passage of electric current with the help of ions in the solutions. In metallic conduction, there is no change occur in the composition of the conductor; on the other hand, in electrolytic conduction, there is a complete change that occurs in the composition of the solution. The decomposition of matter does not occur during the metallic conduction; on the flip side, the decomposition of the matter is necessarily occurring in electrolytic conduction.

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There is a decrease in conduction through the metallic conduction with the increase in temperature; on the contrary, there is an increase in conduction through the electrolytic conduction with the increase in temperature. The matter does not transport during the process of metallic conduction, whereas the matter conveyance during the process of electrolytic conduction. Another name of metallic conduction is electronic conduction, whereas another name of electrolytic conduction is the ionic conduction.

Metallic conduction is the transport of free electrons of conductors from one end to the other end on the flip side; electrolytic conduction is the movement of negative and positive ions in the solution. There is no chemical fluctuations occur during the metallic conduction, whereas there is chemical fluctuations occur during the electrolytic conduction. Metallic conduction occurs in conductors, while electrolytic conduction occurs in solvents or solutions.

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Comparison Chart

Metallic ConductionElectrolytic Conduction
Metallic conduction is the passage of the electric current with the help of free electrons in the conductors.Electrolytic conduction is the passage of electric current with the help of ions in the solutions.
Occurrence
In conductorsIn the solvents or solutions
Composition of Matter
It does not change.It changes.
Decomposition of Matter
Does not occurAlways occur
Effect of Temperature
It decreases with the increase in temperature.It increases with the increase in temperature.
Helper
Free electronsIons of solution
Another Name
Electronic conductionIonic conduction
Chemical Change
It does not occurAlways occur

What is Metallic Conduction?

Metallic conduction defines as the channel for the conduction of electric current with the help of free moving electrons of the substance. The pathway for metallic conduction starts decreasing as the temperature of the system increases gradually. Metallic conduction also refers to electronic conduction. The main helpers in metallic conduction are free electrons of the matter.

The gradual decrease in mass of the transporting system does not mainly occur in metallic conduction. This process also refers to the never occur any chemical change of the matter. The specific change in the composition of the matter is not associated with the metallic conduction. The substance that is involved in the conduction of electric current through free electrons is called conductors.

The example of metallic conduction is that the metallic conduction is very common in metallic conductors such as silver, copper, gold, iron, etc.

What is Electrolytic Conduction?

Electrolytic conduction defines as the channel for the conduction of electric current with the help of free ions of the solutions or solvents. The pathway for the electrolytic conduction starts increasing as the temperature of the system increases gradually. Electrolytic conduction is also known as the ionic conduction. The main helper in electrolytic conduction is free and scattered ions of the solution.

The gradual decrease in the mass of the transporting system mainly occurs in electrolytic conduction. This process also refers to the chemical change in the matter. The specific change in the composition of matter is always associated with electrolytic conduction. The solutions that are used to channelize the electricity or electric current through ions are called electrolytes, such as copper sulfate or sulphuric acid, etc.

The example of the electrolytic conduction is that the electrolytic conduction is very common in electrolytic cells such as galvanic cell, voltaic cell, etc. for the conduction of electric current inside the cell.

Key Differences

  1. Metallic conduction is the channel of the electricity through the movement of free electrons in the conductors, whereas the electrolytic conduction is the channel of electricity through the movement of ions in the solutions.
  2. In metallic conduction, there is no variation occur in the arrangement of the conductor; on the other hand, in electrolytic conduction, there is a total difference occur in the arrangement of the solution.
  3. The deterioration of matter does not happen during the process of metallic conduction; on the flip side, deterioration of the matter essentially happens during the process of electrolytic conduction.
  4. There is a decrease in transmission through the metallic conduction with the rise in temperature; on the contrary, there is a rise in transmission through the electrolytic conduction with the rise in temperature.
  5. The matter does not damage during the process of metallic conduction, whereas the matter damage during the process of electrolytic conduction.
  6. Metallic conduction is known as the electronic conduction, whereas the electrolytic conduction known as the ionic conduction.
  7. Metallic conduction is the movement of free valence electrons of conductors from one end to the other end of the matter; on the flip side, electrolytic conduction is the movement of negative and positive ions in the solution.
  8. There are no chemical fluctuations occur during the metallic conduction, whereas there is chemical fluctuation occurs during the electrolytic conduction.
  9. Metallic conduction happens in metallic conductors; on the other hand, the electrolytic conduction happens in liquid solvents or solutions.

Conclusion

The above discussion concludes that the metallic conduction and electrolytic conduction are the pathways for the conduction of electric current. Metallic conduction is the pathway for the conduction of electric current with the help of free electrons of conductors, whereas the electrolytic conduction is the pathway for the conduction of electric current with the help of free ions in a solution.

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Harlon Moss

Harlon currently works as a quality moderator and content writer for Difference Wiki. He graduated from the University of California in 2010 with a degree in Computer Science. Follow him on Twitter @HarlonMoss