# Magnetic Force vs. Electric Force

The main difference between magnetic force and electric force is that moving charges create magnetic force, whereas both moving and static charges can create the electric force. ## Key Differences

The unit of the magnetic force is Tesla; on the other hand, the unit of the electric force is volt/meter or newton/coulomb.
Both magnetic and electric force oscillate at right angles to one another.
The magnetic force is produced by moving charges, whereas the electric force is produced and acted on both static and moving charges.
The magnetic force analyzes by getting the info of electric charge in addition to speed is needed; on the contrary, to estimate the electric force, the electric charge is needed to check because the electric field force is proportional to it.
Magnetic force doesn’t diverge because they are conservative while electric force diverges from a point source because they don’t have to be strictly conservative.
Magnetic force is produced and found around a moving electric charge, and a magnet whereas electric force is produced due to the presence of voltage and can easily found around the wires and appliances where the voltage is present.
In magnetic force, electromagnetic field absorbs VARS (Inductive); conversely, in an electric force, electromagnetic field generates VARS (capacitive).
B denotes the magnetic force, whereas the electric force denoted by E.

## Comparison Chart

### .

The force around the external magnetic field where poles exhibit a force of attraction or repulsion by moving of electric charges is called a magnetic force.
Both moving and statically charged particles positive or negative are responsible for producing electric force.

### Unit

Tesla (Newton*Second)/(Coulomb*Meter)
Volt/meter or Newton/coulomb

B
E

F=qv ×B
F=qE

### Pole

Dipole
Monopole or dipole

### Movement in the Electromagnetic Field

Perpendicular to the electric force.
Perpendicular to the magnetic force.

### Electromagnetic Field

Absorbs VARS (Inductive)
Generates VARS (Capacitive)

### Forces

Proportional to charge and speed of electric charge
Proportional to the electric charge.

Magnetometer
Electrometer

Vector
Vector

### Type of Charge

North or South pole.
Negative or positive charge.

### Dimension

Remain in three dimensions.
Exist in two dimensions.

### Loop

It forms a closed loop.
Do not form a closed loop.

### Work

It cannot do work (speed of particles remain constant).
It can do work (speed and direction of particle charges).

### Magnetic Force vs. Electric Force

Moving charged particles produce magnetic force, whereas both moving and static charges produce electric force. Magnetic force doesn’t diverge because they are conservative while electric force diverges from a point source because they don’t have to be strictly conservative. The unit of the magnetic force is Tesla; on the other hand, the unit of the electric force is volt/meter or newton/coulomb. The magnetic force is analyzed by measuring the charges in addition to speed; on the contrary, to estimate the electric force, the electric charges are measured alone because the electric force is proportional to it. Both magnetic and electric force oscillate at right angles to one another. In magnetic force, electromagnetic field absorbs VARS (Inductive); conversely, in an electric force, electromagnetic field generates VARS (capacitive). Magnetic force is produced and found around a moving electric charge, and a magnet whereas electric force is produced due to the presence of voltage and can easily found around the wires and appliances where the voltage is present. Magnetic force measured in milliGauss (mG). B denotes the magnetic force, whereas the electric force denoted by E.

### What is a Magnetic Force?

The force around the external magnetic field where poles show a force of repulsion or attraction by moving of both electric charges is called a magnetic force. The magnetic force has a South pole and a North pole. The magnetic force created when there is a presence of electric charges around the external magnetic force. When the amount of flowing current increases, the level of the magnetic force increases. The occurrence and strength of a magnetic force are denoted by ‘magnetic flux lines” obtained by electric charges. These lines also indicate the magnetic force direction. The stronger the magnetic force when nearer the lines, and vice versa. The magnetic force is also a vector quantity, so it means it has a direction and magnitude. B symbolizes the magnetic force. The unit of magnetic force is Tesla. Magnetic force measured in milliGauss (mG). In the magnetic force, electromagnetic field absorbs VARS (Inductive). The magnetic force is only one dipole. The magnetic force forms a closed loop. The magnetic force cannot do work as the speed of particles remains constant around the external magnetic field. Both magnetic and electric force oscillate at right angles to one another. Magnetic force doesn’t diverge because they are conservative.

### What is the Electric Force?

The static electrical charge particles positive or negative, are responsible for producing electric force. An electric force is used to happens wherever a voltage is existing. The electric force generates around appliances and wires where a voltage exists. The electric force is also a vector quantity, so it has magnitude and direction. The electric force symbolized by E. The unit of the electric force is Volt/meter or Newton/coulomb. The strength of an electric force decreases as we move away from the cause. It may exist self-reliant like in the absence of a magnetic force; an electric force exists in the form of static electricity/charges. Both magnetic and electric force oscillate at right angles to one another. In the electric force, the electromagnetic field generates VARS (Capacitive). The electric force may be monopole or dipole. Electrometer measures the electric force. Many objects act as a barrier in electric force, such as trees or the walls of buildings.