Difference Between Communism and Democracy

Main Difference

The main difference between communism and democracy is that in communism, the government has the control over the production and distribution of resources and shares it in the society equally whereas in a democracy there is freedom of owning the business and utilizing the product.

Communism vs. Democracy

Communism and Democracy are the two different political ideologies/philosophies. These ideologies dictate how political systems should be managed. Communism and democracy have rendered great impact in the world and are considered to be more liberal than some other political, ideological alternatives (i.e., conservative or fascist ideologies). Communism is a political ideology which is based on common ownership, concerned with equality and fairness. The government provides what people need, and everyone has an abundance to consume. Democracy is a political system of governance. It is either carried out by the people directly or by elected representatives. Everything is decided by the citizens, who have an equal say in decisions that impact people in general. Communism is a political and social ideology which stands for the establishment of a classless, egalitarian, and stateless society. It explains how government and social organization will be established. Democracy stands for equality in society. A group of elected representatives governs it, and they are bound to fulfill the wishes of society. Communism does not allow individuals to own anything. According to communism, all property is public, and the government will decide that who need it. In a democracy, individuals can own personal properties like homes and businesses. Moreover, in communism, a group of people has the power to decide the course of action. This group decides on the activities of the public, and it may interfere in the public life of others. In a democracy, free enterprising is allowed, and the people or groups can have their businesses.

Comparison Chart

CommunismDemocracy
A system of the establishment for a classless, stateless, and egalitarian societyA political system of governance carried out by the elected representatives by the people
Private Property
AbolishedPermitted
Religion
AbolishedPermitted
Power Vested
In a group of peopleIn elected representatives
Cons
Single part control over societyMajorities can abuse minorities

What is Communism?

Communism is a socialist movement. It aims to create a society without class or money. Communism is a political ideology which is based on common ownership, concerned with equality and fairness. The government provides what people need, and everyone has an abundance to consume. Communism is both a political and social ideology which stands for the establishment of a classless, egalitarian, and stateless society. It explains how government and social organization will be established. Communism does not allow individuals to own anything. According to communism, all property is public, and the government will decide that who need it. Communism first emerged as a political doctrine after the French Revolution. In communism, a group of people has the power to decide the course of action. This group decides on the activities of the public, and it may interfere in the public life of others. As an ideology, communism imagines a free society without any division. It visions a society that is free from oppression and scarcity. The proletariat (working class) overthrows the capitalist system in a social revolution. The religion is abolished in a communist state.

Famous Communists

  • Hammer, red star, and sickle are universal symbols of communism
  • Chen Duxiu
  • Leon Trotsky
  • Vladimir Lenin
  • Karl Marx
  • Friedrich Engels

What is Democracy?

Democracy is a political system of governance. It is either carried out by the people directly or by elected representatives. Everything is decided by the citizens, who have an equal position for the decisions that impact people in general. Democracy stands for equality in society. A group of elected representatives governs it, and they are bound to fulfill the wishes of society. In a democracy, free enterprising is allowed, and the people or groups can have their businesses. It leads to rich and poor in society. Democracy is a system of government that gives all the citizens equal rights. Personal choice is valued in democracy, but there are limitations in the laws that are implemented by the majority rule government to set guidelines and maintain order. The system of democracy is based on the principle of equality and freedom. These liberties and freedoms are protected by the constitution. Democracy originated in ancient Greece (in Athens). The first-ever democracy was established in 508-7 BC. Athenians randomly selected representatives to fill judicial offices and government administrations. The legislative assembly was made up of the Athenian citizens with the right to speak and vote. But it excluded women, foreigners, slaves, and anyone under the age of 20.

Forms of Democracy

  • Representative
  • Presidential
  • Constitutional
  • Parliamentary
  • Direct democracy
  • Constitutional monarchies

Key Differences

  1. Communism is a political ideology which is based on common ownership, concerned with equality and fairness, whereas democracy is a political system of governance. It is either carried out by the people directly or by elected representatives.
  2. In communism, the government provides what people need, and everyone has an abundance to consume on the other hand in democracy, everything is decided by the citizens, who have an equal say in decisions that impact people in general.
  3. In communism, a group of people has the power. This group decides every action while democracy is a rule by the people, and the elected group representatives are bound to fulfill all the wishes of society.
  4. Communism does not allow individuals to own anything. All property is public in communism, and the government will decide that who need it conversely in democracy allow individuals to own personal properties like homes and businesses.
  5. Communism is a political and social ideology which stands for the establishment of a classless, egalitarian, and stateless society on the flip side; democracy stands for equality in society.

Conclusion

Communism and democracy are the two political ideologies or systems of governance within a country. Both these form of government are different from each other.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson

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