The main difference between Energy and Matter is that Energy is formed from Matter, and it is the capacity to do work, whereas Matter is present in physical form in the universe.
Energy vs. Matter
Energy is described for a specific property that an object could possess, whereas matter is designated for “objects.” Energy is used by physical and chemical processes to do work; on the other hand, the matter requires energy to transport and to work.
Energy does not have any mass; on the flip side, matter consists of mass. Energy can travel at the speed of light; on the contrary, the matter cannot travel at the speed of light. Energy does not have a temperature; on the other hand, in the state of matter, there is an effect of temperature on change.
In energy transformation, the energy changes from one form to another form, and it occurs at every second of the day and everywhere, while in the transformation of matter, the matter transition occurs from one phase to another phase. The many different forms of energy are thermal, nuclear, mechanical, electrical, electromagnetic, chemical, and sound; on the contrary, the different phase transitions of matter are solid, liquid, and gas, and in rare cases also plasma.
Energy is the main cause of observable action of matter; on the other hand, the matter is a visible thing; the matter is changeable to energy by the relation of E =mc2.
What is Energy?
Energy is defined as the ability to cause a change in something or to do work. In terms of physics, energy is the specific property of matter, and energy can be transferred between objects and can be converted from one form to another form.
The most importer fact about energy is that it cannot be created nor destroyed, which is stated by The Law of Conservation of Mass. This law also states that energy could only be converted from one form to another form. The example of this law would be heated, which is released from a burning natural gas stove in which the heat was originally stored in the form of chemical energy, so it does not leave; rather, it changes from chemical energy to heat.
There are three types of energy: Mass-energy, Potential energy (stored energy), and kinetic energy (moving energy). The many different forms of energy are thermal, nuclear, mechanical, electrical, electromagnetic, chemical, and sound.
Types of Energy
- Mass-Energy: This type of energy is associated with the mass f an object. If an object consists of a mass m, then the energy E, which is associated with the mass, would be given by the famous equation of Einstein, which explains mass-energy equivalence: E=mc2, where ‘c’ is the speed of light in vacuum.
- Potential Energy: Potential energy is also known as the stored energy in which the one particle interacts with another particle. The different types of potential energy are Electrical potential energy (basically for charged particles in the electric fields), and Gravitational potential energy for massive particles in the gravitational fields).
- Kinetic Energy: The energy of an object that is present due to its motion is known as kinetic energy. When an object moves faster, the more the kinetic energy that an object has. Kinetic energy is given as 1/2mv2 in classical physics. Though, kinetic energy is defined in terms of momentum ‘p’ of an object in relativity.
What is Matter?
Matter does not have a straightforward definition, but from the above mentioned, it defines as the “thing that consists of mass and occupies space.” In other words, it is described as the “stuff,” which is present in the universe and from which all the universe is made.
The substances which are involved in the formation of the matter are known as elements that consist of particular physical and chemical properties. The elements of matter cannot be easily broken down into other substances through ordinary chemical reactions.
All matter is eventually broken down into small particles known as elements from which it is made, and it has three properties viz., mass, volume, and density. There are presently four fundamental states of matter: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma.
Properties of Matter
- Mass: Mass is involved in the formation of the body, and it is the amount of matter that consists of some shape and size. So, everything in the universe like the scooter, the elephant, etc. all have mass. The mass of the object could be calculated by the weight of the object to measure how much that object occupies matter or mass. Mass is typically measured in grams or kilograms, and sometimes it is also measured in pounds and ounces.
- Volume: Volume is the property of matter which occupies space. Volume is often measured in cubic meters, liters, and milliliters. Volume can also be measured in pints, gallons, and cups.
- Density: Density is that specific property of matter, which is used to tell that how much can a matter fits into a certain space. Density is usually measured in grams per cubic centimeter.
- Anything that can do work is known as its energy, whereas all the physical stuff which is present in the universe is made up of matter.
- Energy does not have any mas and also does not occupy space; on the other hand, matter consists of mass and occupy space.
- The specific property that an object possesses is described by the energy; on the contrary, the matter usually describes an object.
- Energy cannot be created nor destroyed but can be converted from one form to another form; on the flip side, and the matter can be broken down into many other substances and also can be converted from one physical form to another.
- Thermal, nuclear, mechanical, electrical, electromagnetic, chemical, and sound are many different forms of energy in which it converts; on the contrary, solid, liquid, and gas, and in some rare cases also plasma is the different phase transitions of matter.
The above discussion concludes that energy and matter are two different states in which their basic difference is that energy does not have any mass, and it is the ability to do work, while matter occupies space and mass, and the matter requires energy to do work.