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Romantic Poetry vs. Victorian Poetry

The main difference between Romantic Poetry and Victorian Poetry is that Romantic Poetry felt respect and love for nature, whereas Victorian Poetry considers nature more actual, but not more perfect.

Key Differences

Romantic Poetry affected by nature; on the other hand, Victorian Poetry was affected by science and technology.
Romantic Poetry expresses emotions, and affections, on the flip side, Victorian poetry was more realistic.
Janet White
Sep 02, 2020
Romantic Poetry uses supernatural items; conversely, Victorian Poetry uses classical items.
Romantic Poetry deals with love, romance, subjectivity, and personal feelings, so Victorian Poetry dealt with industrialization, science, and technology.
Romantic Poetry age was early 18th c to 19thc, whereas the Victorian Poetry age started from 1837- 1901.

Comparison Chart


Romantic poetry deals with beauty, imagination, and feelings as the most important subjects.
Victorian Poetry is the revival of British history in the reign of Queen Victoria.


Victorian Age, late 18thc and early 19thc
1837 to 1900


The main focus was on nature, beauty, emotions, personal feelings, subjectivity.
The main focus was middle ages, past, heroic deeds, dominant characters, chivalry knights, and morals.


Individualism, freedom, irrational thinking, and imagination
Sensational, revival of religion, rationale, science study

Romantic Poetry vs. Victorian Poetry

Romantic Poetry was primarily inclined by nature or environment and observed nature in an uncompromising and romantic or idealistic light, whereas Victorian Poetry was about inclined by technological and scientific findings of the era or period.

Romantic Poetry was ongoing in the era of ’70s in Europe throughout the romantic period (intellectual and artistic movement); on the other hand, Victorian Poetry throughout Queen Victoria’s sovereignty (1837-1901).

The attentiveness of Romantic Poetry is to give emphasis to the influence of man’s relationship and imagination and to the mystical; on the flip side, the attentiveness of Victorian Poetry is not only the experiences and views of the poet; another person or being can be intricate, and man as it does not a second nature however as the ruler or monarch of it.

The linguistic of romantic poetry is full of expressions, conventional, dramatic and expressive, emotionally charged, the praise of nature, and flowery language. The linguistic of Victorian Poetry is a modern language, medieval text, grayness of life is brought out, can be easily understood, industrialization, and realistic.

What is Romantic Poetry?

According to Wordsworth, ‘Poetry’ is the continuous flood of strong imaginations. It gets its starting point from feelings, recollected in calm. Thus, Romantic Poetry is the real flow of feelings, and concepts of someone’s imaginations. ‘Nature’ greatly inspired the romantic poets. Nature was the best subject for them to get admiration as it offers them calm, peace, and hearty satisfaction. Super naturalism, pastoral life, middle ages, love, nature, and beauty are the main characteristics/features of Romantic Poetry. Wordsworth, William Blake, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Lord Byron, and John Keats were the dominant Romantic poets.


  • Lord Byron’s childe Harold’s pilgrimage
  • Shelley’s song to the man of England
  • Wordsworth’s lines composed a few miles above Tintern Abbey and solitary reaper
  • Keats’s ode to a nightingale and ode on a Grecian

Type OF

  • Influenced by Nature
  • Wonderment, Romance, emotional aspects involved
  • Supernatural elements
  • Alarmingly dramatic and expressive

What is the Victorian Poetry?

The word “Victorian poetry” denotes to poetry transcribed first and foremost for the duration of 1832–1901, the maximum of which was throughout Queen Victoria’s power time. Victorian poetry uses descriptions, depending on the minds to come to be the message of the poet’s crossways. The poets unsurprisingly portray a great deal of passion and emotion about their focus. Poets were concerned in medieval myths, which often became their subjects of conversation. Victorian poetry also expression the scrap between science and religion.

Mostly, we find Victorian poets depend upon the imaginations and sensations to define the difference between religion and science. When there was the Victorian era, Britain entangles in several social and economic issues. In this regard, Mathew Arnold arises firstly to contribute to Victorian Poetry.

Realism and naturalism also played an important role in Victorian Poetry. In the late 19thc, naturalism also appeared to be used by the Victorian poets. In this century, Victorian Poetry also seems to change its style and thoughts. Robert Browning, Thomas Hardy, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and Alfred Tennyson are the dominant poets of the Victorian age. Hopkins was the follower of great scholar ‘Duns Scouts.’ Mathew Arnold’s ‘Dover Beach’ and Thomas Hardy’s ‘good Gray poet,’ are the finest examples of Victorian Poetry.

Type Of

  • Influenced by science, innovations, and technology
  • Down to earth
  • Less emotional
  • Realistic
  • Occasional poetry is written to describe a particular event
  • Human misery was showcased

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