Direct Democracy vs. Indirect Democracy

Main Difference

The main difference between Direct Democracy and Indirect Democracy is that Direct Democracy where the people vote or elect directly on the laws or other issues that proposed. Indirect democracy where the people elect representatives who vote on laws on behalf of the people.

Direct Democracy vs. Indirect Democracy — Is There a Difference?

Difference Between Direct Democracy and Indirect Democracy

Direct Democracy vs. Indirect Democracy

Direct democracy described as the structure of the government, wherein the implementation of laws is possible by the general vote of all the people. On the contrary, indirect democracy is that type of government in which the people vote for the representatives who are empowered to decide on their behalf.

Direct Democracy vs. Indirect Democracy

In a direct democracy, the whole community forms the legislature. As against, in an indirect democracy, the chosen representatives of the winning party forms the government and are a part of the legislature.

Direct Democracy vs. Indirect Democracy

In a direct democracy the determinations relating to government policies, laws, and other issues, are taken by the citizens. Conversely, in an indirect democracy, the citizens choose their illustrations, takes decisions on the formulation of laws and policies.

Direct Democracy vs. Indirect Democracy

While direct democracy is best suitable for small countries, indirect democracy is suitable for large countries.


Comparison Chart

Direct DemocracyIndirect Democracy
Direct democracy applies to a form of government wherein citizens out rightly play a part in the administration of the government.Indirect democracy applies a democracy in which people vote or elect for their substitute, to represent them in the Parliament.
Whole community forms an assembly.Representatives of the winning party form a government and are a part of the assembly.
The people themselves determine government policies.People elect their representatives to take determination on government policies.
Countries whose population size is small.Countries whose population size is large.

Direct Democracy vs. Indirect Democracy

Direct democracy conjures to the system in which people has the right to take part in the decision making process. On the contrary, indirect democracy asserts a democracy in which the citizens elect their representative, to actively participate in the management of the government and act on their behalf. In a direct democracy, people directly vote on whether a law will be passed. But in indirect democracy, people only choose the representatives who will then make the law.

What is Direct Democracy?

Direct democracy, occasionally called “pure democracy,” is a form of democracy in which all laws and policies compulsory by governments are determined by the people themselves, rather than by representatives who are chosen by the people. In a real direct democracy, all laws, bills and even court resolution are voted on by all citizens. This can occur in the form of a group democracy or by incipient and mandate with ballot voting, with direct voting on issues alternatively for candidates or parties. Few times the term is also used for electing illustrations in a direct vote as conflicting to indirect elections (by voting for an electing body, electoral college, etc.) as well as for recalling elected officeholders. Direct democracy understood as a full-scale system of political institutions, but in modern times, it means most often specific decision-making institutions in the broader system environment of representative democracy.


  • Full Government Transparency: Undoubtedly, no other type of democracy make sure a greater degree of sincerity and transparency among the people and their government. Discussions and debates on major issues held in public. Also, all successes or failures of the society can be accredited to – or accused of – the people, rather than the government.
  • More Government Accountability: Suggesting the people a straight and obvious voice through their votes, direct democracy needs a great level of responsibility on the part of the government. The government cannot request it was unaware of or unclear on the desire of the people. Intervention in the legislative process from supporter political parties and special interest groups largely eradicated.
  • Greater Citizen Cooperation: In theory at the least, people are more likely to happily obey with laws they create themselves. Moreover, people who know that their views will make a difference, they more eager to take part in the processes of government.

What is Indirect Democracy?

Indirect democracy is a type of democratic government in which voters choose delegates to create the laws of government on their behalf. In this type of democracy representatives of the people are chosen to govern the country. Those chosen or elected people carry the feelings, sentiments, and problems of the people and make decisions. Since the modern states are much greater in size and population, it is not possible for all the citizens to take part directly in the affairs of the state; indirect democracy established in almost all the modern states. Under this system, people elect their representatives for a time who run the administration. If they do not work according to the wishes of the people and for their welfare, they changed at the time of the next elections. This form of democracy practiced in nations where the number of residents is so high that direct representation would probably be too difficult or would go wrong. The whole concept of indirect democracy depends on people’s ability to express their wishes to their representatives. In an indirect democracy, political responsibility is held by a small group of privileged members of parliament, in turn leaving a large section of the population without direct representation.


  • It is efficient.
  • It can arise with a well-balanced decision.
  • It lets people elect their officials.
  • It ensures better citizen representation.
  • It makes it simpler for the government to address problems.
  • It encourages participation.

Direct democracy is an obvious democracy that is suitable for the countries where citizenry size is less. Though, it cannot be adept in a country with a large citizenry size, and where the conclusion has to be taken by thousands of people. As a result of this flaw, substitute or indirect democracy came into being that overcomes the drawbacks of the direct democracy.