Difference Between Communism and Fascism

Main Difference

The main difference between the terms communism and fascism is that the communism is defined as “from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs” whereas fascism is the idea that a state must gain glory through constant war and conquest.

Communism vs. Fascism

Communism and fascism are different in their ideology and many other aspects. Communism is a political ideology which is based on common ownership, concerned with equality and fairness. The government provides what people need, and everyone has an abundance to consume. Fascism is an ideology which tries to bring together radical and authoritarian nationalism. Communism is a political and social ideology which stands for the establishment of a classless, egalitarian, and stateless society. It explains how government and social organization will be established. Fascism believes in corporatism, nationalism, militarism, and totalitarianism (including economic planning, economic nationalism, social and dictatorship interventionism). Communism does not allow individuals to own anything. According to communism, all property is public, and the government will decide that who need it. The state has control over everything in fascism. In simple words, Communism refers to state ownership, and fascism refers to state control. Communism is defined as “from each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs.” Fascism is the idea that a state must gain glory through constant war and conquest. Communism derives from French “communism” meaning common. It became popular after the Bolshevik Revolution of Russia in 1917. Fascism derives from Italian “fascio” meaning bundle. It became popular between 1919 and 1945. Communism is a system that is based on the theory of economic equality. It advocates for a society where there is no differentiation between the wealthy and the poor. Fascism is based on a top-down system in which rigid class roles that are led by a dictator.

Comparison Chart

CommunismFascism
A political and social ideology which stands for the establishment of a classless, egalitarian, and stateless societyAn ideology which tries to bring together radical and authoritarian nationalism
Means of control
State ownershipState control
Origin
From French “communism” meaning commonFrom Italian “fascio” meaning bundle
Private Property
AbolishedNominally permitted
Status
All are equalThe state is on top of everything

What is Communism?

Communism is a socialist movement. It aims to create a society without class or money. Communism is a political ideology which is based on common ownership, concerned with equality and fairness. The government provides what people need, and everyone has an abundance to consume. Communism is both a political and social ideology which stands for the establishment of a classless, egalitarian, and stateless society. On-paper, Communism is “left-wing socialism,” which focused on social equality. It explains how government and social organization will be established. Communism derives from French “communism” meaning common. It became popular after the Bolshevik Revolution of Russia in 1917. Communism does not allow individuals to own anything. According to communism, all property is public, and the government will decide that who need it. Communism first emerged as a political doctrine after the French Revolution. In communism, a group of people has the power to decide the course of action. This group decides on the activities of the public, and it may interfere in the public life of others. As an ideology, communism imagines a free society without any division. It visions a society that is free from oppression and scarcity. The proletariat (working class) overthrows the capitalist system in a social revolution. The religion is abolished in a communist state. The theory of communism originates from the book, “The Communist Manifesto” by Karl Marx and Friederich Engels (1848).

Famous Communists

  • Hammer, red star, and sickle are universal symbols of communism
  • Chen Duxiu
  • Leon Trotsky
  • Vladimir Lenin
  • Karl Marx
  • Friedrich Engels

What is Fascism?

Fascism is an ideology which tries to bring together radical and authoritarian nationalism. Fascism is the idea that a state must gain glory through constant war and conquest. Fascism believes in corporatism (includes economic planning), nationalism (includes economic nationalism), militarism, and totalitarianism (social and dictatorship interventionism). The state has control over everything in fascism. It is based on a top-down system in which rigid class roles that are led by a dictator. In simple words, Fascism derives from Italian “fascio” meaning bundle. It became popular between 1919 and 1945. The term Fascism has become an epithet for all the bad things. Fascism is a social right-wing hierarchical evolution of socialism that focused on exclusive social hierarchy and nationalism, which may or may not implement a socialist economy. On-paper fascists are anti-globalists and nationalists who call for a totalitarian hierarchical state which is based on merit and race. Also, fascism seeks to destroy its enemy. Fascism originally referred to the Fascists under the Benito Mussolini. The general problem with Fascism is that the forced hierarchy lends itself to a despotic military state which is devoid of liberty. One of the authoritative document of Fascism is “The Doctrine of Fascism. Fascists think only at a national level. No human values exist outside the state for them. Fascism believes that nothing is above, outside or against the State, and everything is within the State.

Fascist Leaders

  • Hitler
  • Mussolini

Key Differences

  1. Communism is a political ideology which is based on common ownership, concerned with equality and fairness, whereas fascism is an ideology which tries to bring together radical and authoritarian nationalism.
  2. Communism refers to the state ownership conversely fascism refers to the state control.
  3. Communism is a political and social ideology which stands for the establishment of a classless, egalitarian, and stateless society. On the other hand, fascism believes in corporatism, nationalism, militarism, and totalitarianism.
  4. The word communism derives from French “communism” meaning common while fascism derives from Italian “fascio” meaning bundle.
  5. Communism became famous after the Bolshevik Revolution of Russia in 1917 on the flip side Fascism became famous between 1919 and 1945.

Conclusion

Communism and fascism are considered by many as the two sides of the same coin. But both the systems are different from each other in many ways.

Author:

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson

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