Difference Between Declarative and Imperative


Main Difference

The main difference between Declarative and Imperative is that Declarative sentences are straightforward statements that deliver some information, whereas Imperative sentences are using to express commands or requests.

Declarative vs. Imperative

Declarative sentences provide the realities and information, whereas the imperative sentences give instructions or guidance. In declarative statements, subject and verbs are conveying while in the imperative statement, there is no subject declaration. That’s why the writing of an imperative sentence is a little bit different rather than other types of sentences because it has no subject.

Declarative sentences are the base maybe structure of any writing, but imperative sentences are not very common in writing but play a significant role in speaking. In declarative sentences, subjects are different according to a sentence, whereas in imperative sentence subject is always a listener.


Declarative sentences always start with the subject; on the other hand, imperative sentences generally start with a verb. Declarative sentences are using when you say ‘’what you want’’ whereas imperative sentences are using when you say ‘’how to get what you want’’.

Declarative sentences always end with full stop though they are simple sentences, that’s why it depends on the tone of speaking whether a person is asking something or telling some information. On the other hand, imperative sentences always end with a full stop or an exclamatory mark; that’s why imperative shows all expressions by using words in sentences.

Declarative sentences are about two words long, whereas imperative sentences depend on one verb. Declarative sentences have subjects and also have a predicate, while imperative sentences are free of subjects, that’s why in the imperative subject is always a second person. Declarative sentences are the ones that are using most often in academic writing, while imperative sentences are not using in academic writing.


Comparison Chart

Describe any action or speechGives instructions or advice
End With
End with periodEnd with an exclamation mark or a period.
Has subjectHas no subject
At least two words long.Consist of one verb.

What is Declarative?

Declarative sentences are simple sentences that pass on facts and information. Declarative sentences are the most significant and common type of statements in the English language. These sentences express the actualities and provide an opinion and tell something specific. It consistently finishes with a period.

A declarative verdict is using to compose in the current tense and expresses a straight report. It is also using as multiple and straightforward or compound sentences. A modest declarative verdict covers a subject and a verb. For instance, she sings, He runs, I love pizza, dogs are cute, etc.

Another is a compound declarative sentence; they connect dual linked phrases or sentences — the sayings associated with a comma and a combination such as yet, and, or but. The sayings also combined using a semicolon, with or without a change just like, however, besides or therefore. Here are showing some examples, he wants to play football, but she wants to play basketball. Another example is, they play the piano and sig too.

Declarative sentences are the basic structure to start any conversation and all types of writing. Currently, we have come to identify that declarative sentences make such declaration that completely simple, delivers the facts or opinion, and end in a full stop. Declarative sentences help the reader to state what is exactly going on directly. As completely distinguish, Declarative sentences are the maximum common type of verdicts; that’s why they invention in most writing, from artistic writing to commercial letters.

Declarative sentences seem very simple to understand at the start because they are so common, typically these statement crossbreeds are more common in language. We only have to use a little higher tone of our voice near the end of the sentence to point out that we are asking a question or providing information—top of the form and bottom of the way.

What is Imperative?

An imperative verdict is a kind of sentence that delivers directions or commands and expresses some skill, like how to pass an instruction, a direction, or an invitation. Imperative sentences finish with a full stop or exclamatory mark. Just like, sit down.

Imperative sentences frequently seem with lost subjects and use a verb to start the sentence. The subject is that the person who is listening or maybe the audience who are getting instructions. In other words, we can say if an imperative sentence is directing at you, then definitely you are the subject of that sentence.

An imperative sentence performs a very imperative part of writing as well as in speaking. Though it is not very common in letter writing, but very essential in regular conversational language; moreover, it is frequently using in advertisements, instructions, directions, and road signs. Authors, most of the time, use imperatives sentences to offer strong and straightforward directions or to express anger, correspondence, attachment, and affection through their words.

Imperative sentences inform the people what they have to do. Imperative sentences are more deliberate; their objective is to speak with individuals either to do or not to do something. Using imperative sentences is pretty easy because we all the time use without even noticing. These sentences depend on the tone of voice, and it decides whether it ends in a period or exclamation. Imperative sentences are typically short; they can be as short as one word.

Key Differences

  1. Declarative tell information, opinions, and facts, whereas imperative tells issue commands and requests.
  2. Declarative sentences end with a full stop; on the other hand, imperative ends with a full stop or exclamation mark.
  3. Declarative sentences are at least two words long. Conversely, imperatives consist of one verb.
  4. Declarative sentences are made of a subject and predicate, whereas imperative does not have a subject.
  5. Declarative have different subjects. On the flip side, imperative always has the second person pronoun ‘you.’


Declarative sentences talk about information, and the word order of declarative is usually a subject than a verb. Still, Imperative sentences give a command, instructions, or make a request, and it always has a subject that is the second person is ”you.”

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson