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Aplastic Anemia vs. Leukemia: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sara Rehman || Published on February 13, 2024
Aplastic anemia is a bone marrow failure disorder causing reduced blood cell production, while leukemia is a cancer of blood-forming tissues, leading to excessive white blood cell production.

Key Differences

Aplastic anemia is characterized by the bone marrow's inability to produce sufficient blood cells, including red and white blood cells and platelets. Leukemia, in contrast, is a form of blood cancer where the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells in excessive quantities.
Sara Rehman
Feb 13, 2024
In aplastic anemia, patients suffer from symptoms related to low blood cell counts, such as fatigue, increased susceptibility to infections, and bleeding disorders. In leukemia, symptoms often include fatigue, frequent infections, and easy bruising, but are caused by the proliferation of abnormal white blood cells.
Huma Saeed
Feb 13, 2024
The cause of aplastic anemia can be idiopathic, or due to factors like toxins, radiation, or certain medications. Leukemia's etiology includes genetic and environmental factors, such as exposure to certain chemicals or radiation.
Sara Rehman
Feb 13, 2024
Treatment for aplastic anemia may involve blood transfusions, bone marrow stimulants, or in severe cases, bone marrow transplantation. Leukemia treatments vary depending on the type but often include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and sometimes bone marrow transplant.
Sara Rehman
Feb 13, 2024
The prognosis of aplastic anemia varies based on severity and response to treatment, with some cases being life-threatening. Leukemia's prognosis depends on the type and stage of cancer, patient's age, and response to treatment, with some forms being highly treatable.
Sara Rehman
Feb 13, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Definition

Bone marrow failure, reduced blood cell production
Cancer of blood-forming tissues, excessive white blood cell production
Sara Rehman
Feb 13, 2024

Symptoms

Fatigue, infections, bleeding disorders
Fatigue, frequent infections, bruising
Sara Rehman
Feb 13, 2024

Causes

Idiopathic, toxins, radiation
Genetic, environmental factors
Sara Rehman
Feb 13, 2024

Treatment

Blood transfusions, marrow stimulants, transplant
Chemotherapy, radiation, targeted therapy, transplant
Aimie Carlson
Feb 13, 2024

Prognosis

Varies, can be life-threatening
Depends on type and stage, varies
Harlon Moss
Feb 13, 2024
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Aplastic Anemia and Leukemia Definitions

Aplastic Anemia

Aplastic anemia is a condition of bone marrow failure.
He was diagnosed with aplastic anemia after showing symptoms of fatigue and bruising.
Sara Rehman
Jan 11, 2024

Leukemia

Leukemia is a type of blood cancer affecting white blood cells.
Leukemia patients often present with an abnormal white blood cell count.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 11, 2024

Aplastic Anemia

Aplastic anemia's prognosis depends on its severity.
Early diagnosis and treatment improve aplastic anemia's prognosis.
Sara Rehman
Jan 11, 2024

Leukemia

Leukemia treatment often involves chemotherapy.
Chemotherapy is a common treatment approach for many types of leukemia.
Sara Rehman
Jan 11, 2024

Aplastic Anemia

Aplastic anemia results in reduced blood cell production.
Aplastic anemia patients often require regular blood transfusions.
Sara Rehman
Jan 11, 2024

Leukemia

Leukemia's prognosis varies based on type and stage.
Early-stage leukemia has a better prognosis with appropriate treatment.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 11, 2024

Aplastic Anemia

Aplastic anemia can be caused by external factors like radiation.
Her aplastic anemia was linked to prolonged exposure to certain chemicals.
Sara Rehman
Jan 11, 2024

Leukemia

Leukemia leads to the production of abnormal blood cells.
The bone marrow in leukemia produces excessive, dysfunctional blood cells.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 11, 2024

Aplastic Anemia

Aplastic anemia treatment may include bone marrow transplant.
A bone marrow transplant can be a potential cure for severe aplastic anemia.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 11, 2024

Leukemia

Leukemia has various forms, including acute and chronic types.
Acute leukemia develops rapidly and requires immediate treatment.
Janet White
Jan 11, 2024

Leukemia

Any of various acute or chronic neoplastic diseases of the bone marrow in which unrestrained proliferation of white blood cells occurs, usually accompanied by anemia, impaired blood clotting, and enlargement of the lymph nodes, liver, and spleen.
Sara Rehman
Jan 11, 2024

Leukemia

Any of a class of types of cancer affecting the blood cells, especially the white blood cells (usually with massive leukocytosis), and the blood cell–forming (hematopoietic) tissues.
The subjects suffered from lymphoblastic and myeloid leukemias.
Sara Rehman
Jan 11, 2024

Leukemia

Malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues; characterized by abnormal proliferation of leukocytes; one of the four major types of cancer
Sara Rehman
Jan 11, 2024

FAQs

Are there different types of leukemia?

Yes, including acute and chronic forms.
Harlon Moss
Feb 13, 2024

What causes aplastic anemia?

Causes include idiopathic factors, toxins, and radiation.
Sara Rehman
Feb 13, 2024

How is aplastic anemia diagnosed?

Through blood tests and bone marrow biopsy.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 13, 2024

Can aplastic anemia be inherited?

Some forms can be hereditary, but most cases are acquired.
Sara Rehman
Feb 13, 2024

What lifestyle changes help manage aplastic anemia?

Avoiding toxic exposures and maintaining a healthy diet.
Sara Rehman
Feb 13, 2024

What age group is most affected by leukemia?

It can occur at any age, but some types are more common in certain age groups.
Harlon Moss
Feb 13, 2024

Can aplastic anemia turn into leukemia?

Rarely, but some patients may develop a related cancer.
Janet White
Feb 13, 2024

Can leukemia be cured?

Some types can be cured or managed effectively with treatment.
Sara Rehman
Feb 13, 2024

Is leukemia hereditary?

While not typically hereditary, some genetic factors increase risk.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 13, 2024

What is leukemia?

Leukemia is a cancer affecting blood-forming tissues.
Sara Rehman
Feb 13, 2024

Is aplastic anemia a form of cancer?

No, it's a bone marrow failure disorder.
Janet White
Feb 13, 2024

How is leukemia treated?

Treatments include chemotherapy, radiation, and targeted therapy.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 13, 2024

Does aplastic anemia affect a specific type of blood cell?

It affects all types: red cells, white cells, and platelets.
Sara Rehman
Feb 13, 2024

What are common symptoms of leukemia?

Symptoms include fatigue, frequent infections, and easy bruising.
Janet White
Feb 13, 2024

Can aplastic anemia be acute or chronic?

It's usually chronic but can have acute presentations.
Harlon Moss
Feb 13, 2024

How long is treatment for leukemia?

Treatment duration varies based on type and patient response.
Janet White
Feb 13, 2024

What is the survival rate for leukemia?

It varies widely based on type, stage, and individual factors.
Janet White
Feb 13, 2024

Is there a known prevention for aplastic anemia?

Avoiding known risk factors can reduce the risk, but not all cases are preventable.
Sara Rehman
Feb 13, 2024

Are blood transfusions common in aplastic anemia treatment?

Yes, they're often necessary to manage symptoms.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 13, 2024

Does leukemia affect children and adults differently?

Yes, the types and responses to treatment can vary by age.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 13, 2024
About Author
Written by
Sara Rehman
Sara Rehman is a seasoned writer and editor with extensive experience at Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Information Technology, she combines her academic prowess with her passion for writing to deliver insightful and well-researched content.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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