Difference Wiki

Naphthalene vs. Camphor: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sawaira Riaz || Published on February 13, 2024
Naphthalene is a hydrocarbon used as a moth repellent, while camphor, derived from the camphor tree, is used in medicine and as a fragrance.

Key Differences

Naphthalene is a hydrocarbon with a distinct two-ring structure, typically derived from coal tar or petroleum. Camphor, on the other hand, is an organic compound obtained from the wood of the camphor tree and characterized by its strong aroma.
Huma Saeed
Feb 13, 2024
Naphthalene is widely known for its use as a moth repellent and in the production of other chemicals. Camphor is utilized in medicinal applications, including as a topical analgesic and an anti-inflammatory, and in aromatherapy due to its strong, penetrating odor.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 13, 2024
Naphthalene appears as white, crystalline flakes with a strong, pungent odor and is insoluble in water. Camphor is also crystalline but is characterized by a waxy texture and is slightly soluble in water, with a strong, aromatic odor.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 13, 2024
Naphthalene is considered hazardous, with potential health risks if inhaled or ingested. Camphor, while also having toxic properties at high doses, is generally used in much safer, medicinal forms.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 13, 2024
Naphthalene has been used for decades in mothballs and as a pesticide. Camphor has a long history in traditional medicine, especially in Asia, and is also used in religious ceremonies and as a flavoring agent in some cuisines.
Harlon Moss
Feb 13, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Chemical Structure

Aromatic hydrocarbon with two rings
Organic compound with a characteristic odor
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 13, 2024

Primary Use

Moth repellent, chemical precursor
Medicinal applications, fragrance
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 13, 2024

Physical State

White, crystalline, pungent odor
Waxy, crystalline, aromatic odor
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 13, 2024

Solubility in Water

Insoluble
Slightly soluble
Aimie Carlson
Feb 13, 2024

Environmental Impact

Hazardous, toxic if inhaled
Toxic in high doses, used medicinally
Janet White
Feb 13, 2024
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Naphthalene and Camphor Definitions

Naphthalene

An aromatic hydrocarbon derived from coal tar.
The distinct smell of naphthalene originated from the newly opened package.
Huma Saeed
Jan 09, 2024

Camphor

Derived from the wood of the camphor tree, used in aromatherapy.
The soothing scent of camphor filled the spa.
Harlon Moss
Jan 09, 2024

Naphthalene

Naphthalene, a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, is used in chemical manufacturing.
The factory specializes in converting naphthalene into various industrial products.
Harlon Moss
Jan 09, 2024

Camphor

Camphor is used as a plasticizer and in the production of celluloid.
Camphor was added to the mixture to enhance the plastic's flexibility.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 09, 2024

Naphthalene

A volatile compound used as a pesticide.
Naphthalene flakes were scattered in the garden as a pest deterrent.
Harlon Moss
Jan 09, 2024

Camphor

A waxy, flammable substance with a strong aroma, used medicinally.
Camphor cream was applied to relieve muscle pain.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 09, 2024

Naphthalene

A white crystalline substance used in mothballs.
We placed naphthalene balls in the closet to prevent moth damage.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 09, 2024

Camphor

A substance with antifungal and antibacterial properties.
Camphor is included in some topical antifungal treatments.
Harlon Moss
Jan 09, 2024

Naphthalene

A compound with the molecular formula C10H8.
The chemical analysis confirmed the sample to be pure naphthalene.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 09, 2024

Camphor

A compound used in traditional medicine and religious ceremonies.
Camphor was burned during the ritual for its purifying fragrance.
Janet White
Jan 09, 2024

Naphthalene

A white crystalline aromatic compound, C10H8, derived from coal tar or petroleum and used in manufacturing dyes, moth repellents, and explosives and as a solvent. Also called tar camphor.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 06, 2024

Camphor

A fragrant white or colorless crystalline ketone, C10H16O, obtained naturally from the wood of the camphor tree or synthesized from pinene and used as an insect repellent, in the manufacture of film, plastics, lacquers, and in medicine chiefly in external preparations to relieve mild pain and itching.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 06, 2024

Naphthalene

A white crystalline hydrocarbon manufactured from coal tar; used in mothballs.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 06, 2024

Camphor

(organic compound) A white transparent waxy crystalline isoprenoid ketone, 1,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-one, with a strong pungent odour, used in pharmacy.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 06, 2024

Naphthalene

(organic compound) An aromatic bicyclic hydrocarbon, C10H8; an acene containing two fused benzene rings.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 06, 2024

Camphor

A tough, white, aromatic resin, or gum, obtained from different species of the Laurus family, esp. from Cinnamomum camphara (the Laurus camphora of Linnæus.). Camphor, C10H16O, is volatile and fragrant, and is used in medicine as a diaphoretic, a stimulant, or sedative.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 06, 2024

Naphthalene

A white crystalline aromatic hydrocarbon, C10H8, analogous to benzene, and obtained by the distillation of certain bituminous materials, such as the heavy oil of coal tar. It is the type and basis of a large number of derivatives among organic compounds. Formerly called also naphthaline.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 06, 2024

Camphor

Originally, a gum resembling ordinary camphor, obtained from a tree (Dryobalanops aromatica formerly Dryobalanops camphora) growing in Sumatra and Borneo; now applied to its main constituent, a terpene alcohol obtainable as a white solid C10H18O, called also Borneo camphor, Malay camphor, Malayan camphor, camphor of Borneo, Sumatra camphor, bornyl alcohol, camphol, and borneol. The isomer from Dryobalanops is dextrorotatory; the levoratatory form is obtainable from other species of plants, and the racemic mixture may be obtained by reduction of camphor. It is used in perfumery, and for manufacture of its esters. See Borneol.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 06, 2024

Naphthalene

A white crystalline strong-smelling hydrocarbon made from coal tar or petroleum and used in organic synthesis and as a fumigant in mothballs
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 06, 2024

Camphor

To impregnate or wash with camphor; to camphorate.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 06, 2024

Camphor

A resin obtained from the camphor tree; used in making celluloid and liniment
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 06, 2024

FAQs

What is camphor?

Camphor is a waxy compound with a strong aroma, used medicinally and in fragrances.
Huma Saeed
Feb 13, 2024

Where does camphor come from?

It's obtained from the wood of the camphor tree.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 13, 2024

Can camphor be ingested?

No, it's toxic if ingested and should only be used externally.
Janet White
Feb 13, 2024

Can naphthalene be used in pest control?

Yes, it's effective as a pesticide.
Janet White
Feb 13, 2024

What is naphthalene?

It's a white, crystalline hydrocarbon, often used in mothballs.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 13, 2024

How is naphthalene made?

Naphthalene is derived from coal tar or petroleum.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 13, 2024

Can naphthalene be used in medicine?

No, it's primarily used as a moth repellent and in chemical synthesis.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 13, 2024

What are the medicinal uses of camphor?

Camphor is used as a topical analgesic and anti-inflammatory.
Janet White
Feb 13, 2024

Is naphthalene safe to use around the home?

Caution is advised as it's hazardous and toxic if inhaled.
Harlon Moss
Feb 13, 2024

What does naphthalene smell like?

It has a strong, pungent odor.
Janet White
Feb 13, 2024

How should naphthalene be stored?

In a cool, dry place, away from food and out of reach of children.
Harlon Moss
Feb 13, 2024

Is camphor used in cooking?

In small quantities, it's used as a flavoring agent in some cuisines.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 13, 2024

Can naphthalene dissolve in water?

No, it's insoluble in water.
Harlon Moss
Feb 13, 2024

Can camphor be used on the skin?

Yes, in diluted forms, it's used in topical creams and ointments.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 13, 2024

Are there any environmental concerns with naphthalene?

Yes, it's toxic and can be harmful to the environment.
Janet White
Feb 13, 2024

Is camphor environmentally friendly?

In moderate use, it's relatively safe, but high doses can be toxic.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 13, 2024

What are the risks of using naphthalene?

Inhalation or ingestion can be harmful, causing health issues.
Janet White
Feb 13, 2024

What does camphor smell like?

Camphor has a strong, penetrating, aromatic odor.
Janet White
Feb 13, 2024

What are the religious uses of camphor?

It's used in religious ceremonies for its purifying fragrance.
Janet White
Feb 13, 2024

What are the physical properties of camphor?

Camphor is waxy, flammable, and slightly soluble in water.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 13, 2024
About Author
Written by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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