BiologyMedical

Difference Between Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes

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Main Difference

Type 1 Diabetes is far less common than Type 2 Diabetes. The patient of Type 1 Diabetes have symptoms since his childhood or at young age. But the patient of Type 2 Diabetes don’t have symptoms unless it is diagnosed. In type 1 diabetes, the immune system of body destroys the insulin releasing cells. In type 2 diabetes the body lost its ability to use insulin in right way.

What is Type 1 Diabetes?

In type 1 diabetes, the immune system of body destroys the insulin releasing cells and thus stops the insulin production. Body is unable to absorb sugar (glucose) with insulin and sugar is essential for energy production n the body. 5 to 10 out of 100 diabetes patients suffer from type 1 diabetes.

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What is Type 2 Diabetes?

In type 2 diabetes the body lost its ability to use insulin in right way known as insulin resistance. The insulin production reduces in pancreas thus causing insulin deficiency. 90 to 95 out of 100 diabetes patients suffer from type 2 diabetes.

Key Differences

  1. Type 2 diabetes is too much common than type 1 diabetes.
  2. In type 1 diabetes, the immune system of body destroys the insulin releasing cells while In type 2 diabetes the body lost its ability to use insulin in right way.
  3. In type 1 diabetes episodes of low blood sugar are common while in type 2 diabetes there are no episodes of low blood sugar level.
  4. The symptoms of type 1 diabetes may appear before diagnosis while symptoms of type 2 diabetes don’t appear before diagnosis.
  5. Type 2 diabetes is associated with excess body weight while type 1 diabetes is not associated with excess body weight.
  6. Type 1 insulin is usually treated with insulin while type 2 diabetes is initially treated without medication.
  7. Type 1 can’t be prevented without insulin but type 2 can be tackled with healthy diet and regular exercise.
  8. Type 1 is caused due to autoimmune attack on insulin cells but behind type 2 diabetes immune system don’t attack insulin cells.
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Comparison Video

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Janet White

Janet White is a writer and blogger for Difference Wiki since 2015. She has a master's degree in science and medical journalism from Boston University. Apart from work, she enjoys exercising, reading, and spending time with her friends and family. Connect with her on Twitter @Janet__White

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