Difference Between Python vs. Ruby

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Main Difference

Python and Ruby are the dynamic and object oriented programming languages. They are quite similar to each other. They differ from each other on the base of their way of execution and the syntax as well. Python compiles code to a virtual machine language more efficiently than Ruby. Syntax of Python makes everything clear and regular to much possible extent while the syntax of Ruby is free that let you to put multiple statements on the same line and allow you to indent your code. Just one kind of anonymous function is supported by the Python called lambdas while Ruby contains the Blocks, Procs and lambdas. In Python the built-ins can’t be modified but in Ruby it can be done.

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What is Python?

Python is a powerful and dynamic object oriented programming language. It was designed by Guido van Rossum and developed by Python Software Foundation. Syntax of Python makes everything clear and regular to much possible extent.

What is Ruby?

Ruby is an object oriented programming language. It was designed and developed by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto in the mid of 1990. Syntax of Ruby is free that let you to put multiple statements on the same line and allow you to indent your code.

Key Differences

  1. Unlike Python, in Ruby strings are mutable.
  2. Blocks are missed in Python but present in Ruby.
  3. In Python the indention as syntax element is different from Ruby.
  4. There are no regular native expression in Python but are present in Ruby.
  5. Some function like len(), abs() are present in Python but not found in Ruby.
  6. Ruby contains constants but Python does not.
  7. Ruby has the feature of continuations but Python does not have that feature.
  8. Python offers multiple inheritances but Ruby does not offer it.
  9. Python was designed by Guido van Rossum and developed by Python Software Foundation while was designed and developed by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto.
  10. Python includes the function of decorators but Ruby does not include the function of decorators.
  11. In collection objects, Tuples are found in Python but not found in Ruby.
  12. In Strings, Heredocs are found in Ruby but not found in Python.
  13. Unicode support is not found in the Ruby in Strings but Python has the Unicode support.
  14. Interned and immutable are not found in Ruby but found in Python.
  15. Regex literal is not found in Ruby but found in Python for regular expressions.
  16. Just one kind of anonymous function is supported by the Python called lambdas while Ruby contains the Blocks, Procs and lambdas.
  17. In Python the built-ins can’t be modified but in Ruby it can be done.
  18. In Ruby there is no way to unset a variable after it has been set once but in Python it can set and unset.

Comparison Video