Difference Between Spend and Spent

Main Difference

Generally people differ quite easily between both the words, Spend and Spent as they very well know that spent is the past form of the word spend. Even with knowing this the person will often get confuse as the word spent has broader spectrum and apart from the past form it carries a unique meaning when used as an adjective in the sentence. To know the difference well one needs to know a little more between both the words. Spend is an irregular verb that indicates the expenditure of money or passing of time in a specified way or in a particular place, whereas Spent is the past simple and past participle of spend, though when used as adjective it means something that is spent has been used so that it no longer has any power or effectiveness.

Comparison Chart

SpendSpent
MeaningSpend is an irregular verb that indicates the expenditure of money or passing of time in a specified way or in a particular place.Spent is the past simple and past participle of spend, though when used as adjective it means something that is spent has been used so that it no longer has any power or effectiveness.
Parts of speechVerbVerb, Adjective
TensePresent, FuturePast

What is Spend?

Spend is an irregular verb which means to give money as a payment for something or passing of time in a specified way or in a particular place. Spend is generally used for measurable quantities like time and money and its past form is utilized for multi purposes. The word spend actually tells about the ongoing expenditure or the one to be done in future that is why it doesn’t accounts and it is the ongoing process.

Examples:

They used to spend more than $100 in a week.

We’ll spend next Saturday on the beach.

Harley spend much of his time playing soccer.

Mily and John usually spend their vacations at aunt’s home.

What is Spent?

Spent is the past simple and past participle of spend, though when used as adjective it means something that is spent has been used so that it no longer has any power or effectiveness. Spent has a broader spectrum unlike spend and it can also be used to show expenditure of other things apart from money and time. As it is the past of spent it shows the expenditure already happened and refers that nothing more has left behind. ‘I spent my salary while searching you’. This sentence shows that all of the salary got finished or ended in your search.

Example:

Jose spent all his salary over eating pizzas.

After several defeats in a row, fans have started saying that Australian Rugby is a spent force.

Spent also refers to something which has already been used and can no more be used again. Example: ‘Dozens of spent bullets were on the streets of London.’

Spend vs. Spent

  • Spent is the past form of the word spend.
  • Spend is an irregular verb that indicates the expenditure of money or passing of time in a specified way or in a particular place, whereas Spent is the past simple and past participle of spend, though when used as adjective it means something that is spent has been used so that it no longer has any power or effectiveness.
  • Spend is a verb, whereas spent can be used as both, verb and adjective.
  • Spend refers to the ongoing expenditure or the one that will be happening in future, whereas spend refers to something that is already used.

Explanatory Video

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Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson

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