Magma vs. Lava: What's the Difference?

Advertisement

Key Difference

The difference between magma and lava is that magma is the molten rock that is under Earth’s crust whereas lava is the Magma that comes out due to a volcanic eruption.

Advertisement

Magma vs. Lava

Magma and lava are thought to be interchangeable terms, but both terms are different. The difference between Magma and lava is of the eruption. Magma is the molten rock that is in the earth’s crust, and after the explosion, lava comes out. Volcanic eruption happens when lava is discharged from a volcanic vent. Magma profound inside the mantle of the Earth that once in a while rises to the top through splits in The mantle or through the emission of volcanoes. Lava is the liquid removed by a fountain of molten magma by the eruption. When that lava is cooled down, it comes magma. When magma is still inside the earth, it is called magma.

Comparison Chart

Basis Magma Lava
Meaning magma is the molten rock that is under Earth’s crust. lava is the Magna that comes out due to a volcanic eruption.
Temperature Magma temperature varies from 1300  to 2200 F. Lava temperature varies from 1300 to 2400 F.
Cooling Process Cooling process of magma is long. Cooling process of magma is long.
Rock Plutonic Rock Volcanic Rock
Advertisement

 What is Magma?

Magma is the molten rock inside the earth’s crust. Magma also contains suspended precious stones, water, carbon monoxide or different gas bubbles. Magma is several kilometres underneath the surface, in the mantle or somewhere down in the surface, where the temperature and weight are sufficiently high to control its development. Magma is usually shaped in subduction zones, mainland crack territories, mid-sea edges and hotspots. Magma creates and amasses in zones called magma loads, and can relocate towards the surface when it is less thick than the encompassing rocks. Rocks that are formed with magma are igneous rocks.

What is Lava?

Lava is a molten liquid that is ejected by volcanoes. The molten liquid that is emitted by volcanoes is in liquid form and have a boiling temperature ranging 1300 to 2200 degree F. Many types of lava are: silicate, minerals, olivine, feldspars, micas, amphiboles, pyroxenes and quartz. Lava rocks are known as volcanic rocks. Volcanic rocks are often used in aquariums and terrariums. Lava rocks can also be used to make surgical instruments.

Advertisement

Key Differences

  1. Magma is the molten rock that is under Earth’s crust. Lava is the Magna that comes out due to a volcanic
  2. Magma temperature varies from 1300 to 2200 F. Lava temperature varies from 1300 to 2400 F.
  3. Cooling process of magma is long. Cooling process of magma is long.
  4. Magma causes lava as lava is magma that achieves the earth’s surface through volcanoes and different vents whereas Magma, is dissolved molten put away in the Earth’s outside layer.
  5. The rocks that are formed by magma are called Plutonic Rocks, and the rocks that are created by lava are called Volcanic Rocks.

Conclusion

In the article above we have looked at the clear difference between magma and lava, Magma is the molten rock that is under Earth’s crust. Lava is the Magma  that comes out due to a volcanic.

Explanatory Video

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *