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Evaporation vs. Condensation: What's the Difference?

Edited by Sawaira Riaz || By Sumera Saeed || Updated on October 14, 2023
Evaporation is the process where liquid turns into vapor; condensation is where vapor turns back into liquid.

Key Differences

Evaporation is a natural phenomenon that occurs when a liquid, like water, is transformed into its gaseous form or vapor. On the other hand, condensation is the opposite process, where the vapor cools down and changes back into its liquid state.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023
While evaporation typically happens on the surface of liquids and is influenced by temperature and air pressure, condensation takes place when humid air cools down, causing the vapor to revert to liquid form, often observed as dew or water droplets.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023
The energy from the sun facilitates evaporation, causing water bodies like lakes and oceans to release water vapor into the atmosphere. Contrastingly, condensation becomes evident in everyday scenarios, such as when a cold beverage "sweats" in a warm environment.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023
In the water cycle, evaporation plays a crucial role in transporting water from the Earth's surface to the atmosphere. Conversely, condensation is responsible for the formation of clouds, which eventually lead to precipitation and return water to the Earth.
Sara Rehman
Oct 14, 2023
Both evaporation and condensation are essential processes for regulating the Earth's climate. While evaporation helps dissipate heat, condensation releases heat, maintaining a balance in the atmosphere.
Sara Rehman
Oct 14, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Process Direction

Liquid to gas/vapor.
Gas/vapor to liquid.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023

Energy Requirement

Requires energy (endothermic).
Releases energy (exothermic).
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023

Observable Effect

Surface of liquid drying up.
Formation of water droplets on a cooler surface.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023

Role in Water Cycle

Transports water from Earth to atmosphere.
Helps in cloud formation & returns water to Earth.
Harlon Moss
Oct 14, 2023

Everyday Example

Water disappearing from a puddle.
Dew forming on grass in the morning.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023
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Evaporation and Condensation Definitions

Evaporation

The process by which surface liquid is converted to vapor.
Evaporation of sweat helps in cooling our bodies.
Janet White
Oct 14, 2023

Condensation

The transformation of a gaseous substance into its liquid state.
Cold mornings often show the effects of condensation on windows.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023

Evaporation

A phase transition from a liquid state to a vapor state.
High temperatures expedite the evaporation rate of moisture.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023

Condensation

The process where vapor becomes liquid.
The cool glass caused the condensation of the humid air around it.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 14, 2023

Evaporation

The transformation of a liquid into its gaseous form.
The evaporation of the lake water increased during the hot summer months.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 14, 2023

Condensation

The change from a vapor phase to a liquid phase.
The condensation of steam can produce pure distilled water.
Sara Rehman
Oct 14, 2023

Evaporation

The release of molecules from the surface of a liquid into the air.
The rapid evaporation of the solvent left behind a crystalline residue.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023

Condensation

The act of making more dense or compact.
The condensation of the gas resulted in a liquid form at the bottom of the container.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023

Evaporation

The dissipation of a liquid when exposed to air.
The evaporation of spilled water on the pavement was quick under the midday sun.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 14, 2023

Condensation

The formation of water droplets from saturated air.
Condensation on the pitcher indicated the presence of a cold beverage inside.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023

Evaporation

To convert or change into a vapor.
Sumera Saeed
Aug 06, 2019

Condensation

The act of condensing.
Sumera Saeed
Aug 06, 2019

Evaporation

To draw off in the form of vapor.
Sumera Saeed
Aug 06, 2019

Condensation

The state of being condensed.
Sumera Saeed
Aug 06, 2019

FAQs

Can condensation occur without evaporation?

No, condensation is the reverse process of evaporation.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 14, 2023

Is energy released or absorbed during evaporation?

Energy is absorbed during evaporation.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023

Is dew a result of condensation?

Yes, dew forms when humid air condenses on cool surfaces.
Sara Rehman
Oct 14, 2023

Why do we see condensation on cold drinks?

Warm air around the cold drink cools down, leading to condensation.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023

What triggers evaporation?

Evaporation is triggered by heat or energy.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023

How is condensation linked to the water cycle?

Condensation forms clouds, a vital step in the water cycle.
Harlon Moss
Oct 14, 2023

What's the main difference between evaporation and condensation?

Evaporation turns liquid to vapor, while condensation turns vapor back to liquid.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 14, 2023

How is evaporation used in daily life?

Evaporation is used in processes like drying clothes, distillation, and cooking.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023

How is evaporation related to boiling?

Both involve turning liquid into vapor, but boiling occurs throughout a liquid at a specific temperature.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023

How does condensation lead to rain?

Condensation in the atmosphere forms clouds, which can result in precipitation.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023

Can evaporation occur at any temperature?

Yes, evaporation can occur at any temperature, but it's faster at higher temperatures.
Harlon Moss
Oct 14, 2023

Is the energy required for evaporation and condensation the same?

The energy absorbed in evaporation is the same as that released during condensation.
Harlon Moss
Oct 14, 2023

When does condensation commonly happen?

Condensation often occurs when warm, humid air meets a cold surface.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 14, 2023

Can condensation be prevented?

Reducing humidity or maintaining temperature can reduce condensation.
Harlon Moss
Oct 14, 2023

Does wind speed affect evaporation?

Yes, higher wind speeds can increase the rate of evaporation.
Janet White
Oct 14, 2023

Why does condensation form on windows?

Warm, moist indoor air cools upon contact with cold windows, leading to condensation.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 14, 2023

How does evaporation cause cooling?

Evaporation absorbs heat, leading to a cooling effect.
Janet White
Oct 14, 2023

Does evaporation only happen in open areas?

No, evaporation can occur even in closed systems, though at a reduced rate.
Sara Rehman
Oct 14, 2023

Is evaporation a slow or fast process?

Generally, evaporation is a slow process, but it can be faster with added heat.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 14, 2023

Can condensation occur in the air?

Yes, when moist air cools, condensation can occur, forming clouds or fog.
Sara Rehman
Oct 14, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.

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