Difference WikiLanguage

Difference Between Dutch and Danish

Main Difference

The main difference between Dutch and Danish is that the Dutch language is a West Germanic Language, whereas the Danish language is a North Germanic Language.

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Dutch vs. Danish

The Dutch language is talking in Belgium and the Netherlands. The Danish language is mostly talking in Denmark. The people speaking Dutch are Dutch people. People speaking Danish are Danish people. The Dutch language is known as the West Germanic Language, whereas the Danish language is known as the North Germanic Language.

Dutch is similar to languages such as German and English languages, whereas Danish is similar to languages which are Norwegian and Swedish. Dutch pronunciation is very straightforward and subtle. The pronunciation of Danish resembles English. Dutch contains sixteen phonemically vowel combinations. Danish has twenty-seven distinctive vowels.

The alphabet that Dutch uses in its writing scripts is the Dutch alphabet. The alphabet that Danish uses is the Dano-Norwegian alphabet. Any other language of the world always influences the vocabulary of a language. In the same, way the vocabulary of Dutch is influenced by Germanic and Romance languages. The vocabulary of Danish has an influence on languages like Old Norse, Low German, and English.

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The Dutch language is specified by having a subjunctive form (which is rarely used). The Danish language does not show any subjunctive form. Unlike Dutch, Danish has a similarity of sentence structure with the English. Dutch grammar employs a clause or an article that occurs before the nominal or noun to specify the finality. If an adjective is present in any sentence, then Danish is almost the same as Dutch. Dutch word order changes more frequently. Danish is quite closer to English in word order, followed by the object that comes after the verb.

Comparison Chart

DutchDanish
A West Germanic LanguageA North Germanic Language
Vowels
16 vowel combinations26 distinctive vowels
Kind of Alphabet
Dutch alphabetDano-Norwegian alphabet
Similarity with Languages
German and EnglishNorwegian and Swedish
Influenced By
Germanic and Romance languagesOld Norse and low German
Spoken In
The NetherlandDenmark
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What is Dutch?

Dutch is a language that is common to the Netherlands and Belgium. It is a Germanic language relating to the Indo-European language family. The Dutch is known as the ‘West Germanic Language.’ It is as complex as the German language. Dutch is known to be the first language of about 23 million people. And as a second language, 5 million people speak it. The vowel that Dutch contains is sixteen phonemically vowel combinations.

The alphabet uses in its writing scripts is the Dutch alphabet. The vocabulary of Dutch is influenced by Germanic and Romance languages. Dutch pronunciation is very straightforward and subtle. Dutch word order changes more frequently. Generally, Dutch is not an easy language because of the presence of so many irregular verbs, the conjunction of adjectives, and gendered nouns.

The Dutch language is specified by having a subjunctive form (which is rarely used) as it did not have the High German consonant shift, so it no longer uses the subjunctive and case system. Dutch grammar uses a different article like English grammar that is coming before the noun to designate the finality. If an adjective is present in any sentence, then Danish is almost the same as Dutch.

However, it is easy for English speakers to learn Dutch. The reason behind this is Dutch is similar to the English language in terms of vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation but difficult in terms of grammar. Their intonation and stress patterns are also alike. The Dutch and English have the same Latin alphabet-in phonology. Dutch grammar is very close to German, specifically about syntax and verb morphology.

What is Danish?

Danish is spoken in Denmark. The Danish language is known as the North Germanic Language. People who speak Danish are Danish people. Also, it has a status of the minority language in Southern Schleswig in northern Germany. Danish has a similarity with Norwegian and Swedish languages. The pronunciation of Danish is quite similar to English. It has twenty-seven distinctive vowels. The alphabet that Danish uses in its writing scripts is the Dano-Norwegian alphabet.

The vocabulary of Danish has an influence of the languages such as Old Norse, Low German, and English. The Danish language does not show any subjunctive form. It has a similarity of sentence structure with the English. Danish is quite closer to English in its word order. This word order is characterized by the object coming after the verb. Due to its similarity with English, the Scandinavians are good at speaking English.

Danish-speaking communities are in various countries. These countries include Sweden, Spain, the US, Norway, Brazil, and Argentina. Danish is a language that is the descendant of Old Norse. There were no standard variety/spelling conventions of it until the 16th century. The standard Danish emerged with the Protestant Reformation.

Danish is a difficult language to understand and learn. It is known for its immense consonant or vowel index. This vowel inventory has 27 phonemically distinctive vowels with 12 long and 13 short vowels with two schwa vowels. Also, it has an unusual prosody known as stød. The “glottal stop” putting Danish tougher for the spokespeople of language learning to speak it.

Key Differences

  1. The Dutch language is a language of Netherlands and Belgium, whereas the Danish language is a language of Denmark.
  2. The Dutch language is known as the West Germanic Language. On the other hand, the Danish language is a North Germanic Language.
  3. The people who speak Dutch are Dutch people; conversely, people who speak Danish are Danish people.
  4. Dutch shows similarity to German and English languages on the flip side Danish shows similarity to Norwegian and Swedish languages.
  5. Dutch pronunciation is very straightforward, and subtle contrarily; the pronunciation of Danish is closer to the English.
  6. Dutch contains sixteen phonemically vowel combinations; on the other side, Danish has twenty-seven distinctive vowels.
  7. The alphabet that Dutch uses is the Dutch alphabet on the converse; the alphabet that Danish uses is the Dano-Norwegian alphabet.
  8. The vocabulary of Dutch affects Germanic and Romance languages, whereas the vocabulary of Danish affects English, Low German, and Old Norse languages.
  9. The Dutch language specified by having a subjunctive form; on the contrary, the Danish language does not show any subjunctive form.
  10. Unlike Dutch, Danish has a similarity of sentence structure with the English.
  11. Dutch word order changes more frequently inversely Danish is closer to English In word order. The object follows it after the verb.

Conclusion

The languages Dutch and Danish have things in common, but they are different from each other in their phonology, syntax, morphology, and vocabulary.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson