Difference Wiki

Communicable Disease vs. Non-Communicable Disease: What's the Difference?

Edited by Sawaira Riaz || By Sumera Saeed || Updated on October 28, 2023
Communicable diseases spread between people, while non-communicable diseases do not.

Key Differences

Communicable diseases are caused by infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, or parasites and can be spread directly or indirectly between individuals. Non-communicable diseases, also known as chronic diseases, are not infectious and cannot be transmitted from one person to another.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023
While communicable diseases often present with acute symptoms and can lead to epidemics, non-communicable diseases typically develop slowly and last for extended periods, often leading to long-term health impacts.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023
Prevention of communicable diseases often involves hygiene, vaccinations, and avoiding contact with infected individuals. In contrast, preventing non-communicable diseases generally focuses on lifestyle factors such as diet, exercise, and avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023
Treatment for communicable diseases usually includes medications such as antibiotics or antivirals to target the infectious agent. Non-communicable diseases often require long-term management, including medication, lifestyle changes, and sometimes surgery.
Harlon Moss
Oct 28, 2023
Public health measures for controlling communicable diseases include quarantine and sanitation efforts. For non-communicable diseases, public health focuses on education, health screenings, and policies to promote healthy environments.
Janet White
Oct 28, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Comparison Chart

Cause

Bacteria, viruses, parasites.
Not caused by infectious agents.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023

Transmission

Direct or indirect between people.
Cannot be transmitted between people.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023

Symptoms and Course

Often acute; can lead to epidemics.
Usually chronic; long-term health impacts.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023

Prevention Strategies

Hygiene, vaccinations, avoiding infected individuals.
Lifestyle changes, health education.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 28, 2023

Treatment Approach

Targeting infectious agent with medications.
Long-term management, lifestyle changes, medication.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Communicable Disease and Non-Communicable Disease Definitions

Communicable Disease

Spread by infectious agents.
The flu is a common communicable disease.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 28, 2023

Non-Communicable Disease

Often related to genetics.
Hypertension can be a hereditary non-communicable disease.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023

Communicable Disease

Transmitted between people.
Measles is a highly communicable disease.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023

Non-Communicable Disease

Chronic and not infectious.
Diabetes is a widespread non-communicable disease.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 28, 2023

Communicable Disease

Often requires quarantine.
During the outbreak, patients with the communicable disease were quarantined.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 28, 2023

Non-Communicable Disease

Managed with lifestyle changes.
Heart disease, a non-communicable disease, can be managed with diet and exercise.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023

Communicable Disease

Can cause epidemics.
HIV/AIDS is a globally significant communicable disease.
Harlon Moss
Oct 28, 2023

Non-Communicable Disease

Not spread person-to-person.
Asthma, a non-communicable disease, cannot be caught from others.
Sara Rehman
Oct 28, 2023

Communicable Disease

Includes bacterial infections.
Tuberculosis is a serious communicable disease.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023

Non-Communicable Disease

Includes lifestyle diseases.
Obesity is a common non-communicable disease.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023

FAQs

Are non-communicable diseases contagious?

No, they cannot be transmitted between people.
Harlon Moss
Oct 28, 2023

Can vaccines prevent communicable diseases?

Yes, many are preventable by vaccines.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023

Can non-communicable diseases be inherited?

Yes, some have genetic factors.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 28, 2023

Do non-communicable diseases require lifelong management?

Often, they require ongoing care.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 28, 2023

Do lifestyle choices affect non-communicable diseases?

Yes, factors like diet and exercise are important.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023

Do communicable diseases always show immediate symptoms?

Not always; some have incubation periods.
Harlon Moss
Oct 28, 2023

Are all non-communicable diseases genetic?

Not all; lifestyle and environment also play roles.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023

Can good hygiene prevent communicable diseases?

Yes, it's a key preventive measure.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023

Can communicable diseases lead to epidemics?

Yes, some have the potential to cause outbreaks.
Harlon Moss
Oct 28, 2023

Are non-communicable diseases always chronic?

Mostly, but severity and course can vary.
Janet White
Oct 28, 2023

Can exercise reduce the risk of non-communicable diseases?

Yes, it's beneficial for prevention and management.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023

What causes communicable diseases?

Infectious agents like viruses and bacteria.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023

How are communicable diseases spread?

Through direct or indirect contact.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023

Does smoking increase the risk of non-communicable diseases?

Yes, it's a major risk factor for many.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023

Are heart diseases non-communicable?

Yes, they are not infectious.
Sara Rehman
Oct 28, 2023

Are antibiotics effective against communicable diseases?

Yes, but only for bacterial infections.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 28, 2023

Is isolation effective in controlling communicable diseases?

Yes, it can help prevent spread.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023

Is handwashing effective against communicable diseases?

Yes, it's a simple yet effective prevention.
Sara Rehman
Oct 28, 2023

Is cancer a non-communicable disease?

Yes, it's not caused by infectious agents.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 28, 2023

Can communicable diseases be asymptomatic?

Yes, some people may not show symptoms.
Sara Rehman
Oct 28, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.

Trending Comparisons

Popular Comparisons

New Comparisons