Transcription vs. Translation

Main Difference

With having similar prefix, ‘Trans’ the words are said to be closely alike, but at the same time they posses differentiable characteristics, which are easily understandable. Transcription is defined as the conversion of something into a written form, whereas translation is conversion of one language to another. Transcription involves only one language, on the other hand, translation involves two or more languages.

Transcription vs. Translation — Is There a Difference?
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Difference Between Transcription and Translation

Transcription vs. Translation

Transcription is defined as the conversion of something into a written form, whereas translation is conversion of one language to another.

Transcription vs. Translation

Transcription involves only one language, on the other hand, translation involves two or more languages.

Transcription vs. Translation

The person who transcribes (performs transcription) is referred as a transcriptionist, whereas the one carrying out the act of translation is called translator.

Transcription vs. Translation

Transcriptionist needs to have the knowledge of the native language, whereas translator needs to have the knowledge of all the languages involved in process of that particular translation.

Transcriptionnoun

The act or process of transcribing.

Translationnoun

The act of translating, in its various senses:

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Transcriptionnoun

Something that has been transcribed, including:

Translationnoun

The conversion of text from one language to another.

Transcriptionnoun

(music) An adaptation of a composition.

These frame tale interludes frequently include transcriptions of Italian folk songs.

Translationnoun

(translation studies) The discipline or study of translating written language (as opposed to interpretation, which concerns itself with spoken language).

Transcriptionnoun

(broadcasting) A recorded radio or television programme.

Translationnoun

The conversion of something from one form or medium to another.

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Transcriptionnoun

(linguistics) A representation of speech sounds as phonetic symbols.

Translationnoun

A motion or compulsion to motion in a straight line without rotation or other deformation.

Transcriptionnoun

(obsolete) A written document.

Translationnoun

(mathematics) A relation between two mathematical figures such as a straight line where the coordinates of each point in one figure is a constant added to the coordinates of a corresponding point in the other figure.

Transcriptionnoun

(genetics) The synthesis of RNA under the direction of DNA.

Translationnoun

(genetics) The process whereby a strand of mRNA directs assembly of amino acids into proteins within a ribosome.

Transcriptionnoun

something written, especially copied from one medium to another, as a typewritten version of dictation

Translationnoun

(physics) A transfer of motion occurring within a gearbox.

Transcriptionnoun

(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA; the process whereby a base sequence of messenger RNA is synthesized on a template of complementary DNA

Translationnoun

The automatic retransmission of a telegraph message.

Transcriptionnoun

a sound or television recording (e.g., from a broadcast to a tape recording)

Translationnoun

The conveyance of something from one place to another, especially:

Transcriptionnoun

the act of arranging and adapting a piece of music

Translationnoun

(countable) The product or end result of an act of translating, in its various senses.

Transcriptionnoun

the act of making a record (especially an audio record);

she watched the recording from a sound-proof booth

Translationnoun

a written communication in a second language having the same meaning as the written communication in a first language

Translationnoun

a uniform movement without rotation

Translationnoun

the act of changing in form or shape or appearance;

a photograph is a translation of a scene onto a two-dimensional surface

Translationnoun

(mathematics) a transformation in which the origin of the coordinate system is moved to another position but the direction of each axis remains the same

Translationnoun

(genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RNA directs the formation of a specific protein at a ribosome in the cytoplasm

Translationnoun

rewording something in less technical terminology

Translationnoun

the act of uniform movement

Comparison Chart

TranscriptionTranslation
Transcription is defined as the conversion of something into a written form.Translation is conversion of one language to another.
Languages
Transcription involves only one language.Translation involves two or more languages.
Performer
The person who transcribes (performs transcription) is referred as a transcriptionist.The one carrying out the act of translation is called translator.
Mastery
Transcriptionist needs to have the knowledge of the native language.Translator needs to have the knowledge of all the languages involved in process of that particular translation.

What is Transcription?

Transcription is defined as the conversion of something into a written or printed form. The one having the sound knowledge of the language can serve the purpose in this. Informally speaking we can say that transcription is the process to get things on record in written form. In this one can gather the things or information and converts it in the written or printed form. The act of transcription is called transcribing. The person who transcribes is referred as a transcriptionist. The written or printed version is called transcript.

Example: The students who got on complete their university sessions are awarded the transcripts (education). Actually those transcripts are the written conversion of students’ achievements, grades and attitude while their stay at institute.

What is Translation?

Translation is defined as conversion of something into another language. The one having the vast knowledge of both the two or more languages involved in the purpose can translate the things exactly. The one carrying out the act of translation is called translator, moreover he/she should be well aware of the colloquial terms and idioms in certain language. Generally, the translation is from one language to another. For instance, translation can be from from Hindi to English, French to Arabic, Chinese to Spanish and e.t.c.

Example: As mentioned above, one should be well aware of all the languages involved in for translation purpose. As one without having the sound knowledge of English idioms would fail to convert the idiom ‘Its raining cats and dogs’ in French.