Difference Between Timber and Lumber


Main Difference

The main difference between Timber and Lumber is that Timber primarily reviewed as the wood that is still holding or attached to the ground, and lumber is no longer standing on the ground.

Timber vs. Lumber

Timber stated that the wood that is presently erect or stiff and is holding firmly to the earth’s ground. Timber is the term that for a tree that has still not processed into boards. On the contrary, lumber commonly recognized as the wood that is no extended holding to the ground and every so often seen as the placed down or processed wood. The term Timber, used in the Australia and U.K. to state to a plank of wood, while lumber is the American and Canadian term to state a plank of wood. Some people use the word ‘timber’ to denote to a portion of wood with bark or crust, whereas ‘lumber’ used for a crust-less portion of dry or arid processed-wood. For timber to be prepared commercially presented for production and construction, it is typically essential for it to take finishing touch first before it referred to the marketplace, and the word ‘lumber’ that mainly used for business objectives and sale due to its refined or finished nature. Timber has its origins rising to the 7th era, the word was extensively in use between people in those days, whereas the word ‘Lumber’ put into usage since the 16th era only and owing or beholden its origin to Italy. It has an allusion to the early pawnbrokers which sheltered old, abandoned furniture which was tough to change and move.


Comparison Chart

Timber reviewed, in general, refer to unbroken trees which have not been split or cut.Lumber generally refers to wood that has been partially cut to average extents and sold in the market for construction use.
Relays To
Timber relays to a form of wood which continues to maintain its original husk or bark.Lumber relays to a form of wood which not any more or no extended has the wooden bark.
Used For
Timber is used to create pulpwood, charcoal and burned down for take-up and furling including, etc.Lumber is used for various purposes and primarily used for constructional purposes.
It is considered less of processed wood.Processed wood and finished wood

What is Timber?

Timber is a category of wood that processed into crosspieces and boards. Timber is a wood of arboriculture or growing trees. Some wood up to flexible a least dimensional extent can term as a timber. Those woods which ready for structure purposes are timbers. Finished timber delivered in standard sizes for the business. The timber used for construction houses and manufacture furniture. Generally, the definite weight or density of timber differs from 0.3 to 0.9. The definite density is highly dependent on the holes or pores present. As the pores lessening, density increase to above 15. Timber is hygroscopic or absorbent by nature. The more the moisture level, the more it is high-risk to fungous attacks. Superiority timber is well-known to have the maximum intensity and the capability to bear or carry loads. The greatest strength or potency for timber is 500-kilo gram/square cm to 700-kilo gram/square cm. When the winding or twisting intensity is more, it usually specifies a good feature. Timber has a great capability of bearing and supporting shocks and vibrations. Elder timber with ring-shaped is a good sign of excellence. Timbers commonly manage its shape after convention or usage.

What is Lumber?

Lumber normally recognized as the wood which is no longer devoted or attached to the ground and it often perceived as the established or processed wood. Lumber is a basic term that put on to several lengths or sizes of wood make as building materials. Pieces or sections of lumber are cut along the length from the tree trunks and categorized by taking generally four-sided or rectangular cross-sectional area as conflicting to poles or supports, which have a round cross-sectional area. Lumber is used to constructional intents mostly. Lumber also makes furniture, papers, pulp and other amalgams like play-board and particleboard. Lumber categorized as moreover hardwood or softwood. Hardwood contains trees like oak or chestnut and maple wood or hard rock maple. These trees are typically short-lived and broad leaves. Softwood contains pine fir, sedge, cedar, chrism, hemlock, redwood, and other softwood or coniferous trees. Coniferous trees have bare seeds that walled cones. Many conifer trees are immortal or evergreen. Softwood is easy to saw and attach; for this reason, it is perfectly suitable to make houses, furniture, and paper. Lumber is plenteous into nature. However, environmentalists have stated that lumber is a determinate source.

Key Differences

  1. Timber mainly defined the wood that yet been determined to the ground while lumber is not for longer period standing on the ground.
  2. Timber remains to be cut and handled, so it can be sold for building purposes, whereas lumber is the done or finished wood material that is frequently completed commercially obtainable especially in construction.
  3. Timber is the name or word used in the Australia and U.K. to mention to wooden panels, while in Canadian and American sect, lumber is the wooden panel for the group.
  4. Timber is broadly conventional as the wood with its bay or bark still on, while lumber no longer has the wooden or stilted bay.


To sum up, Timber and Lumbar both are products of wood. Timber is stated to be the wood that is presently erect and is involved or devoted determinedly to the earth’s ground, on the other hand, lumber usually recognized as the wood that is no longer devoted to the earth’s ground and as processed wood.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson