Difference Between Amalgamation and Absorption


Main Difference

The main difference between Amalgamation and Absorption is that Amalgamation is the legal process, in which two or more companies combine themselves to form a new company and Absorption is when two or more companies combined into an existing company.

Amalgamation vs. Absorption

Amalgamation is a type of integration processes used under an absorption. Amalgamation outcome in the construction of a completely new or different concern or company. But, absorption is a merging procedure in which the consequential concern may be new or maybe a standing or existing concern.

At least three companies are mandatory for the amalgamation procedure; conversely, at least two companies intricate in absorption. Size or volume of the concerns involved in the amalgamation procedure is of a comparable or equivalent level. Whereas, the volume of concerns in the absorption procedure is diverse as an absorbing entity is estimated to be comparatively bigger than the size of an absorbed entity.


Asset and liabilities or pros and cons of the standing company in the amalgamation process moved to an entirely fresh company. But, belongings or assets and obligations or liabilities of the immersed or absorbed concern in the absorption method assimilated into absorbing concern. Shares and dividends of the fresh corporation made in the procedure specified to the stockholders of the existing or prevailing concern in the amalgamation procedure. While shares or dividends of the gripping concern specified to stockholders of the absorbed corporation in the absorption procedure.

Comparison Chart

The system at which two or additional corporations are looped up to make a new corporation, which attains their business identified as Amalgamation.The system at which one corporation takes over or hold the other corporation identified as Absorption.
Number of Companies Intricate
At least threeAt least two
Formation of a Fresh Company
Yes, a new or fresh company made.No, a new or fresh company not made.
Volume of Concerns
The concerns are of a similar volume or size.The larger the concern subdues the smaller concern.

What is Amalgamation?

An amalgamation is a blend of two or further companies or corporations into a fresh or different existence. A fully new concern is formed to house the collective belongings and obligations of equal or both companies. Amalgamation typically takes place among two or additional corporations involved in the identical track of business or those that sharing some resemblance in tasks.

Corporations may combine to expand their doings or to enlarge their array of services. As two or added corporations are unification, amalgamation outcomes in the creation of a larger being. The originator corporation—the weaker or undeveloped corporation immersed into, the greater beneficiary corporation, thus establishing a fresh company. These takings to a considerably stronger and greater client base, and also entails the newly formed entity has extra assets.

One sort of amalgamation is like to a merger—reserves both corporations’ resources and accountabilities, and the stakeholders’ benefits together. All belongings of the originator corporation converted that of the acquirer corporation. The business of the originator company pursued after the amalgamation. No regulations formed to accounting values.

The additional form of amalgamation is comparable to an acquisition. Another obtains one corporation, and stakeholders of the transferor corporation do not have an equivalent share in the capital of the mutual company. If the acquisition deliberation goes above the net worth, the additional sum recorded as goodwill.

What is Absorption?

Absorption of a corporation is a system of business procedure at which a standing company holds over the business of the added company. The being who becomes absorbed goes into the winding up or liquidation procedure. The absorbed establishment keep on to run tasks or actions as has been doing beforehand the absorption, and team or staff keep working within the new administration.

If any account keeps up or maintained for the workers of the corporation, it is held over by the acquiring company. There are various causes of absorption. One out of them is that as a result of the creation of the new corporation or company, it will not acquire a standing in the marketplace like the old one. So, for this reason, the purchasing or acquiring company grips an already company to utilize its power to operate the chances or occasions occurs in the marketplace.

Usually, a company which acquired the other companies (buyer) survives, while an acquired company (a seller), ceased to exist. The acquired or attained corporation handovers its assets or resources, liabilities, and dividends or shares to the obtaining corporation. Thus the company that absorbs takes on all the rights and obligations of the company that is absorbed.

Key Differences

  1. When two establishments bond and settle to form a new and fresh corporation is well-known as amalgamation. Whereas absorption is a procedure by which one establishment occupies regulator or control over the additional concern.
  2. In amalgamation, there is a minimum of three companies involved, i.e., two amalgamating companies and one fresh company which is made by the fusion of the two companies. Contrariwise, only two corporations are elaborate in absorption.
  3. The extent of the companies carrying amalgamation is more or less the same. On the contrary, one company of bigger extent overpowers the company of smaller extent in Absorption.
  4. Amalgamation intended or voluntary, whereas absorption can be optional or antagonistic.
  5. In amalgamation, the erection of the different concern is there, although in absorption no such new or different concern is made.
  6. In amalgamation possessions and accountabilities of the surviving or existing concerns are held and moved into the financial statement of the recently formed concern, while possessions and accountabilities of the absorbed corporation are merging.


The outcome of amalgamation is often a new legal entity with assets and liabilities of acquired companies. The outcome of the absorption is the “old” legal entity, who did not change the legal name, but solely increased the assets and liabilities by acquiring another company.