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Difference Between Indian Culture and Western Culture

Main Difference

The main difference between Indian Culture and Western Culture is that Indian Culture is an old and traditional culture, whereas Western Culture is an advanced and progressive culture.

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Indian Culture vs. Western Culture

Indian culture is an ancient culture and is a combo of different cultures. Western culture is advanced and progressive culture. Indian culture includes the diversities of rituals, traditions, customs, and rituals, etc. Western culture includes customs, beliefs, values, and practices, which are all enormously influenced by European culture. Indian culture is exhibited by India only. Western culture exhibited by Spain, the USA, Europe, Canada, etc. The languages like Bihari, Urdu, Punjabi, Bengali, Marathi, Tamil and Telegu, are common in Indian culture. The English language is common in Western culture.

Indian culture contains a variety of other religions like Sikhism, Christianity, Hinduism, and Islam. However, Western culture is mainly related to Christianity. In Indian culture, it considered that men are superior to women. In western culture, both men and women considered as same and equal. The joint family system is mostly preferred in Indian culture. The nuclear family system preferred in Western culture. The folk, Sufi, classical Bollywood music appreciated in Indian culture. Rock, Hip-hop, jazz, rap, Heavy metal, Blues music liked in Western culture.

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Arrange marriage considered to be more successful in Indian culture. In Western culture, love marriage is common. In Indian culture, people like to wear traditional clothes according to their region and religion. Although, in Western culture, people can wear whatever they want or whatever they like to wear. In Indian culture, people are closely attached to each other people respect their relations, caring, and possessive about their family even more than themselves. In Western culture, family members are not much close to each other and prefer separation after the age of 18.

Comparison Chart

Indian CultureWestern Culture
Traditional cultureModern culture
Languages
Bihari, Urdu, Punjabi, Bengali, Marathi, Tamil, and Telegu, etc.Mainly English
Priorities
Kill their desires for their familyGive priority to themselves and own desires
Society
Congest-mindedOpen-minded
Celebrations
Holi, DiwaliValentine’s Day, Halloween, New year Eve
Dresses
Saree, kurta Pyjama, Lehenga choliJeans shirt, Skirts, Trousers, Gown, tunics
Greeting Words
“Namaskar or Namaste”“Hello, Hola, and Bonjour”
Food
Biryani, Pickles, Mithai, Kheer, Halwa, etcPizza, Burgers, Soups, Pasta, Salads, etc.
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What is Indian Culture?

Indian culture is one of the most famous cultures in this world. It is an ancient culture. Indian culture is popular due to its customs, traditions, religion, cuisine, rituals, food, dressing, etc. that are different according to region or area. Indian culture is rich in its ancestry. In Indian culture, there is a great diversity in people depending on their region and religion. In Indian culture, people live happily and united. They are very hospitable and consider Guests as a God. People of Indian culture worship stones, statues, animals, rivers, trees, etc.

In traditional Indian culture, people are more conscious about their society, and the community has great importance, according to them. But with time, this thought is going to be changed slowly, and traditional culture faces an impact of westernization. About 30 to 40 years ago, parents of the groom or bride chose a spouse for their daughter or son and decided about the marriage. At that time, arrange marriages are acceptable. This scenario of arrange marriage is changing, and now love marriages are allowed in Indian culture and equally respected.

Different events are celebrated in Indian culture. There is a wide range of clothing depending upon the religion and region. Indian women prefer saree to wear, and some other women prefer shalwar kameez with dupatta while the men like a dhoti, Kurta, and Pajama. About 122 languages are spoken throughout India. However, Indian culture architecture and sculpture is also appreciated in all over the world. Indian culture also has a range of southern, eastern, northern, western cuisine with different methods and spices.

Categories of Indian Culture

  • Traditional Indian Culture
  • Modern Indian Culture

What is Western Culture?

Western culture introduced as an advanced and modern culture of the world. In Western countries, the religion of most people is Christianity and Judaism. Western culture is mainly preferred in western countries and also invades in some other non-western countries. In Western culture, people favor their happiness, needs, and desires rather than others. In Western culture, people are busy in their own business and don’t interfere with other’s matters. People of Western culture are highly skilled and confident. Love marriage and paper marriage accepted in Western culture. People are permitted to have multiple parents and are frank and friendly in this matter.

People are not closely attached to their parents or family and like better to become self-dependent. After the age of 18, youngsters starting to earn and learn concomitantly. In Western culture, people wear what they want, and there is a limitation regarding their dressing and like to wear revealing dress. In Western culture, people are more conscious about their health and prefer less oily, less spicy, and simple food. Western music highly appreciated in the world. Western culture has small family units.

Pillars of Western Culture

  • Individualism
  • Rights
  • Equality
  • Ethical values
  • Capitalism
  • Freedom

Key Differences

  1. Elderly family members make all the personal decisions in Indian culture, whereas no one interferes in the personal matter of others in Western culture.
  2. In Indian culture, traditional dresses worn on the other hand; there are no such traditional wears in Western culture.
  3. Spicy food is a favorite in Indian culture; conversely, less spicy food is common in Western culture.
  4. Hindi spoke in Indian culture in a high ratio; on the flip side, English mostly spoke in Western culture.
  5. Indian culture is widely spread in India and its neighboring regions, while Western culture is prevalent in all Western countries.
  6. Large families are present in Indian culture; contrarily small families are present in Western culture.
  7. Indian culture is the oldest culture as compared to Western culture.
  8. People of Indian culture are not more open-minded as compared to Western culture.
  9. Indian culture has strong, deep-rooted, and unchanged beliefs; on the contrary Western culture promotes advanced civilizations.
  10. In Western culture, social mixing is very common; on the converse, it is not acceptable in Indian culture.
  11. The joint family system mostly preferred in Indian culture; inversely, the nuclear family system preferred in Western culture.

Conclusion

Indian culture and western culture shows a sharp contrast. Both cultures are different from each other. Indian culture is rich with traditions, whereas western culture is modern invented culture.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson