Difference Wiki

Roti vs. Paratha: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Janet White || Published on January 25, 2024
Roti is a plain, unleavened flatbread, basic and light; paratha is a layered, often stuffed flatbread, richer and flaky.

Key Differences

Roti, a staple in Indian cuisine, is made from whole wheat flour and water, kneaded into a dough. Paratha, while also using wheat flour, often includes ghee or oil in the dough. This difference in ingredients leads to a distinct taste and texture, with roti being more basic and paratha more indulgent.
Roti is typically cooked on a flat griddle or tava, without oil, giving it a slightly toasted, earthy flavor. Paratha, in contrast, is often fried or cooked with ghee or oil, creating layers and a crispy texture. The cooking method of paratha makes it richer and more flavorful compared to the simplicity of roti.
Roti is generally plain, it serves as a versatile accompaniment to various dishes. Paratha, on the other hand, comes in many variations, including stuffed parathas with fillings like potatoes, paneer, or meat, adding a rich and diverse range of flavors.
From a nutritional standpoint, roti is lighter and considered healthier due to its simplicity and lack of oil. Paratha, with its additional fat content, is more calorific and indulgent, making it a less frequent choice for health-conscious individuals.
Both roti and paratha hold significant places in different regional cuisines of the Indian subcontinent. Roti is often a daily bread, symbolizing simplicity and sustenance, while paratha, especially the stuffed varieties, is associated with special occasions or indulgent meals.

Comparison Chart


Whole wheat flour, water
Wheat flour, water, ghee/oil


Soft, light
Layered, flaky

Cooking Method

Cooked without oil, dry
Fried or cooked with oil

Nutritional Value

Lower in calories, healthier
Higher in calories, richer

Cultural Significance

Daily staple, simplicity
Special occasions, indulgent

Roti and Paratha Definitions


Made primarily from whole wheat flour.
She kneaded the roti dough with practiced ease.


A rich, layered Indian flatbread.
The paratha was crispy and flaky, perfect with yogurt.


A basic unleavened flatbread.
For dinner, we had chicken curry with fresh roti.


Comes in plain and stuffed varieties.
I ordered aloo paratha, stuffed with spiced potatoes.


Served with a variety of dishes.
He enjoyed his roti with a side of lentils.


Typically fried or cooked with oil.
The paratha sizzled as it hit the hot pan.


Cooked on a flat griddle or tava.
The roti puffed up as it cooked on the tava.


Known for its rich, indulgent taste.
For breakfast, they made egg paratha, a hearty choice.


A staple bread in Indian cuisine.
Roti is often eaten with hands, tearing it into pieces.


Often includes ghee or oil in its dough.
She brushed the paratha with ghee for extra flavor.


See chapati.


An Indian bread with a texture somewhat resembling puff pastry; sometimes stuffed with vegetables etc.


A kind of unleavened flatbread commonly consumed in South Asia and the Caribbean.
Nepalis eat sweet fried rice-flour doughnuts called sel roti.


Is paratha healthier than roti?

Generally, roti is healthier due to less oil content.

Is roti vegan?

Yes, it's typically vegan.

What makes paratha flaky?

The layers and use of ghee or oil.

Does roti contain yeast?

No, it's unleavened.

What is roti made of?

Roti is made from whole wheat flour and water.

Can roti be flavored?

Yes, though traditionally it's plain.

How is paratha served?

Often with curries, yogurts, or pickles.

Can roti be used for wraps?

Absolutely, it's flexible and durable.

Is paratha a breakfast food?

It can be, especially in North India.

Can paratha be frozen?

Yes, both cooked and uncooked.

Are there different types of paratha?

Yes, including plain and various stuffed versions.

Is roti gluten-free?

Not typically, as it's made with wheat.

What's a popular stuffed paratha?

Aloo (potato) paratha is quite popular.

Can roti be made without oil?

Yes, it's traditionally made without oil.

What's the best way to cook paratha?

On a tava or skillet, with some ghee or oil.

Can paratha be eaten alone?

Yes, but it's often paired with accompaniments.

Is roti common in all of India?

Yes, it's a staple across the country.

Does paratha require special cooking skills?

It requires some practice for layering and stuffing.

How long can roti be stored?

A few days in the refrigerator.

Can roti be reheated?

Yes, though fresh is preferable.
About Author
Written by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

Trending Comparisons

Popular Comparisons

New Comparisons