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Punjabi vs. Gujarati: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Harlon Moss || Updated on October 16, 2023
Punjabi refers to the language and culture of Punjab, India, while Gujarati is associated with the state of Gujarat, India.

Key Differences

Punjabi and Gujarati are both prominent languages and cultural groups in India, yet they originate from distinct regions and have unique characteristics. Punjabi is the primary language spoken in the northern state of Punjab, a region known for its rich history, agriculture, and vibrant culture. It's not only spoken in India but also in parts of Pakistan, particularly in the province of Punjab.
Gujarati, on the other hand, is the official language of the western state of Gujarat. The state is recognized for its coastal areas, business acumen, and the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi. Gujaratis have a strong global diaspora, with significant communities found in many countries around the world.
In terms of script, Punjabi uses the Gurmukhi script, especially in India, while its counterpart in Pakistan employs the Shahmukhi script. Gujarati, in contrast, utilizes its own distinct script known as the Gujarati script. Both languages are Indo-Aryan, but they have different phonetic, grammatical, and vocabulary differences.
Punjabi culture is renowned for its music, dance forms like Bhangra, and delicious cuisine that includes dishes like butter chicken and makki di roti. Gujarati culture, meanwhile, is celebrated for its traditional dance called Garba, vegetarian cuisine such as dhokla, and its festivals like Navratri.
Lastly, both Punjabi and Gujarati communities have made significant contributions to the global landscape. They have rich literary traditions, influential historical figures, and thriving modern entertainment sectors.

Comparison Chart


Primarily spoken in Punjab, India, and Punjab, Pakistan.
Primarily spoken in Gujarat, India.


Gurmukhi in India, Shahmukhi in Pakistan.
Gujarati script.

Prominent Dance Form


Notable Cuisine

Dishes like butter chicken and makki di roti.
Vegetarian dishes like dhokla and khandvi.


Celebrations like Vaisakhi.
Festivals like Navratri and Diwali.

Punjabi and Gujarati Definitions


Pertaining to the culture and traditions of Punjab.
The Punjabi dance performance was energetic and captivating.


Relating to the Gujarat region or its people.
The Gujarati community in our city is quite large.


Relating to the Punjab region or its people.
She wore a traditional Punjabi suit to the event.


The Indic language spoken primarily in Gujarat.
She is fluent in Gujarati and often teaches it to children.


A native or inhabitant of the region of Punjab.
As a Punjabi, he takes pride in his cultural heritage.


A native or inhabitant of the region of Gujarat.
As a Gujarati, he celebrates Navratri with great enthusiasm.


Associated with the cuisine of Punjab.
We had a delicious Punjabi meal at the local restaurant.


Associated with the cuisine of Gujarat.
They served authentic Gujarati dishes at the event.


The Indic language spoken predominantly in Punjab.
He writes poetry in Punjabi.


Pertaining to the culture and traditions of Gujarat.
The Gujarati craftwork on display was intricate and beautiful.


Of or relating to the Punjab or the Punjabi language.


The Indic language of Gujarat.


A native or inhabitant of the Punjab.


A native or inhabitant of Gujarat.


An Indic language spoken in the Punjab.


A member of the people of Gujarat


A member of the majority people of Punjab in northwestern India


The Indic language spoken by the people of India who live in Gujarat in western India


The Indic language spoken by most people in Punjab in northwestern India


Is Punjabi written in the same script in India and Pakistan?

No, in India, it's mainly written in the Gurmukhi script, and in Pakistan, in the Shahmukhi script.

Where is Punjabi primarily spoken?

Punjabi is primarily spoken in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan.

Is Punjabi music popular?

Yes, Punjabi music, especially Bhangra, is globally renowned.

What is Punjabi?

Punjabi is both an ethnic group from the Punjab region and the language spoken by them.

What religion is predominantly associated with the Punjabis in India?

Sikhism is predominantly associated with Punjabis in the Indian state of Punjab.

Are Punjabi and Sikh synonymous?

No, while many Sikhs are Punjabi, not all Punjabis are Sikhs. Punjabi is an ethnicity and language, while Sikhism is a religion.

Are there any notable Gujarati writers?

Yes, writers like Pannalal Patel and K. M. Munshi are renowned Gujarati literary figures.

What are some popular Punjabi dishes?

Dishes like Butter Chicken, Sarson da Saag, and Makki di Roti are popular Punjabi delicacies.

Do Punjabis have a traditional dress?

Yes, for women, it's the "Patiala salwar" and for men, the "Punjabi kurta."

Where is Gujarati primarily spoken?

Gujarati is primarily spoken in the Gujarat state of India.

Which script is Gujarati written in?

Gujarati is written in the Gujarati script.

Is Gujarati vegetarian cuisine well-known?

Yes, Gujarati cuisine is famously vegetarian, known for dishes like Dhokla, Khandvi, and Thepla.

Which religion is predominantly followed by Gujaratis?

Hinduism is the predominant religion, though there are significant Jain and Muslim communities too.

Is the Gujarati diaspora widespread?

Yes, Gujaratis have a significant diaspora, especially in regions like East Africa, the UK, and the US.

Do Gujaratis have a traditional festival?

Yes, "Navratri" is a prominent Gujarati festival celebrated with dance forms like Garba and Dandiya.

What's the significance of the Gujarati city, Ahmedabad?

Ahmedabad, a UNESCO World Heritage City, was an epicenter for India's non-violent freedom struggle led by Mahatma Gandhi.

Was Mahatma Gandhi a Gujarati?

Yes, Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the Indian nation, was of Gujarati origin.

Are there major dialects of Punjabi?

Yes, there are several dialects like Majhi, Malwi, Doabi, and Pothohari, among others.

What is Gujarati?

Gujarati is both an ethnic group from the Gujarat state of India and the language spoken by them.

What's the Punjabi diaspora like?

Punjabis have a significant diaspora, especially in countries like Canada, the UK, and the US.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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