Technology

Difference Between Linux and Windows

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Main Difference

Both Windows and Linux are Operating systems with their own advantages and differ in functionality and user friendliness. The Linux kernel is developed by the community. Linus Torvalds, the original author of Linux, oversees things. Microsoft created the Windows operating system, but allows other computer manufactures to distribute their own computers with Windows pre-installed. Linux – thus Peach OSI, has had about 60-100 viruses listed till this date. there have been more than 60,000 viruses in Windows.

What is Linux?

Linux is an example of Open Source software development and a Free Operating System (OS). In the case of Peach OSI – the OSI stands for Open Source Initiative. Linux can be installed on a wide variety of computer hardware, ranging from netbooks, mobile phones, tablet computers and video game consoles, to mainframes and super computers.

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What is Windows?

Windows is the family of operating systems (OS) from Microsoft, which is the without a doubt the most famous OS in the world. Microsoft has allowed other computer manufactures to distribute their own computers with Windows pre-installed.

Key Differences

  1. Linux and thus Peach OSI can be freely distributed, downloaded freely, distributed through magazines, books etc. There are priced versions for Linux also, but they are normally cheaper than Windows. For desktop or home use, Windows can be expensive. A single copy can cost around $50 to $450 depending on the version of Windows you want to use.
  2. The Linux kernel is developed by the community. Linus Torvalds, the original author of Linux, oversees things. Microsoft created the Windows operating system, but allows other computer manufactures to distribute their own computers with Windows pre-installed.
  3. Linux can be installed on a wide variety of computer hardware, ranging from netbooks, mobile phones, tablet computers and video game consoles, to mainframes and super computers. Windows can be installed On PC’s desktops, laptops, servers and some phones.
  4. Linux is developed by Open Source development i.e. through sharing and collaboration of code and features through forums etc. and it is distributed by various vendors. Windows is developed and distributed solely by Microsoft.
  5. Linux typically provides two GUIs, KDE and Gnome. But there are millions of alternatives such as LXDE, Xfce, Unity, Mate, twm, ect. Peach OSI focuses on the Xfce desktop environment with a little tweak here and there. The Windows GUI is an integral component of the OS and is not replaceable. This can be a con when it comes to Windows 8’s Metro.
  6. BASH (Bourne Again SHell) is the Linux default shell. It can support multiple command interpreters. Windows uses a command shell and each version of Windows has a single command interpreter with dos-like commands, recently there is the addition of the optional PowerShell that uses more Unix-like commands.
  7. Linux – thus Peach OSI, has had about 60-100 viruses listed till this date. there have been more than 60,000 viruses in Windows.
  8. In case of Linux, threat detection and solution is very fast, After detecting a major threat in Windows OS, Microsoft generally releases a patch that can fix the problem and it can take more than 2/3 months.
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Harlon Moss

Harlon currently works as a quality moderator and content writer for Difference Wiki. He graduated from the University of California in 2010 with a degree in Computer Science. Follow him on Twitter @HarlonMoss

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