Technology

Difference Between Ubuntu and Windows 7

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Main Difference

Windows is a closed-source operating system, the majority of which is based only on software developed by Microsoft. Ubuntu is an open-source Linux-based operating system that uses a significant portion of the Debian Linux-based operating system. In turn, both of these operating systems use the Linux kernel, which was/is developed outside of either project. Ubuntu uses the Linux Kernel which is monolithic, Windows uses a hybrid Kernel. Ubuntu is based around the company Canonical and is also community based, Windows is strictly company based.

What is Ubuntu?

Ubuntu is an open source software platform that runs everywhere from the smartphone, the tablet and the PC to the server and the cloud. the free price and higher level of customization make Ubuntu an appealing choice. Ubuntu uses the Linux Kernel which is monolithic.

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What is Windows 7?

Windows 7 (codenamed Vienna, formerly Blackcomb) is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft. Windows 7 is a staple of the corporate work environment and takes precedence in many professional situations.

Key Differences

  1. Ubuntu is completely free for residential use. Compared to the price tag of Windows 7 (which can easily be over $300 per computer), Ubuntu quickly becomes a very desirable alternative to the standard Windows or OS X offerings.
  2. Although the free price and higher level of customization make Ubuntu an appealing choice, Windows 7 is still a staple of the corporate work environment and takes precedence in many professional situations.
  3. Ubuntu uses the Linux Kernel which is monolithic, Windows uses a hybrid Kernel.
  4. Ubuntu has multiple Desktop Environments, e.g., Unity, Gnome, Mate, KDE, LXDE, Xfce, e17, &c., MS generally has only one UI.
  5. Ubuntu can be used as a Desktop Operating System and as a server (the desktop version can be used as a server as well), Windows Desktop is not designed for servers.
  6. Ubuntu can run on a wider variety of hardware architecture e.g., x86, PPC, &c., where Windows is more limited.
  7. Ubuntu is based around the company Canonical and is also community based, Windows is strictly company based.
  8. Linux has very deep, yet simple and efficient file rights management out of the box and additional restriction mechanisms available. Windows started implementing the same technique starting with Windows 2000, but even today its security model is weak.
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Harlon Moss

Harlon currently works as a quality moderator and content writer for Difference Wiki. He graduated from the University of California in 2010 with a degree in Computer Science. Follow him on Twitter @HarlonMoss

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