Difference Between Mozzarella Cheese and Cheddar Cheese

Main Difference

The main difference between mozzarella and cheddar cheese is that mozzarella cheese comes from Italy while the cheddar cheese originates in England.

Mozzarella Cheese vs. Cheddar Cheese

Mozzarella cheese originates from Italy, and the Cheddar cheese originates from a village called Cheddar in the county Somerset in England. Mozzarella cheese is typically white, but sometimes it changes to yellow color too (possibly due to the effect of the animal diet involved). Cheddar cheese is yellowish white. Mozzarella cheese is not hard and semi-soft in its texture. Cheddar cheese is so hard in its texture. Mozzarella cheese is known for its soft and chewy texture. It is usually made from the milk of the water buffalo. Cheddar cheese is made using milk from the cow. The milk of a cow is also sometimes used in the preparation of mozzarella cheese. The life of Mozzarella cheese is long. It generally can be preserved in the refrigerator for about one to six months. Cheddar cheese has the longest life in terms of preservation. It is amazing to know that it can be preserved sometimes up to 60 months. In the case of pasteurization, the mozzarella cheese does not require to be pasteurized very often, but cheddar cheese is frequently pasteurized. Furthermore, mozzarella cheese does not require any special attention, while cheddar cheese requires special facilities for storage and needs to be kept at a constant temperature. As compared to the production of mozzarella cheese, cheddar cheese is produced worldwide. It is produced in countries like Australia, United States, Belgium, Netherlands, New Zealand, and Sweden. It is popular in the United Kingdom.

Comparison Chart

Mozzarella CheeseCheddar Cheese
A type of cheese that comes from ItalyA type of cheese that originates in England
Texture
SoftHard
Color
WhiteYellowish white
Pasteurization
Requires lessRequires more
Milk Used
Water buffalo’s milk/ Cow’s milkCow’s milk

What is Mozzarella Cheese?

Cheese is the main ingredient used in many delicacies. It is a dairy product and is widely manufactured, sold, and consumed all over the world. Mozzarella cheese is a kind of cheese that originates from Italy. It is typically white. Sometimes, mozzarella cheese is yellow too due to the effect of the animal diet involved. Mozzarella cheese is soft and chewy in its texture. It is usually made from the milk of the water buffalo. The milk of a cow is also sometimes used in its preparation. Mozzarella cheese has a long life as it can be preserved in the refrigerator for about one to six months. Mozzarella cheese does not require to be pasteurized very often. It also does not require any special facilities for storage. Cutting and spinning and are used in the preparation of the Mozzarella cheese. Buffalo mozzarella is made from the domesticated water buffalo milk and is very popular in Italy. Mozzarella cheese is easier to cook. Mozzarella cheese is mostly used in the preparation of pizza, lasagna, or for any treatment that has a phenomenal cheesy taste. Its soft texture makes it easy to melt in the oven. There are two types of mozzarella cheese, the fresh and the aged. The cow’s milk, from which it is prepared, is aged in the storage area for either a shorter longer time, depending on the desired type. Mozzarella Curd also is known as “stretching Curd,” is used to stretching fresh Mozzarella cheeses. The ingredients for these cheese curds are pasteurized whole milk, Vinegar, Calcium Chloride, vegetable rennet.

Types

  • Bocconcini (bite-size Mozzarella ball)
  • Ciliegine (cherry size Mozzarella Ball)
  • Perlini (pearl size Mozzarella Ball)

What is Cheddar Cheese?

Cheddar cheese originates from a village called Cheddar in the county Somerset in England. Cheddar cheese is made using milk from the cow; that is why it is yellowish white. Cheddar cheese is so hard in its texture. The reason or its hard texture is the presence of a large amount of calcium lactate. Due to this hardness, it needs to be packaged carefully. It is packaged largely in larded cloth or black wax. In terms of preservation, cheddar cheese has the longest life. It is amazing to know that it can be preserved sometimes up to 60 months. Cheddar cheese needs to be frequently pasteurized. Moreover, cheddar cheese requires special facilities for storage and needs to be kept at a constant temperature. Cheddar cheese is the most commercially produced cheese variant. It is produced in countries like Australia, United States, Belgium, Netherlands, New Zealand, and Sweden. It is popular in the United Kingdom. Although several varieties of cheddar cheese are made in the United Kingdom. But the variety called “Quickes” won the best cheese award given by the British Cheese Association. During processing, cheddar cheese is kept at a constant temperature. It also needs special facilities in its processing. Cheddar Curds are the beginning stage of cheddar cheese. The ingredients for these cheese curds are pasteurized whole milk, salt, rennet, and cheddar culture. Salt is mixed in after the weigh is drained off and the curds are milled (cut). Cheddar cheese curds are also known as “Squeaky Cheese.” The types of cheddar cheese curds are Mild, Medium, Sharp, Extra Sharp, and any other kind of exotic sharp cheddar cheeses.

Key Differences

  1. Mozzarella cheese originates from Italy whereas the cheddar cheese originates from a village called Cheddar in the county Somerset in England.
  2. Mozzarella cheese is white on the flip side cheddar cheese is yellowish white.
  3. Mozzarella cheese is soft and chewy in its texture conversely cheddar cheese is so hard in its texture.
  4. Mozzarella cheese is made from the milk of the water buffalo while the cheddar cheese is made using milk from the cow
  5. Mozzarella cheese does not require to be pasteurized very often; on the other hand, cheddar cheese needs to be frequently pasteurized.

Conclusion

Mozzarella and cheddar are two different types of cheese. They are different in the methods of their preparation, content, texture, and nutrient.

Author:

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson

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