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Mozzarella Cheese vs. Cheddar Cheese: What's the Difference?

Edited by Janet White || By Harlon Moss || Updated on October 11, 2023
Mozzarella cheese is soft, white, and moist, often used in pizza, while cheddar cheese is typically firm, orange or white, and aged for a tangy flavor.

Key Differences

Mozzarella cheese originates from Italy, traditionally made from buffalo milk, though cow milk variations are widely available. Cheddar cheese, on the contrary, originates from England and is traditionally made from cow’s milk. Mozzarella boasts a mild, delicate flavor, while cheddar comes with a distinctly rich and sometimes sharp taste.
When you consider texture, mozzarella cheese presents a soft, moist, and somewhat elastic consistency. Cheddar cheese, meanwhile, offers a harder, crumbly texture, especially when aged. Notably, mozzarella can be smoothly melted, making it a favorite in various dishes, whereas cheddar melts differently and can sometimes separate if overheated.
In a culinary context, mozzarella cheese finds its role predominantly in Italian dishes like pizzas and lasagnas due to its melty quality. On the flip side, cheddar cheese is versatile, used in a myriad of cuisines, including on burgers, in sandwiches, and as part of cheese platters, owing to its robust, adaptable flavor.
The aging and fermentation process is pivotal in discerning between the two. Mozzarella cheese is generally enjoyed fresh and is usually not aged for long periods, retaining its moisture and mild flavor. Conversely, cheddar cheese is aged for varying durations – sometimes several years – which enhances its sharpness and depth of flavor.
When it comes to nutritional aspects, mozzarella cheese tends to be lower in fat and calories compared to cheddar cheese, making it a lighter option for those conscious of their dietary intake. Cheddar, however, often brings a denser nutritional profile, along with its richer taste, which can be high in fats and calories.

Comparison Chart


Italy, made traditionally from buffalo milk.
England, made traditionally from cow's milk.


Soft, moist, and slightly elastic.
Firm, sometimes crumbly, especially when aged.

Flavor Profile

Mild, subtle, and creamy.
Rich, robust, can be sharp and tangy.

Usage in Cuisine

Predominantly in Italian dishes like pizzas.
Versatile, used in numerous dishes worldwide.

Aging Process

Typically not aged long, consumed fresh.
Can be aged for months to several years.

Mozzarella Cheese and Cheddar Cheese Definitions

Mozzarella Cheese

Known for its mild and subtle flavor profile.
She appreciated the light, not overwhelming taste of the mozzarella cheese in her salad.

Cheddar Cheese

Often orange or white in color, with a firm and slightly crumbly texture.
She grated the cheddar cheese, noting its firm, easy-to-shred consistency.

Mozzarella Cheese

Often utilized in Italian dishes, especially pizzas and pastas.
A layer of mozzarella cheese was nestled between the pasta sheets, providing a creamy texture.

Cheddar Cheese

Available in various forms and aging profiles, each offering a unique flavor.
She selected an aged cheddar cheese, expecting a deeper, more intense flavor in her dish.

Mozzarella Cheese

Characterized by its elastic, stringy texture when melted.
The mozzarella cheese stretched beautifully as they pulled apart the hot pizza slices.

Cheddar Cheese

Typically made from cow’s milk and aged to enhance its flavor.
The longer the cheddar cheese was aged, the sharper and more distinct its flavor became.

Mozzarella Cheese

A soft, white cheese traditionally made from buffalo milk.
The pizza was topped with a generous helping of mozzarella cheese.

Cheddar Cheese

A type of cheese originating from England, known for its rich and sometimes sharp flavor.
The cheddar cheese added a robust, tangy flavor to the burger.

Mozzarella Cheese

Can be found in various forms, including fresh, shredded, or in blocks.
She opted to buy fresh mozzarella cheese, appreciating its moist, delicate nature.

Cheddar Cheese

Widely used in various cuisines, from cheese platters to melted into dishes.
He melted the cheddar cheese into the sauce, creating a rich, creamy texture.


Where does mozzarella cheese originate from?


What’s a key flavor difference between mozzarella and cheddar?

Mozzarella is milder; cheddar can be sharp and robust.

Which cheese is typically used on pizza?


What type of milk is traditional cheddar cheese made from?

Cow’s milk.

Can both mozzarella and cheddar be used in baking?

Yes, both can be used in various baking dishes.

How is mozzarella cheese’s texture described?

Soft and slightly elastic.

Can mozzarella and cheddar be substituted for one another in recipes?

It depends on the recipe, as they have different flavors and melting properties.

How should cheddar cheese be stored?

Ideally, in a cool, dry place, often in the refrigerator.

How long can cheddar cheese be aged?

From a few months to several years.

Can cheddar cheese be melted easily in cooking?

Yes, but it may separate if overheated.

What dishes is mozzarella cheese commonly used in?

Pizzas, lasagnas, and salads.

Is cheddar cheese naturally orange?

No, it’s often dyed to an orange color, but naturally, it's white.

Is mozzarella cheese always made from buffalo milk?

Traditionally, yes, but many are now made from cow’s milk.

Is mozzarella cheese lower in fat than cheddar?

Yes, generally mozzarella is lower in fat and calories.

Is cheddar cheese suitable for cheese boards?

Absolutely, it’s a popular choice for cheese boards.

Why does cheddar cheese taste sharp sometimes?

Because it can be aged, which enhances its flavor.

Is fresh mozzarella cheese available in forms other than balls?

Yes, it’s also available shredded or sliced in some markets.

Can you freeze mozzarella cheese?

Yes, though it may alter its texture slightly upon thawing.

Is mozzarella cheese aged like cheddar?

No, mozzarella is typically enjoyed fresh.

Can cheddar cheese be used in Italian dishes?

Yes, though it's not as traditional as mozzarella.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Edited by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.

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