Difference Wiki

Measles vs. Rubella: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sumera Saeed || Updated on October 29, 2023
Measles is a viral infection causing fever, cough, and characteristic red rash; rubella, or German measles, is milder but can harm fetus in pregnancy.

Key Differences

Measles is a highly contagious viral infection characterized by a fever, cough, and red rash that starts on the face and spreads. It is caused by the measles virus. Rubella, also known as German measles, is a milder viral infection but can be serious if contracted during pregnancy, as it can lead to birth defects. It is caused by the rubella virus.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 29, 2023
Measles typically affects children and can lead to serious complications such as pneumonia, encephalitis, and death. Vaccination has significantly reduced its incidence. Rubella is generally mild in children and adults, but if a pregnant woman contracts rubella, it can lead to congenital rubella syndrome in the baby, which can cause heart defects, deafness, and other complications.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 29, 2023
The measles virus is transmitted through respiratory droplets, and the infection can spread easily in communities with low vaccination rates. Rubella is also transmitted through respiratory droplets, but it is less contagious than measles. Vaccination is effective in preventing both infections.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 29, 2023
Both measles and rubella can be prevented with the MMR vaccine, which also protects against mumps. The vaccine is typically given in two doses, with the first dose administered at 12-15 months of age and the second dose at 4-6 years of age. The vaccine is highly effective and safe, and it is an important tool in preventing these serious infections.
Sara Rehman
Oct 29, 2023

Comparison Chart

Causative virus

Measles virus
Rubella virus
Sumera Saeed
Oct 29, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Severity

More severe
Milder
Sumera Saeed
Oct 29, 2023

Common symptoms

Fever, cough, red rash
Mild fever, pink rash
Sumera Saeed
Oct 29, 2023

Complications

Pneumonia, encephalitis, death
Congenital rubella syndrome
Aimie Carlson
Oct 29, 2023

Prevention

MMR vaccine
MMR vaccine
Janet White
Oct 29, 2023

Measles and Rubella Definitions

Measles

Measles is a viral infection characterized by a red rash.
The measles rash started on Lucy's face before spreading to her body.
Huma Saeed
Oct 29, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Rubella

Rubella is a viral infection also known as German measles.
Jane had a mild case of rubella as a child.
Huma Saeed
Oct 29, 2023

Measles

The MMR vaccine protects against measles.
The MMR vaccine is highly effective in preventing measles.
Janet White
Oct 29, 2023

Rubella

The MMR vaccine protects against rubella.
Vaccination is the best way to prevent rubella.
Sara Rehman
Oct 29, 2023

Measles

Measles was once common in the United States.
Measles cases have significantly declined in the United States thanks to widespread vaccination.
Harlon Moss
Oct 29, 2023

Rubella

Rubella is caused by the rubella virus.
The rubella virus can cause birth defects if contracted during pregnancy.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 29, 2023

Measles

Measles can lead to serious complications.
Complications from measles can include pneumonia and encephalitis.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 29, 2023

Rubella

Rubella is generally milder than measles.
Rubella symptoms are typically mild, but the infection can be serious during pregnancy.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 29, 2023

Measles

Measles is caused by the measles virus.
The measles virus is highly contagious and can spread rapidly in unvaccinated populations.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 29, 2023

Rubella

Rubella can lead to congenital rubella syndrome.
Congenital rubella syndrome can result in heart defects and deafness.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 29, 2023

FAQs

What is rubella?

Rubella is a viral infection also known as German measles.
Huma Saeed
Oct 29, 2023

How is measles transmitted?

Measles is transmitted through respiratory droplets.
Sara Rehman
Oct 29, 2023

How does rubella affect pregnant women?

Rubella can lead to birth defects if contracted during pregnancy.
Sara Rehman
Oct 29, 2023

Is the MMR vaccine safe?

The MMR vaccine is safe and effective in preventing measles, mumps, and rubella.
Sara Rehman
Oct 29, 2023

What is measles?

Measles is a viral infection characterized by a red rash.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 29, 2023

What are the complications of rubella?

The main complication of rubella is congenital rubella syndrome.
Harlon Moss
Oct 29, 2023

How is measles prevented?

Measles is prevented with the MMR vaccine.
Sara Rehman
Oct 29, 2023

Can measles be serious?

Yes, measles can be serious and can lead to death.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 29, 2023

Can rubella be serious?

Rubella is generally mild but can be serious if contracted during pregnancy.
Janet White
Oct 29, 2023

Is there a cure for measles?

There is no cure for measles, but it can be prevented with vaccination.
Sara Rehman
Oct 29, 2023

How does measles affect children?

Measles can be severe in children and can lead to serious complications.
Harlon Moss
Oct 29, 2023

What causes measles?

Measles is caused by the measles virus.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 29, 2023

What causes rubella?

Rubella is caused by the rubella virus.
Harlon Moss
Oct 29, 2023

What are the complications of measles?

Complications of measles can include pneumonia and encephalitis.
Harlon Moss
Oct 29, 2023

What are the symptoms of measles?

Symptoms of measles include a red rash, fever, and cough.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 29, 2023

Is there a cure for rubella?

There is no cure for rubella, but it can be prevented with vaccination.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 29, 2023

How is rubella transmitted?

Rubella is transmitted through respiratory droplets.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 29, 2023

How is rubella prevented?

Rubella is prevented with the MMR vaccine.
Sara Rehman
Oct 29, 2023

What is congenital rubella syndrome?

Congenital rubella syndrome is a condition that can occur in a baby if the mother contracts rubella during pregnancy.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 29, 2023

What are the symptoms of rubella?

Symptoms of rubella include a pink rash and mild fever.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 29, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

Trending Comparisons

Popular Comparisons

New Comparisons