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Animal Cell Mitosis vs. Plant Cell Mitosis: What's the Difference?

Edited by Sawaira Riaz || By Sumera Saeed || Updated on October 30, 2023
Animal cell mitosis involves cleavage furrow formation for cytokinesis; plant cell mitosis involves cell plate formation for cytokinesis.

Key Differences

Animal cell mitosis and plant cell mitosis are processes that enable cells to divide and create two identical daughter cells. In animal cell mitosis, cytokinesis occurs through the formation of a cleavage furrow that pinches the cell into two. In plant cell mitosis, a cell plate forms during cytokinesis to separate the two new cells.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023
During animal cell mitosis, centrioles and spindle fibers are involved in the segregation of chromosomes. In contrast, plant cell mitosis does not involve centrioles, and the spindle fibers form without them. The difference in cellular structures between animal and plant cells results in variations in the mitotic process.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023
In animal cell mitosis, the cells round up and lose adhesion with neighboring cells. In plant cell mitosis, cells maintain their rigid structure due to the presence of a cell wall. The process of cytokinesis also differs, with animal cells undergoing cleavage furrow formation and plant cells forming a cell plate.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023
Overall, while the purpose of animal cell mitosis and plant cell mitosis is the same – to create two identical daughter cells – the processes differ in terms of the cellular structures involved and the mechanics of cytokinesis.
Janet White
Oct 30, 2023

Comparison Chart

Cytokinesis

Occurs through cleavage furrow formation
Occurs through cell plate formation
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023
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Centrioles and Spindle Fibers

Involve centrioles and spindle fibers
Does not involve centrioles; spindle fibers form independently
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Cell Structure During Mitosis

Cells round up and lose adhesion
Cells maintain rigid structure due to cell wall
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Adherence to Neighboring Cells

Lose adhesion with neighboring cells
Maintain adhesion with neighboring cells
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Mechanics of Cytokinesis

Cleavage furrow pinches the cell into two
Cell plate forms to separate the two new cells
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Animal Cell Mitosis and Plant Cell Mitosis Definitions

Animal Cell Mitosis

Animal cell mitosis involves the formation of a cleavage furrow during cytokinesis.
The cleavage furrow pinches the cell into two during animal cell mitosis.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023
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Plant Cell Mitosis

Plant cell mitosis does not require the presence of centrioles.
In plant cell mitosis, spindle fibers form independently of centrioles.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 30, 2023

Animal Cell Mitosis

Animal cell mitosis includes phases such as prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.
During metaphase of animal cell mitosis, chromosomes align at the cell's equator.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Plant Cell Mitosis

Plant cell mitosis involves the formation of a cell plate during cytokinesis.
The cell plate separates the two new cells during plant cell mitosis.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Animal Cell Mitosis

Animal cell mitosis is characterized by the rounding up of cells and loss of adhesion with neighboring cells.
Cells undergoing animal cell mitosis lose adhesion to facilitate cell division.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Plant Cell Mitosis

Plant cell mitosis includes phases such as prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.
During anaphase of plant cell mitosis, sister chromatids are pulled to opposite poles.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Animal Cell Mitosis

Animal cell mitosis requires the presence of centrioles and spindle fibers.
Centrioles help organize spindle fibers during animal cell mitosis.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Plant Cell Mitosis

Plant cell mitosis is the process by which a plant cell divides into two identical daughter cells.
Plant cell mitosis is vital for the growth of plants.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 30, 2023

Animal Cell Mitosis

Animal cell mitosis is the process by which an animal cell divides into two identical daughter cells.
Animal cell mitosis is essential for growth and repair of tissues.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 30, 2023

Plant Cell Mitosis

Plant cell mitosis is characterized by the maintenance of a rigid structure due to the cell wall.
The cell wall helps maintain the structure of cells during plant cell mitosis.
Sara Rehman
Oct 30, 2023

FAQs

What is the main difference between animal cell mitosis and plant cell mitosis?

The main difference is in the process of cytokinesis, with animal cells forming a cleavage furrow and plant cells forming a cell plate.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

What is the role of the cell plate in plant cell mitosis?

The cell plate separates the two new cells during cytokinesis.
Janet White
Oct 30, 2023

What is plant cell mitosis?

Plant cell mitosis is the process by which a plant cell divides into two identical daughter cells.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 30, 2023

How are animal cells and plant cells similar during mitosis?

Both undergo prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase to divide into two identical daughter cells.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Are spindle fibers present in plant cell mitosis?

Yes, spindle fibers are present, but they form independently of centrioles.
Janet White
Oct 30, 2023

What happens to the spindle fibers in plant cell mitosis?

The spindle fibers form independently of centrioles to help segregate chromosomes.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 30, 2023

How do animal and plant cells ensure that each daughter cell receives the correct number of chromosomes?

Both animal and plant cells utilize spindle fibers to segregate chromosomes evenly between the two daughter cells.
Harlon Moss
Oct 30, 2023

Are centrioles involved in plant cell mitosis?

No, centrioles are not involved in plant cell mitosis.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

What are the phases of animal cell mitosis?

The phases are prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.
Harlon Moss
Oct 30, 2023

How is the cell wall involved in plant cell mitosis?

The cell wall helps maintain the cell's rigid structure during mitosis.
Sara Rehman
Oct 30, 2023

Are centrioles involved in animal cell mitosis?

Yes, centrioles are involved and help organize spindle fibers.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 30, 2023

What is the role of the cleavage furrow in animal cell mitosis?

The cleavage furrow pinches the cell into two during cytokinesis.
Janet White
Oct 30, 2023

What is the purpose of plant cell mitosis?

The purpose is to create two identical daughter cells for plant growth.
Harlon Moss
Oct 30, 2023

How do plant cells differ from animal cells in terms of cellular structures involved in mitosis?

Plant cells have a cell wall and do not have centrioles, while animal cells have centrioles and do not have a cell wall.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

What is animal cell mitosis?

Animal cell mitosis is the process by which an animal cell divides into two identical daughter cells.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

How do animal cells change shape during mitosis?

Animal cells round up and lose adhesion with neighboring cells during mitosis.
Sara Rehman
Oct 30, 2023

What are the phases of plant cell mitosis?

The phases are prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase, similar to animal cell mitosis.
Harlon Moss
Oct 30, 2023

What is the purpose of animal cell mitosis?

The purpose is to create two identical daughter cells for growth and repair of tissues.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 30, 2023

Is cytokinesis the same in animal and plant cell mitosis?

No, cytokinesis differs, with animal cells forming a cleavage furrow and plant cells forming a cell plate.
Janet White
Oct 30, 2023

How do plant cells maintain their shape during mitosis?

Plant cells maintain their rigid structure due to the presence of a cell wall.
Harlon Moss
Oct 30, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.

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