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Hypothesis vs. Prediction: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sumera Saeed || Updated on October 18, 2023
A hypothesis is a testable explanation for a phenomenon, while a prediction is a forecast of what will happen under specific conditions based on a hypothesis.

Key Differences

A hypothesis serves as a proposed explanation for a phenomenon or set of observations. It forms the basis of research or experimentation. A prediction, meanwhile, is a specific statement forecasting a particular event or outcome based on the hypothesis.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 18, 2023
A hypothesis is often formed after observing and analyzing a particular pattern or phenomenon. It is broader and can be general. A prediction is derived from a hypothesis and describes a specific outcome expected in a particular situation.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 18, 2023
While both hypothesis and prediction are subject to testing, the hypothesis is what is fundamentally being tested in experiments or research. Predictions are used to verify if the hypothesis holds true under the set conditions.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 18, 2023
If a prediction proves incorrect, it may suggest the hypothesis is flawed or incomplete. On the other hand, consistently accurate predictions can strengthen confidence in the hypothesis.
Harlon Moss
Oct 18, 2023
In scientific research, a hypothesis sets the stage for an experiment or study, providing a theoretical framework. Predictions are concrete statements made before the experiment is conducted, giving clarity on what to expect if the hypothesis is correct.
Janet White
Oct 18, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Definition

Proposed explanation for a phenomenon.
Forecast of an outcome based on a hypothesis.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 18, 2023

Basis

Observations and prior knowledge.
Derived from the hypothesis.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 18, 2023

Scope

General and broad.
Specific and narrow.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 18, 2023

Testability

Forms the foundation of tests.
Used to confirm the hypothesis by verifying outcomes.
Janet White
Oct 18, 2023

Impact of Incorrectness

Leads to re-evaluation or modification.
Can cast doubt on the validity of the hypothesis.
Harlon Moss
Oct 18, 2023
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Hypothesis and Prediction Definitions

Hypothesis

An educated guess in science that can be tested.
The scientist's hypothesis was that the chemical would change color under intense heat.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 18, 2023

Prediction

A statement foretelling a future event.
The meteorologist's prediction was of rain tomorrow.
Huma Saeed
Oct 18, 2023

Hypothesis

A tentative explanation for an observation.
Based on the strange behavior of the birds, my hypothesis is that there's a change in the weather.
Huma Saeed
Oct 18, 2023

Prediction

A forecast based on evidence or trends.
Her prediction about fashion trends always seemed to be accurate.
Harlon Moss
Oct 18, 2023

Hypothesis

A proposition made as a starting point for further investigation.
Her hypothesis regarding the historical site led to a new archaeological dig.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 18, 2023

Prediction

An educated guess about an outcome.
Based on the data, his prediction was that sales would increase by 10% next quarter.
Harlon Moss
Oct 18, 2023

Hypothesis

An assumption used to draw conclusions.
Based on the hypothesis that demand would rise, the company increased production.
Janet White
Oct 18, 2023

Prediction

A specific result expected from a hypothesis.
The scientist's prediction was that the mice would navigate the maze faster after the treatment.
Harlon Moss
Oct 18, 2023

Hypothesis

An underlying explanation that leads to predictions.
The researcher's hypothesis about sleep patterns offered fresh insights into insomnia.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 18, 2023

Prediction

An outcome anticipated from a set of conditions.
The model gave a prediction of higher temperatures due to global warming.
Harlon Moss
Oct 18, 2023

Hypothesis

A tentative explanation for an observation, phenomenon, or scientific problem that can be tested by further investigation.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 12, 2016

Prediction

The act of predicting.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 12, 2016

Hypothesis

Something taken to be true for the purpose of argument or investigation; an assumption.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 12, 2016

Prediction

Something foretold or predicted; a prophecy.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 12, 2016

FAQs

What happens if a prediction is wrong?

A wrong prediction may suggest a flaw in the hypothesis or the conditions of the test.
Harlon Moss
Oct 18, 2023

What is the primary purpose of a hypothesis?

A hypothesis offers a testable explanation for a specific phenomenon or set of observations.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 18, 2023

Can one hypothesis lead to multiple predictions?

Yes, a single hypothesis can result in several predictions depending on the conditions.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 18, 2023

Are hypotheses limited to scientific research?

No, while commonly used in science, hypotheses can be found in various fields of study.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 18, 2023

Can predictions be made without a hypothesis?

Yes, predictions can be based on trends or intuition, but in scientific contexts, they often stem from hypotheses.
Harlon Moss
Oct 18, 2023

How is a prediction related to a hypothesis?

A prediction is a specific outcome expected based on the hypothesis.
Huma Saeed
Oct 18, 2023

Can a hypothesis be proven?

A hypothesis can be supported or refuted, but not absolutely proven.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 18, 2023

What makes a good hypothesis?

A good hypothesis is clear, testable, based on existing knowledge, and falsifiable.
Sara Rehman
Oct 18, 2023

How is a hypothesis different from a theory?

A hypothesis is a testable proposition, while a theory is a well-substantiated explanation based on extensive evidence.
Harlon Moss
Oct 18, 2023

What should one do if the hypothesis is not supported by evidence?

One should revisit, modify, or discard the hypothesis based on the evidence.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 18, 2023

How are predictions useful in experiments?

Predictions offer specific expected outcomes, helping in designing experiments and gauging results.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 18, 2023

Can a hypothesis change over time?

Yes, a hypothesis can evolve based on new observations and evidence.
Harlon Moss
Oct 18, 2023

Why is it essential for a prediction to be specific?

Specificity in predictions allows for clear testing and validation of the hypothesis.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 18, 2023

Are predictions always about the future?

Mostly, but predictions can also forecast outcomes of situations from the past that haven't been observed.
Sara Rehman
Oct 18, 2023

Can multiple predictions validate a single hypothesis?

Yes, consistent outcomes across multiple predictions can strengthen confidence in a hypothesis.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 18, 2023

Is a hypothesis always correct?

No, hypotheses are tentative explanations and can be refuted by evidence.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 18, 2023

Are all predictions accurate?

No, predictions can be incorrect, which can lead to revisiting the underlying hypothesis.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 18, 2023

What role do hypotheses and predictions play in the scientific method?

They are integral, with the hypothesis providing a theoretical base and predictions guiding experimental outcomes.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 18, 2023

Can a hypothesis be a question?

No, a hypothesis is a statement, but it often originates from a research question.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 18, 2023

Can predictions be qualitative?

Yes, predictions can be both qualitative and quantitative.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 18, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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