Difference Between Evaporation and Vaporization

Main Difference

We roughly know about the three states of matter, solid, liquid and gas. Their conversion from one form to the other form involves tightening or losing of the inter molecular forces between molecules of element or compound. Vaporization and Evaporation are the processes regrading the phase transition from liquid to gas, they are often used interchangeably without knowing the exact difference between them. Vaporization of an element or compound is a phase transition from the liquid phase to vapor. There are two types of vaporization: evaporation and boiling, whereas Evaporation is the type of vaporization which happens at temperatures below the boiling point. The other type of vaporization, boiling is the rapid vaporization which occurs when the liquid is heated and vapor pressure of a liquid becomes equal to the external pressure surrounding the liquid. In this process, bubbles are formed within the liquid upon heating.

Comparison Chart

EvaporationVaporization
DefinitionEvaporation is the type of vaporization which happens at temperatures below the boiling point.Vaporization of an element or compound is a phase transition from the liquid phase to vapor. There are two types of vaporization: evaporation and boiling.
Evaporation vs. Boling ExampleWater boils at 212 degrees F (100 degrees C)Water actually begins to evaporate at 32 degrees F (0 degrees C), but at slow speed.

What is Evaporation?

Evaporation is the process of the transition of liquid state into a gaseous state due to an increase in temperature and/or pressure. It should be kept mention here that increase in temperature doesn’t mean that it reaches the boiling part of the certain liquid. It is a general increase in the temperature, like process of evaporation will be fast during day time as compare to the night. In boiling, vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the external pressure surrounding the liquid and the bubbles formation start in the liquid when it is placed upon heating, although it is not the case in evaporation. Evaporation is a integral part of the water cycle, and that too happens naturally with water evaporating from the water reservoirs and then coming back in form of rain.

What is Vaporization?

Vaporization of an element or compound is a phase transition from the liquid phase to vapor. There are two types of vaporization: evaporation and boiling. According to the some of the definitions, vaporization is any transition to gaseous phase, whether from solid to gas or liquid to gas. Following it, sublimation, which is phase transition from solid to gas is also said to be one of the type vaporization. The two types of vaporization, boiling and evaporation are directly proportional to the increase in the temperature, they can be differentiated from a common a example: Water boils at 212 degrees F (100 degrees C), but it actually begins to evaporate at 32 degrees F (0 degrees C), at slow speed.

Evaporation vs. Vaporization

  • Vaporization of an element or compound is a phase transition from the liquid phase to vapor. There are two types of vaporization: evaporation and boiling, whereas Evaporation is the type of vaporization which happens at temperatures below the boiling point.
  • The other type of vaporization, boiling is the rapid vaporization which occurs when the liquid is heated and vapor pressure of a liquid becomes equal to the external pressure surrounding the liquid.
  • Evaporation is a integral part of natural phenomena like water cycle, and that happens with the water evaporating from the water reservoirs and then coming back in form of rain.
  • Water boils at 212 degrees F (100 degrees C), but it actually begins to evaporate at 32 degrees F (0 degrees C), at slow speed.

Comparison Video

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Harlon Moss

Harlon currently works as a quality moderator and content writer for Difference Wiki. He graduated from the University of California in 2010 with a degree in Computer Science. Follow him on Twitter @HarlonMoss

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