History vs. Literature

Main Difference

The main difference between History and Literature is that History is the occurrence of events in the past, whereas Literature is an artistic expression about society and life.

History vs. Literature — Is There a Difference?

Difference Between History and Literature

History vs. Literature

History is the occurrence of events in the past, while literature is the artistic expression in the past.

History vs. Literature

A study about the past is history, whereas literature is the study of written work that happens in the past.

History vs. Literature

History deals with facts and information; meanwhile, literature mostly deals with the imagination of the authors.

History vs. Literature

In history, written records are considered as an accurate source; on the flip side, literature often contains fiction.


The aggregate of past events.

History repeats itself if we don’t learn from its mistakes.


The body of all written works.



The branch of knowledge that studies the past; the assessment of notable events.

He teaches history at the university.History will not look kindly on these tyrants.He dreams of an invention that will make history.


The collected creative writing of a nation, people, group, or culture.


(countable) A set of events involving an entity.

What is your medical history?The family's history includes events best forgotten.


All the papers, treatises, etc. published in academic journals on a particular subject.


(countable) A record or narrative description of past events.

I really enjoyed Shakespeare's tragedies more than his histories.


Written fiction of a high standard.

However, even “literary” science fiction rarely qualifies as literature, because it treats characters as sets of traits rather than as fully realized human beings with unique life stories. —Adam Cadre, 2008


A list of past and continuing medical conditions of an individual or family.

A personal medical history is required for the insurance policy.He has a history of cancer in his family.


creative writing of recognized artistic value


A record of previous user events, especially of visited web pages in a browser.

I visited a great site yesterday but forgot the URL. Luckily, I didn't clear my history.


the humanistic study of a body of literature;

he took a course in Russian lit


(informal) Something that no longer exists or is no longer relevant.

I told him that if he doesn't get his act together, he's history.


published writings in a particular style on a particular subject;

the technical literatureone aspect of Waterloo has not yet been treated in the literature


(uncountable) Shared experience or interaction.

There is too much history between them for them to split up now.He has had a lot of history with the police.


the profession or art of a writer;

her place in literature is secure


(obsolete) To narrate or record.


the aggregate of past events;

a critical time in the school's history


the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future;

all of human history


a record or narrative description of past events;

a history of Francehe gave an inaccurate account of the plot to kill the presidentthe story of exposure to lead


the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings;

he teaches Medieval historyhistory takes the long view


all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing; a body of knowledge;

the dawn of recorded historyfrom the beginning of history

Comparison Chart

A study about the past is called history.The study of written work is called literature.
It deals with facts and information.It deals mostly with the imagination of the authors, literary devices, fiction, etc.
Written records are considered as an accurate source in history.Written works often contain fiction; therefore, it may not be considered as an accurate source in literature.
Methodologies like statistical interference, source criticism, arguments from analogy, etc. are used.Methodologies like reading, critical appreciation, and decoding are used.
It tells about past events.It tells us about the artistic events of the past.

What is History?

History describes how the past narrates to human beings. The overall population’s achievements, occurrence, events, etc. deal in history.

A subject which deals with written materials, mainly about the past: through these written materials, many truths about the past way of life can be attained. The occurrence of events that take place in particular blocks of time, history focuses frequently, and for the ease of grouping, the historian gives the names. According to social history, geographical locations, history can be studied further. Historian is a person who studies and research the history and provides written material about it. Prehistory means a period before when records are provided in written form.

According to the theory of Marxian, there are five segments of history primitive communism, slave society, feudalism, capitalism, and socialism.

Types of History

  • Cultural History: A branch of history that deals with cultural analysis and customs about the past.
  • Diplomatic History: It focuses on the study of worldwide relations among nations.
  • Political History: This branch of history is the narration of the valuation of political matters.
  • Intellectual History: It is about personal dealings and how they developed record.
  • Social History: Social history is the section of history that looks at the lived familiarity of the precedent. It focuses on a variety of community norms such as ways of standard, living customers, disciplines, status, and so on of the people alongside the demography.
  • Economic History: It focuses on the cram of economies as well as the monetary phenomena of the past.

What is Literature?

Simply stated, the literature is a written work that can be studied. Throughout history, various definitions defined the literature. Literature is an artistic work in written form, especially with high and lasting artistic value as defined by the dictionary of Cambridge.

In various forms, literature can be classified, i.e., pros vs. poetry or fiction vs. nonfiction. Further primary forms are short story, novel, and drama. Thoughts and creativeness are elements of the literature.

To enhance the quality of literary work, many authors use a variety of literary devices. For the beginning of literature, it is extra challenging to isolate.

Types of Literature

  • Biography: It is the story about a person’s life, which is written by another person.Autobiography: The story about the life of a person written by himself.
  • Fantasy: Novels written in different words by ourselves are fantasy novels.
  • Fable: It is frequently based on mammal characters.
  • Folktale: A folktale may be based on fallacy and feature supernatural characters. Surrounded by the culture, it has been agreed down, usually verbally. It includes fairy and scam tales and many other stories.
  • Myth: The story about the tradition in a particular culture accepted as pure and sacred. A myth may be midpoint on mystic beings and make clear how impressive it comes to be, such as lightning or the world itself.
  • Legend: It typically mixes actuality and creative writing. A story that has been handed more than to different generations is supposed to be a history.
  • Science Fiction: Technology and science affects the world and examines some science fiction.

History is the study of past events, while literature is an artistic work about fiction and nonfiction stories.