Difference Wiki

Has vs. Have: What's the Difference?

Edited by Sawaira Riaz || By Sumera Saeed || Updated on October 25, 2023
"Has" is the third person singular present tense of "have," while "have" is used with first and second person singular, and plural forms.

Key Differences

"Has" and "have" are both forms of the verb "to have." They indicate possession, relationships, or various other relationships and states. However, their usage is determined by the subject of the sentence. "Has" is specifically used with the third person singular, like "he," "she," or "it." For instance, "He has a car" demonstrates the possession of a car by a third person.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 24, 2023
Conversely, "have" is versatile in its application. It is used with the pronouns "I" and "you," which are singular. For example, "I have a book" or "You have a pen." Not only that, but "have" also pairs with plural subjects like "we," "they," or plural nouns like "dogs." In such cases, sentences like "They have tickets" or "Dogs have tails" are formed.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 24, 2023
Additionally, both "has" and "have" are used in creating perfect tenses in English. "Has" aids in forming the present perfect tense for third person singular subjects. An example would be, "She has traveled to France." On the other hand, "have" is used with "I," "you," "we," and "they" in this tense. For instance, "We have visited the museum."
Sumera Saeed
Oct 24, 2023
While "has" is mostly confined to indicating possession for third person singular, "have" has broader applications. "Have" can indicate experiences, actions, or obligations, as in "I have been to Spain," "They have played soccer," or "I have to go."
Sumera Saeed
Oct 24, 2023
Both "has" and "have" are integral to English grammar, with their roles defined by the subjects they accompany. Mastery of their appropriate usage is key to forming accurate and fluent English sentences.
Sara Rehman
Oct 24, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Person & Number

Third person singular (he, she, it).
First & second person singular, plural (I, you, we, they).
Sumera Saeed
Oct 24, 2023

Usage in Perfect Tense

Forms present perfect for third person singular.
Forms present perfect for I, you, we, they.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 24, 2023

Indication

Mainly possession for third person singular.
Possession, experiences, obligations for multiple subjects.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 24, 2023

Common Phrases

"He has," "She has," "It has."
"I have," "You have," "We have," "They have."
Janet White
Oct 24, 2023

Dependency

Depends on the singular subject.
Versatile; works with various subjects.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 24, 2023
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Has and Have Definitions

Has

Used in forming present perfect tense for singular subjects.
He has visited the Eiffel Tower.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 24, 2023

Have

Used in forming perfect tenses.
They have lived here for years.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 24, 2023

Has

Third person singular present of "have."
She has a pet cat.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 24, 2023

Have

Expresses obligations or necessity.
I have to finish my homework.
Harlon Moss
Oct 24, 2023

Has

Shows relationships or attributes for singular entities.
The book has many pages.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 24, 2023

Have

Indicates possession or ownership.
I have a bicycle.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 24, 2023

Has

Reflects obligation or necessity in questions for singular subjects.
Has she any idea about the plan?
Sumera Saeed
Oct 24, 2023

Have

Reflects relationships or attributes.
We have two children.
Harlon Moss
Oct 24, 2023

Has

Indicates possession for singular subjects.
The store has new stock.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 24, 2023

Have

Shows experiences or actions.
I have seen that movie.
Janet White
Oct 24, 2023

Has

Third person singular present tense of have.
Sumera Saeed
Mar 27, 2020

Have

To be in possession of
Already had a car.
Sumera Saeed
Mar 27, 2020

FAQs

What is the basic function of "has" and "have"?

"Has" and "have" are both verbs used to indicate possession or to describe relationships and characteristics.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 25, 2023

When do we use "have"?

"Have" is used with first and second person singular (I, you), and all plural subjects.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 25, 2023

When do we use "has"?

"Has" is used with third person singular subjects, like he, she, it, or singular nouns.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 25, 2023

Do "has" and "have" change in past tense?

Yes, both "has" and "have" become "had" in the past tense.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 25, 2023

Do "has" and "have" have irregular conjugations?

No, but their past tense, "had," is the same for all subjects.
Harlon Moss
Oct 25, 2023

What are the common errors with "has" and "have"?

Mixing up "has" and "have" with their respective subjects and incorrect use in tenses are common errors.
Harlon Moss
Oct 25, 2023

How are "has" and "have" used in questions?

As auxiliary verbs, they precede the subject. E.g., "Have you eaten?" or "Has she arrived?"
Sara Rehman
Oct 25, 2023

Are "has" and "have" used in expressions or idioms?

Yes, such as "have a break," "have a good time," or "has a point."
Sumera Saeed
Oct 25, 2023

How is "have" used in present perfect tense?

"Have" is used with subjects I, you, we, and they followed by a past participle, e.g., "They have seen that movie."
Sumera Saeed
Oct 25, 2023

Can "has" and "have" be used as main verbs?

Yes, when indicating possession, e.g., "He has a car" or "I have a pen."
Sumera Saeed
Oct 25, 2023

What's the negative form of "have"?

"Have not" or the contraction "haven't."
Sumera Saeed
Oct 25, 2023

Is there a difference between "has got" and "has"?

Both can indicate possession in British English, but "has got" is more informal. In American English, "got" is often omitted.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 25, 2023

How is "had" different from "has" and "have"?

"Had" is the past tense form, while "has" and "have" are present tense forms.
Janet White
Oct 25, 2023

Can "has" and "have" function in causative sentences?

Yes, e.g., "I had him repair my car."
Sumera Saeed
Oct 25, 2023

Are "has" and "have" used in other tenses besides present perfect?

Yes, they are also used in perfect continuous tenses, e.g., "She has been running" or "They have been playing."
Sumera Saeed
Oct 25, 2023

Can "have" function as a modal verb?

Yes, "have" can function as a modal verb in constructions like "have to" which indicates necessity.
Janet White
Oct 25, 2023

How is "has" used in present perfect tense?

In present perfect tense, "has" is used with third person singular subjects followed by a past participle, e.g., "She has finished her work."
Sumera Saeed
Oct 25, 2023

What's the negative form of "has"?

"Has not" or the contraction "hasn't."
Janet White
Oct 25, 2023

Can "have" be used to mean "experience"?

Yes, e.g., "I have a headache" or "She's having a great time."
Janet White
Oct 25, 2023

How do "has" and "have" function in passive voice?

They are used with "been" and a past participle, e.g., "The work has been done."
Sumera Saeed
Oct 25, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.

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