Difference Between Essay and Report


Main Difference

The main difference between Essay and Report is that the Essay includes the answer to a question and its explanation, whereas the Report contains the solution of a problem.

Essay vs. Report

The essay starts with a specific question and contains all the details about it, whereas the report contains a solution to a specific problem. The essay is a long description that addresses a question, but the report includes a sequence which shows solutions to a problem. The essay is written to show facts and figures while the report provides overall information about some problems.

An essay is an individual view about some issues, but the report is a piece of impartial information addressing an issue. The essay is written in paragraphs, while the report is followed by a specific writing method. The essay is mostly written by students, whereas the report is written by students, professionals, and business persons.


The essay contains descriptions, evaluation, and analysis about a specific topic; on the other hand, a report is a systematically written document which contains definitions, history, issue, recommendations or suggestions, and conclusion. The essay contains arguments, whereas the report discourses a practical issue.

Comparison Chart

An essay is an answer to a question, and it contains overall details related to that answerThe report is the document which contains an explanation of an issue and recommendations to solve the issue
Descriptive, Analytical dataSystematic document
Introduction, body & conclusionIntroduction, issue, recommendation
Long paragraphsShort paragraphs
Mostly no headingsProper headings
To answer a questionTo recommend a solution
By studentsBy students, professionals

What is an Essay?

The essay is a long description, which is the answer to a specific question. The essay contains a long detail about the answer. The essay is written in long paragraphs. Essays are written without headings. The essay is written mostly in student life. The essay contains facts and figures about some important topics.

The essay contains descriptions, evaluations, and analytical data. Moreover, an essay is the individual view of a person, and everyone can give a different answer to the same question. The essay contains arguments to support the individual view presented in the essay. The essay includes the introduction of the topic, the body of the topic, and the conclusion of the topic. The essay contains academic topics.


  • It answers a question.
  • Long paragraphs.
  • No headings.
  • It includes facts and figures.
  • It is mostly used for academic purposes.
  • A person can write arguments in the essay.

What is Report?

The report is a document that contains recommendations and solutions to a problem. A specific method is followed in a report. The report consists of an introduction, issues, and suggestions, and a conclusion. The reports are used by students, professionals, and business persons to give presentations.

Reports contain specific headings, and the paragraphs of the report are not too long. The main purpose is to recommend a solution to a problem. Reports include bullet points and graphs to explain the issues. Reports are used to share informative data with others. The report contains headings and subheadings.


  • It provides a solution to a problem.
  • Bullet points.
  • It includes graphs and tables.
  • Reports are informative.
  • It includes headings and subheadings.

Key Differences

  1. The essay answers a question, whereas the report provides a solution to a problem.
  2. The essay is used to provide written information; on the other hand, the report is used to give presentations.
  3. The essay contains long paragraphs; on the flip side, reports do not contain long paragraphs.
  4. The essay does not contain headings, but the report contains headings and subheadings.
  5. The main purpose of the essay is to answer the question; conversely, the report’s main purpose is to recommend a solution.
  6. The essay contains descriptive and analytical data, whereas a report is a systematic document.
  7. The essay contains arguments, but the report presents solutions and recommendations.
  8. The essay includes individual view while the report gives a piece of overall impartial information.
  9. The essay is used by the students at an academic level, whereas a report is used by both students and professionals.
  10. The essay does not contain bullet points, while the report contains bullet points.


It concludes that essays and reports are two different things, and their purpose is different. The main purpose of the essay is to answer a specific question, and the main purpose of the report is to provide a solution.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson