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Gypsum vs. Drywall: What's the Difference?

Edited by Sara Rehman || By Sawaira Riaz || Published on December 24, 2023
Gypsum is a natural mineral used in many industries, while drywall refers to a construction material made from gypsum plaster between two sheets of paper.

Key Differences

Gypsum is a soft sulfate mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate. It's found in nature and is used in various industries, including construction. Drywall, on the other hand, is a specific construction material made by placing a layer of gypsum plaster between two sheets of paper. It's commonly used for interior walls and ceilings.
Sara Rehman
Dec 24, 2023
In its raw form, gypsum is a translucent, crystalline mineral often mined from sedimentary rock formations. It's processed into a powder and used in various products. Drywall utilizes gypsum in a processed form, mixing it with additives to produce a plaster that hardens between paper sheets, creating panels for construction.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 24, 2023
Gypsum has various applications beyond construction, such as in agriculture for soil conditioning and as a food additive. Drywall specifically refers to the construction panels made from gypsum plaster. These panels are cut to size and used to create smooth, paintable interior surfaces in buildings.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 24, 2023
The versatility of gypsum makes it valuable in industries like art, where it's used for sculptures and molds, and in medicine for casts. Drywall, however, is solely a construction material, valued for its fire resistance and ease of installation in residential and commercial structures.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 24, 2023
Gypsum's physical properties include being soft, able to be scratched with a fingernail, and having a white or colorless appearance. Drywall exhibits different properties, such as rigidity, smoothness, and being easily cut and fastened to framing in buildings, showcasing the transformation of gypsum into a practical building material.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 24, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Composition

Natural mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate
Construction panels made from gypsum plaster and paper sheets
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 24, 2023

Raw Form

Translucent, crystalline mineral
Manufactured, rigid panels
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 24, 2023

Uses

Diverse, including agriculture, art, and medicine
Primarily for constructing interior walls and ceilings
Sara Rehman
Dec 24, 2023

Properties

Soft, can be scratched with a fingernail, white/colorless
Rigid, smooth, easily cut and fastened
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 24, 2023

Industry Relevance

Broad application in various industries
Specific to the construction industry
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 24, 2023
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Gypsum and Drywall Definitions

Gypsum

Gypsum is a soft mineral widely used in construction and agriculture.
The gypsum deposits were extensive, promising a steady supply for construction projects.
Janet White
Dec 02, 2023

Drywall

Drywall is known for its ease of installation and finishing.
The contractor preferred drywall for its quick installation time.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 02, 2023

Gypsum

Gypsum is a raw material for making plaster and drywall.
The factory processes gypsum into plaster for various construction applications.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 02, 2023

Drywall

Drywall consists of gypsum plaster sandwiched between paper sheets.
The drywall panels made the renovation process faster and cleaner.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 02, 2023

Gypsum

Gypsum serves as a fertilizer and soil conditioner in agriculture.
Farmers use gypsum to improve soil composition and promote healthy crop growth.
Harlon Moss
Dec 02, 2023

Drywall

Drywall is a construction material for creating interior walls and ceilings.
They installed drywall throughout the new office building.
Sara Rehman
Dec 02, 2023

Gypsum

Gypsum is a naturally occurring crystal used in art and medicine.
Artists often use gypsum for creating detailed sculptures.
Harlon Moss
Dec 02, 2023

Drywall

Drywall is a cost-effective alternative to traditional plaster walls.
To reduce costs, the builders used drywall instead of plaster.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 02, 2023

Gypsum

Gypsum is known for its fire-resistant properties.
Gypsum boards were chosen for the building due to their excellent fire resistance.
Harlon Moss
Dec 02, 2023

Drywall

Drywall provides a smooth, paintable surface in buildings.
Once the drywall was up, they could start painting the rooms.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 02, 2023

Gypsum

A widespread colorless, white, or yellowish mineral, CaSO4·2H2O, used in the manufacture of plaster of Paris, various plaster products, and fertilizers.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 01, 2023

Drywall

A building material consisting of rectangular sections usually made of a gypsum plaster core bonded between layers of heavy paper, used especially in the construction of interior walls and ceilings. Also called gypsum board, plasterboard, wallboard.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 01, 2023

Gypsum

A mineral consisting of hydrated calcium sulphate. When calcinated, it forms plaster of Paris.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 01, 2023

Drywall

Also dry wall A wall constructed from rocks that are not cemented together.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 01, 2023

Gypsum

A mineral consisting of the hydrous sulphate of lime (calcium). When calcined, it forms plaster of Paris. Selenite is a transparent, crystalline variety; alabaster, a fine, white, massive variety.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 01, 2023

Gypsum

A common white or colorless mineral (hydrated calcium sulphate) used to make cements and plasters (especially plaster of Paris)
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 01, 2023

FAQs

How is gypsum used in construction?

Gypsum is processed into plaster and used in drywall and other building materials.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 24, 2023

Can gypsum be used in art?

Yes, gypsum is used for sculptures and molds in art.
Harlon Moss
Dec 24, 2023

What is gypsum?

Gypsum is a natural mineral used in construction, agriculture, and other industries.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 24, 2023

Is drywall environmentally friendly?

Drywall is relatively eco-friendly, often made from recycled materials and being recyclable.
Janet White
Dec 24, 2023

What are the benefits of using drywall?

Drywall is fire-resistant, easy to install, and provides a smooth surface for painting.
Harlon Moss
Dec 24, 2023

Can gypsum be used in agriculture?

Yes, gypsum is used as a soil conditioner and fertilizer in agriculture.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 24, 2023

What are the properties of gypsum?

Gypsum is soft, can be scratched with a fingernail, and is typically white or colorless.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 24, 2023

How is drywall installed?

Drywall panels are cut to size and fastened to the framing of a building.
Janet White
Dec 24, 2023

What is drywall?

Drywall is a construction material made from gypsum plaster between two paper sheets.
Sara Rehman
Dec 24, 2023

Is drywall easy to repair?

Yes, drywall can be easily patched and repaired if damaged.
Harlon Moss
Dec 24, 2023

Is gypsum recyclable?

Yes, gypsum can be recycled and used in various applications.
Janet White
Dec 24, 2023

Is gypsum suitable for outdoor use?

Gypsum is primarily used indoors; its use outdoors requires special treatment for weather resistance.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 24, 2023

How does drywall contribute to building insulation?

Drywall itself has minimal insulation properties but contributes to the overall insulation system.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 24, 2023

Can gypsum be used in medicine?

Yes, gypsum is used for making casts in medicine.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 24, 2023

How is gypsum processed for construction use?

Gypsum is ground into a powder and mixed with additives to make plaster.
Harlon Moss
Dec 24, 2023

What are the advantages of drywall over traditional plaster?

Drywall is quicker to install, less labor-intensive, and more cost-effective than traditional plaster.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 24, 2023

How does drywall affect indoor air quality?

Quality drywall does not significantly affect indoor air quality and is considered safe for indoor use.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 24, 2023

Are there different types of drywall?

Yes, drywall comes in various types, including moisture-resistant and fire-resistant.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 24, 2023

Can drywall be used in high-moisture areas?

Special moisture-resistant drywall is suitable for high-moisture areas.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 24, 2023

Is gypsum fire-resistant?

Yes, gypsum has natural fire-resistant properties.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 24, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited by
Sara Rehman
Sara Rehman is a seasoned writer and editor with extensive experience at Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Information Technology, she combines her academic prowess with her passion for writing to deliver insightful and well-researched content.

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