Difference Between Elocution vs. Speech

Main Difference

The main difference between the term elocution and speech is that elocution refers to the manner of delivering a speech whereas speech refers to a spoken expression of ideas and opinions.

Elocution vs. Speech

Elocution is the manner or skill of delivering a clear and expressive speech. Speech is a formal discourse or address delivered in front of an audience. Elocution refers to the way of delivering the speech. Speech refers to the spoken expression of ideas and opinions. Elocution focuses on how to speak clearly and in a way that is effective and socially acceptable. Speech is an oral expression of ideas, opinions, etc., made by someone who is speaking in front of a group of people. Elocution consists of various elements such as articulation, pronunciation, accent, emphasis, gestures, and inflections. Speech is more easy to deliver if you are knowledgeable in elocution. Elocution is a type of speech that is delivered within the theme, known audience and in some cases within the specified time limit. Speech covers many public speaking events like a farewell speech, political speech, etc. Elocution is comparatively a narrow term. Speech is a broader term. Elocution is the skill or the ability to give a speech with clear pronunciation, and expressions. Speech is a formal discourse or a skill to express the thoughts through eloquent sounds. The key elements in elocution are clear speech, gestures, accent, emphasis, expressive speech, inflections, articulation, and distinct pronunciation. The key elements in speech are pronunciation, articulation, emphasis, and gestures. On the whole, elocution specifically refers to the art of delivering the speeches. Speech transmits a message, to convince, persuade or motivate the listeners to agree.

Comparison Chart

ElocutionSpeech
The manner of delivering the speechThe oral expression of ideas and opinions
Scope
NarrowWide
Listeners
Known audiencePublic or unknown audience
Purpose
To deliver the speechTo convince, persuade or motivate the listeners to agree

What is Elocution?

The word elocution refers to a person’s manner of speaking. The term elocution is typically used about a manner of speech by a speaker when speaking or reading aloud in public. It is a way of speaking which is effective and socially acceptable. Elocution also refers to the study of public speaking, with particular attention paid to grammar, pronunciation, and style. It is the skill or the ability to give a speech with clear pronunciation, and expressions. Elocution is a type of speech that is delivered within the theme, known audience and in some cases within the specified time limit. Elocution was believed to be one of the five basic disciplines of pronunciation in Western classical rhetoric. It specifically referred to the art of delivering the speeches. The classical orators were not only trained a proper diction and delivery, but also on gestures, stance, and dress.

Key Elements

  • Clear Speech
  • Expressive Speech
  • Distinct Pronunciation
  • Articulation
  • Accent
  • Emphasis
  • Inflections
  • Gestures

What is Speech?

Speech is a spoken expression of ideas and opinion, made by someone who is speaking in front of a group of people. It is a formal discourse or address delivered in front of an audience. Speech refers to the spoken expression of ideas and opinions which is more easy to deliver if you are knowledgeable in elocution. The main purpose of a speech can range from simply transmitting a message, to convince, persuade or motivate the listeners to agree. The strength of a good speaker/orator lies in his power to change the emotions and beliefs of people. A speech can be spontaneous or scripted. The act of performing the speech in front of an audience or group of people is known as public speaking. Public speaking usually includes a scripted speech. The speech must have logical and persuasive content for the speech to be effective. The speaker’s manner of speaking also has a very important influence on its effects.

Key Elements

  • Pronunciation
  • Articulation
  • Emphasis
  • Gestures

Key Differences

  1. Elocution refers to the way of delivering the speech whereas speech refers to the spoken expression of ideas and opinions.
  2. Elocution is the manner, or skill of delivering a clear and expressive speech on the other hand speech is a formal discourse or address delivered in front of an audience
  3. Elocution focuses on how to speak clearly and effectively on the flip side speech is an oral expression of ideas and opinions.
  4. Elocution is a narrow term conversely speech is a broader term.
  5. Elocution refers to the art of delivering the speeches while speech transmits a message, to convince, persuade or motivate the listeners to agree.

Author:

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson

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