Difference Between Brinjal vs. Eggplant

Main Difference

The main difference between the two names of the same vegetable is that the brinjal is a less common term heard in countries such as India, and Eggplant is used in the US and is a more common term.

Brinjal vs. Eggplant

Brinjal and eggplant are the two different words that refer to the same vegetable. Brinjal belongs to the Solanales order and the Solanum genus. Eggplant is also from the Solanales order and the Solanum genus. Due to the result of globalization and interaction of many languages around the world, multiple terms are being used for one particular object. In the same way, brinjal and eggplant are two different names used for the same plant and vegetable with a slight difference. One thing must be noted here that brinjal and eggplant are fruits falsely classified as vegetables. The term brinjal is less common that is heard in countries like India. Eggplant is used in the US, and it is a more common term used for this specific fruit. The best cultivation of brinjal is in tropical to subtropical climates. Its ideal growth is in the southeast and East Asia. Eggplant can be sown down directly into the garden. However, it is considered not be planted near tomatoes and potatoes because of the presence of some pesticides on tomatoes and potatoes, and the same pesticide can cause a problem for the other solanaceous plants like the eggplants. The word brinjal is colloquially used in the Indian sub-continent. Brinjal is the name used in the British vocabulary and used wherever there has been a significant British influence. Eggplant is the name that is very widely used in American English. Almost all native speakers of American English understand what an eggplant is.

Comparison Chart

BrinjalEggplant
A less common term used in countries such as IndiaA more common term used commonly in the United States
Name
Less commonMore common
Variety
It is one of a variety of eggplantIt has many varieties
Word Usage
In British vocabularyIn American vocabulary
Growth
In tropical to subtropical climatesIn tropical climates

What is Brinjal?

Brinjal is the name of a fruit belonging to the Solanales order and the Solanum genus. The term brinjal is less common that is heard in countries like India. Brinjal derived its name during the 16th and 17th centuries from the Portuguese word beringela. Also, this word is colloquially used in the Indian sub-continent. The best cultivation of brinjal is in tropical to subtropical climates. Brinjal is an egg-shaped, purple-colored vegetable. Its ideal growth is in the southeast and East Asia. Brinjal is the name that is used in the British vocabulary and used wherever there has been a significant British influence. Brinjal is delicious in taste and rich in nutrients. Hence, it is a healthy and satisfying addition to your menu. It is full of vitamins and minerals, fiber and the antioxidant, nasunin, which protects the cells from damage. There are many other antioxidants in brinjals that help to prevent high cholesterol and strengthen resistance to viruses.

What is Eggplant?

Eggplant is the egg-shaped glossy black fruit with white flesh and a meaty texture. It belongs to the Solanales order and the Solanum genus. The scientific name for eggplant is Solanum melongena. Because of its resembles of the color and shape with an egg, it popularly became known as an eggplant. It must be noted here that eggplant has nothing else to do with eggs and is purely vegetarian. Eggplant belongs to the nightshade family that originally grows wild in northeast India and Burma, spreading across Laos and Vietnam, Thailand, as well as Southwest China. The following countries, like China, India, Egypt, Turkey, Japan, Italy, are the leading producers of eggplant today. The word eggplant is used in the US, and it is a more common term used for this specific fruit. Eggplant is the name that is very widely used in American English. Almost all native speakers of American English understand what an eggplant is. It is a dark fruit purple that is typically used in cooking. The other names for eggplant are aubergine, brinjal eggplant, melongene, and guinea squash. Eggplant can grow from 40-150 cm tall with large and coarse leaves. Its Wild variants can grow even larger and have thorny stems. The plant bears white and purple flowers and yellow stamens. Majority of the eggplants are purple, but some of them are also green or white. Eggplants need full sun with temperatures of 21°C to 29°C to grow in the best condition. It is used in many recipes including Baingan ka Bharta, musakka/moussaka, etc.

Key Differences

  1. Brinjal is the name that is used in the British vocabulary and used wherever there has been a significant British influence, whereas Eggplant is the name that is very widely used in American English.
  2. The term brinjal is less common conversely the term Eggplant is more common.
  3. The term brinjal is heard in countries like India on the flip side the term Eggplant is used in the US.
  4. The best cultivation of brinjal is in tropical to subtropical climates while Eggplant can be sown down directly into the garden in high-temperature climates.

Conclusion

Brinjal and eggplant are the two names for a vegetable. The difference lies in the name given differently by different languages used by different people of the world.

Author:

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson

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