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Electric Stove vs. Gas Stove: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Janet White || Published on February 13, 2024
An electric stove uses electricity to heat elements for cooking, while a gas stove uses combustible gas for direct flame cooking.

Key Differences

An electric stove operates by converting electricity into heat through elements or coils on the cooktop. A gas stove, in contrast, uses natural gas or propane, igniting it to provide a direct flame for cooking.
Electric stoves often have a flat surface, making them easier to clean, but they may take longer to heat up and cool down. Gas stoves offer instant heat and more precise temperature control but require more cleaning due to their grates and burners.
In terms of energy efficiency, electric stoves are generally more energy-efficient but depend on the source of electricity. Gas stoves are praised for their quick cooking abilities and are often preferred by professional chefs for their temperature control.
Safety-wise, electric stoves eliminate risks associated with open flames but remain hot for a while after use. Gas stoves, while offering a visible flame, pose risks like gas leaks and require good ventilation.
Installation of an electric stove typically only requires an electrical outlet, whereas a gas stove needs a gas line and often professional installation.

Comparison Chart

Heat Source

Electricity heating elements
Combustible gas creating a flame

Temperature Control

Slower response time
Instant heat adjustment

Energy Efficiency

Generally more efficient, depends on electricity source
Less efficient but quick cooking


No open flame, surface stays hot
Open flame, risk of gas leaks


Requires electrical outlet
Needs gas line and professional installation

Electric Stove and Gas Stove Definitions

Electric Stove

An electric stove uses electricity to heat cooking elements.
Her new electric stove heats up evenly for consistent cooking.

Gas Stove

A gas stove uses a gas-fueled flame for cooking.
The chef preferred a gas stove for its quick temperature control.

Electric Stove

Features a flat surface, often made of ceramic.
The flat surface of the electric stove made cleanup easy.

Gas Stove

Often preferred by chefs for precise cooking.
Her gas stove allowed her to simmer sauces at just the right temperature.

Electric Stove

May include features like digital controls and timers.
The digital controls on her electric stove made precise cooking simple.

Gas Stove

Offers instant heat and flame cooking.
The instant heat of the gas stove was perfect for stir-frying.

Electric Stove

Offers a safer alternative to open flames.
She chose an electric stove to avoid the risk of open flames in her kitchen.

Gas Stove

Features burners with grates for pot and pan support.
His gas stove's burners provided a perfect sear on the steak.

Electric Stove

Can have coil or smooth-top elements.
He preferred the smooth-top electric stove for its sleek look.

Gas Stove

Requires good ventilation due to combustion.
They installed a hood over the gas stove for proper ventilation.


What is a gas stove?

A stove that uses natural gas or propane for direct flame cooking.

How does an electric stove work?

It converts electricity into heat through coils or a smooth-top surface.

Are electric stoves easy to clean?

Yes, especially models with a flat, smooth surface.

How does a gas stove work?

It ignites gas to create a flame used directly for cooking.

Which is more energy-efficient, electric or gas stove?

Generally, electric stoves are more energy-efficient.

What safety concerns are there with electric stoves?

The surface stays hot after use, posing a burn risk.

What are the safety risks of gas stoves?

Open flames and potential gas leaks.

How is an electric stove installed?

It requires an electrical outlet and proper wattage.

What is needed for gas stove installation?

A gas line and often professional installation.

What is an electric stove?

A cooking appliance that uses electric elements to heat pots and pans.

Can electric stoves mimic gas stove cooking?

Some high-end models aim to mimic the responsiveness of gas stoves.

Do gas stoves offer better temperature control?

Yes, they provide instant heat adjustment.

Is a gas stove faster for cooking?

Yes, it offers quick heat and is efficient for cooking.

What cookware works best on electric stoves?

Flat-bottomed cookware is ideal for even heating.

Is it easier to simmer on a gas or electric stove?

Gas stoves offer better simmer control due to the instant heat adjustment.

Are gas stoves more expensive to operate?

This depends on local gas and electricity prices.

Do chefs prefer gas or electric stoves?

Many professional chefs prefer gas stoves for their control and speed.

Can electric stoves be used during power outages?

No, they rely on electricity to function.

Can you use any cookware on a gas stove?

Almost any cookware can be used, but sturdy, heat-tolerant types are best.

Do electric stoves have a flame?

No, they heat through electric elements.
About Author
Written by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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