Difference WikiCommunication

Difference Between Oral Communication and Written Communication

Main Difference

The main difference between Oral Communication and Written Communication is that Oral Communication is the way off in words conveying planning and thoughts from any particular or group to others, whereas Written Communication means directing messages, or advice in lettering form.

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Oral Communication vs. Written Communication

Oral communication is the procedure of passing on messages or report from the dispatcher to the receiver through word of mouth. In contrast, written communication is the method of collaborating messages or information to writer and receiver through the printed form. Oral communication is an informal way, while written communication is a formal way.

Oral communication does not have any record, whereas written communication always has a history. Oral communication does not cost high, while written communication is costly. Oral communication has an instant reaction, while written communication takes time to provide feedback. Oral communication takes less time to get ready and deliver massages, whereas written communication takes much time to organize for passing messages. Oral communication is not considering reliable, while written communication is most trustworthy.

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In oral communication, it is not requiring to review massage before conveying, but in written communication, it is essential to reread messages before dispatching to someone. Oral communication is more flexible; it can alert or modify according to condition, whereas written communication is not adjustable and comfortable; it takes time to carry change or adjust messages.

High literacy level does not mean in oral communication, the receiver should only understand the message, but literacy is applicable in written communication. Oral communication can start directly, while written communication needs to follow various formalities, and that’s why it involves a formal process to begin such a discussion. Generally, grammar is not much considered in oral communication, whereas written notification must be accurate grammatically because it affects the message.

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Comparison Chart

Oral CommunicationWritten Communication
It is the way of communicating by words from the mouthIt is the way of communicating through written words or symbols
Way
InformalFormal
Literacy
Not requiredNecessary
Message Transmission
SpeedySlow
Prove Record
NoYes
Feedback
ImmediateTakes time
Flexibility
MoreLess
Time Factor
Less timeMuch time
Cost Factor
LowHigh

What is Oral Communication?

Oral Communication is the way of passing on or receiving messages by using spoken words. This style of communication is hugely using in throughout the world because of quick and speedy reactions. The best thing about this communication is that the sender and receiver can notify nonverbal signals like body language, facial expression, tone of speech and, etc. This communication enhances oral communication more genuine. A good relationship is generating among the sender and receiver due to their special touch. There is no exact rule mention to follow formalities in oral communication.

Oral communication can be directly and indirectly. The long conversation is having among two or more individuals like face to face communication, addresses, conferences, assemblies, arguments, sessions, etc. And the long conversation is such type of communication in which there must be something using for exchanging like telephonic dialogue, videotape, vocal sound, etc.

Oral communication is more delicate. There is also additional flexibility in it, and you can even converse on altered aspects of any matter and also take out speedily decision. However, in oral communication, the words, once pronounced, can never reserve.

Though it is not appropriate for confidential or particular information because it has no authorized record what was said, without having any tape-recorded or video-recorded, because, in the situation of blunder, no one will own the accountability. Oral communication should be firm, significant, delicate, simple, and instructive. It is economical because it protects money which may expend on Writing materials.

What is Written Communication?

The communication in which the message is on a paper form is known as written communication. It is the most reliable way of communicating, and also enormously favoring on the professional side because it is a proper and classy way. The several networks of written communication are literature, electronic message, newsletters, publications, reporters, writing notes, etc.

It is a systematized communication because before transferring the message, one has to reread or redraft it. Written communication is cautiously strategic, and words are picking very carefully. In this type of connection, the height of literacy is essential because a person who is getting massage must know what is writing in it. In this situation, the dispatcher never knows that the receiver reads the message or not, and the sender has to wait for the response of the receiver as well.

Written communication is accurately recording; that’s why it is more reliable and trustworthy. There is also a possibility to edit the message before forwarding. It has less flexibility because it has less chance to change or adjust information. It takes some time to start the process because there are various formalities involves that have to follow here by the sender, and the written communication must be accurate accordingly structure and grammatically as well.

It seems right for extensive-distance communication, and it provides the receiver enough time to consider and respond. It can send to many people at a time. It is also an easy way to address any unpleasant or lousy news in written words, but it is not effective in case of an emergency.

Key Differences

  1. Oral communication is verbal, whereas written communication is in writing.
  2. Oral communication is informal. On the other hand, written communication is formal.
  3. Oral communication is speedy; conversely, written communication is slow.
  4. Oral communication takes less time; on the flip side, and written communication takes more time.
  5. Oral communication is more flexible, whereas written communication is less flexible.
  6. Oral communication is economical. On the other hand, written communication is costly.
  7. Oral communication has no proves; on the other hand, oral communication has shown.
  8. Oral communication has immediate feedback, whereas written communication has no immediate feedback.
  9. Oral communication is not reliable; on the flip side, written communication is authentic.

Conclusion

It is difficult to choose between two communications that which is superlative because both are worthy and valuable at their places, Oral Communication is informal which is usually using in individual discussions, whereas Written Communication is formal communication, which is using officially. Most of the People use an oral style because it is suitable and less time-consuming. Though people usually consider written text more, that is why written communication is deliberate as a consistent way of communication.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson